Advice 1: As hedgehogs give birth

In the spring, when the snow melts and the danger has passed frost, warm mink appear emaciated during winter hibernation hedgehogs. During this period, little prickly for predators important to eat well. Almost all night time they devote hunting. Spring and summer for hedgehogs - the period of mating and breeding.
As hedgehogs give birth
You will need
  • - Sawdust;
  • - old Newspapers;
  • - bowls for food and water;
  • food;
  • - the vitamins;
  • - medical gloves.
A year of very active females may lead to two broods ezhat (from four to eight cubs). The gestation period lasts for forty-nine days. Before birth, the hedgehog becomes restless, irritable, doesn't eat much, preferring the water. Trying to set up a quiet place a special brood nest for the future offspring as well: hauling the pieces of bark, moss and leaves.
Hedgehogs, like all mammals, are viviparous. Weigh kids at birth is about twelve to fourteen grams and the length is seven centimeters. Immediately after birth the tiny calf defenseless. Soft white and grey needles appear bright pink skin only after four hours. Hoglets are blind, but are able to curl into a ball. Eyes open in sixteen days. In the first days of life the mother moves away from the brood. It warms ezhat warmth of his body and feeds milk.
Real needle in adult urchins, the young appear in about a month. On the second month of life hedgehogs are a kind of learning. Mother shows how to forage, how to hunt, and who is to be feared. Although kids already eat worms, caterpillars, the hedgehog still feed the offspring with milk. So is summer and autumn young hedgehogs leave the mother and begin to live independently. Hedgehogs live in the wild three to four years, and in captivity up to ten years.
In captivity, a person must ensure that Eiji had enough material to make a nest. This can be shredded newspaper, wood chips, etc.

Place to brood should be in the quietest part of the house. The male must be separated from the family because he can eat kids, taking them for prey.
Useful advice
At home mating hedgehogs should be held on the territory of the male. Otherwise the hedgehog will attack the male to protect his territory.

To hedgehog didn't eat cubs from starvation after birth, the one who has been breeding hedgehogs in captivity should provide the animal with enough food and vitamins. Bowls should be put close to the nest, but try not to disturb the hedgehogs. If you want to inspect the brood, for the use of medical gloves, examination of the conduct at a time when the hedgehog leaves the nest to eat. Otherwise it can at best carry ezhat in another place, at worst, kill kids.

Advice 2: How to begin to live independently

About how to separate from parents and live independently, it is possible to think already when you had your first independent source of income. Today, even those young people who attend school, have the opportunity to earn independently is freelance work and extra income as a courier, promoter, temporary job. As soon as your cumulative earnings, including scholarships and help from parents, will be sufficiently serious amount, you'll be able to rent an apartment.
How to begin to live independently
Of course, the main difficulty is housing. If you don't have the apartment you inherited from grandma, then it should be removed. Proposals for the surrender of apartments a lot, but you will need to look for one that meets several requirements. First, it needs to be without owners, otherwise why to leave my parents. Second, it needs to be inexpensive, this can be removed away from the center. And thirdly, the furniture and the fridge are a must, after all, the extra money to buy them you have no. In an extreme case, an apartment of several rooms can be rented in half with a friend.
Clearly count all your money. In the first place, you must have the mandatory payments – the rent, utilities, tuition, fare. This amount should be deposited immediately from your monthly earnings and spend it more on what is impossible. For the first time the clothes and shoes that you bought in the parental home.
If the new apartment you don't have any household things, the first time you can borrow them from their parents. If the washer is missing, the small things can be washed and hands, and large – in house parents.
Make a list of items that you need to buy the apartment – a minimum set of dishes, Housewares, linens, etc. most Likely, you will need to spend in it. Purposefully equip your home, buying primarily the items mentioned in this list.
Learn how to accurately plan your budget. The money remaining after obligatory payments and buy the necessary things you need to live a month. Calculate what the average amount per day you can afford for food and all hygiene stuff, makeup, underwear. Control your expenses and not relying on the help of parents. If you are a adult who already may be living on your own, better to learn it immediately.
How to learn to live simply? From simple everyday tasks to large-scale plans for the future - all becomes incredibly complicated when people fixate on the details. Try to understand what is behind this inability to do simple. How to learn to live simply? The machine does not start. What to do?
Useful advice
Learning to live in the present, you will relieve the burden to live past grievances, unfinished business and feelings for the unknown future. Live in the present, you will relieve this fear, and before you open new opportunities and horizons. For this, you need to learn to feel each moment, not by thinking about the future, upcoming issues and challenges.

Advice 3: What to eat hedgehogs

The hedgehog is among the most common animals. It inhabits Europe, Siberia, Asia Minor, Kazakhstan and China. Hedgehogs eat a variety of foods. The diet of the animals depends on the location of their residence.
Diet hedgehog

Diet hedgehog in the wild

Problems with finding food in the wild hedgehog does not occur. Pretty animal runs fast, has a very developed sense of smell and hearing. In addition, hedgehogs are not afraid of water and can travel large distances of water with the change of environment or looking for food. These mammals are primarily nocturnal and in the winter, usually hibernate. In spring, hedgehogs consume more feed than during wakefulness. This is due to the need to replenish vitamins and fats. Observations show that animals are able to eat per day is the amount of feed, which accounts for almost half of their weight.

Hedgehogs are omnivorous animals. In the wild they eat many types of plant and animal food. The main diet of hedgehogs are beetles, slugs, caterpillars and larvae. Quite often animals eat frogs, lizards and other representatives of the reptiles.

Mouse and eggs – a rare food in the diet of a hedgehog. However, if during the search for food, the animal finds a birds nest on the ground or in shrubs, then from such treats as eggs or newborn Chicks, a hedgehog will not give up. In addition, when meeting with the usual mice or voles barbed inhabitant of the forest, also do not eliminate them from your diet.
The hedgehog is able to win over any snake. He grabs her tail, rolled into a ball, and when it attempts to bite the snake runs into a protection in the form of needles. The hedgehog, however easily bites off the enemy's spine and eats it.

From plant foods hedgehogs prefer berries, fruits and mushrooms. In autumn, they collect fallen acorns. Leaves, grass and shoots of trees, hedgehogs do not eat, but in periods of lack of food, which happens very rarely, you may eat buds of trees or seeds.

What to feed a hedgehog at home

Hedgehogs need food that contains enough fat and enough protein. At home hedgehogs can feed any kind of cooked meat, eggs, bread, fruits and vegetables. The main diet of the animal should enter primarily the world of insects – grasshoppers, cockroaches, crickets. In a small number of hedgehogs can be given earthworms.
Scientists have proved that hedgehogs absolutely not susceptible to any kinds of poison. They are immune to the bites of poisonous insects and even arsenic.

You should pay particular attention to dairy products. Sour cream, milk, and yogurt to give hedgehogs is not recommended. This is due primarily to the lack in the animal body with special enzymes that metabolize lactose. Low-fat cottage cheese hedgehog, not only can be given, but necessary. There are some individuals who out of all the treats most prefer ice cream. In order for the needle was sturdy and didn't fall out, the animal needs sufficient amounts of calcium. It is also recommended to feed hedgehogs cereals.

Because of the variety of complex food animals are constantly in need of liquid. In the wild to find water isn't difficult, but at home we must take care that the hedgehog was drinking.

Advice 4: How many live hedgehogs

In captivity, hedgehogs can live much longer than in nature. Because in the wild they have a sufficient number of predatory enemies, and the food sometimes is not enough for a full life support of your body. At home such problems, of course, does not happen, but there are others.
How many live hedgehogs
All hedgehogs are mammals belonging to the insectivorous. In the wild, they – a kind of sanitation of the forest, because it destroys quite a lot of insects, causing irreparable damage to forests.
It is a mistake to believe that Jerzy prick with your needle mushrooms, berries and other food. This is not so. The only thing that hedgehogs carry on their backs, it leaves.

The lifespan of hedgehogs

It is worth noting that in many ways the life expectancy of hedgehogs depends on external factors dictating their conditions. Today proved that hedgehogs in captivity live much longer than in nature. For example, the life expectancy of the common (European) hedgehog in nature, ranges from two to five years, and in captivity, from eight to ten. Larger species of hedgehogs can live even longer in nature from four to seven years, while in captivity up to the age of sixteen.

What determines their life expectancy?

In the wild there are many other variables, significantly reducing the life of these insectivores. For example, if the hedgehog in the time allotted him before hibernation, do not get a certain amount of fat reserves in winter he risks dying of starvation.

Besides, do not forget that hedgehogs are themselves sources of food for some predators. Needles are not always able to protect them from such enemies as foxes, large owls, eagle owls, hawks with strong beaks and long claws, who are ready to catch a tasty urchin. In such conditions, the average life expectancy of a representative of almost any type of urchins is not more than five years.
Not infrequently, their needles prick hedgehogs unextinguished cigarette butts. This behavior of these animals is still not clear to scientists. However, there is an assumption that therefore, hedgehogs are struggling with forest parasites on the body.

There are more tragic deaths of these animals in nature. Since many forests which are home to hedgehogs, border highway, the poor animals often fall under the wheels of passing cars.

In captivity, the hedgehog, in principle, not capriciously, but because of his night life is highly vulnerable to certain trouble. The fact is that while a person is sleeping, the hedgehog can get into any small hole or narrow gap, to get stuck there and die. Some individuals in the impulse of his curiosity actually can jump from the balcony or from the high Desk. It also will not lead to anything good.
Hedgehogs are one of the few living beings who quietly and steadily react to the venom of vipers. In addition, they are weak poisons such as corrosive sublimate, arsenic and opium.

In addition, the contents hedgehogs at home implies and veterinary inspection which must be carried out punctually. Otherwise, the lifespan of a hedgehog, of course, reduced.

Advice 5: What to eat hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are very funny animals. These night "Toptygin" cause tenderness in children and adults. Probably, all know what they look like – a sort of spiky balls with short legs. But what do they eat?
What to eat hedgehogs

A little about the life of hedgehogs

Hedgehogs live not only in forests but also in the steppes. The back of the hedgehog is covered with six thousand of needles with a length of approximately 3 cm each. Needles have the original painting – at the top and bottom they are white, and in mid brown or black.

Hedgehog weight not exceeding pounds, but before hibernation he can "put on weight" by about a pound. Males usually larger than females. The eyes of this animal are black and round like buttons. Muzzle elongated, pointed toe. Teeth the hedgehog thirty-six.

The spines of the hedgehog are hollow. They are smooth to the touch and resemble hair. Also the needle is movable, because each of them is attached to the muscle. The "armor" of a hedgehog is constantly updated, and for a year it changes approximately a third of its barbed arms.

These cute little animals are loners by nature. In nature even a couple of hedgehogs do not get along in the same area. Each individual plot on which the hedgehog holds several nests that are well hidden, and to discover them quite difficult.

What sounds like these prickly animals? Probably the most characteristic – stamping. Also hedgehogs snuffle and snort.

The male never live with a female and cubs. The pups have a hedgehog appear mostly in the summer, once a year. Pregnancy lasts about 50 days. Newborn hedgehogs are usually completely defenseless, they are blind and naked. Primary needles appear in them after only a few hours after birth, dark spines break on the second day. Two weeks hoglets are already completely covered with needles.

Food hedgehogs

Hedgehogs living in the wild, are fed, as a rule, high-calorie food with high protein content. Basically, it's the bugs, larvae, worms, and other insects.

Hedgehogs rarely attack vertebrates, but sometimes can eat a small snake. The violence is pretty simple – reptiles simply eat the spine. As for plant food, hedgehogs prefer mushrooms, fruits, berries and acorns.

If the hedgehog lives in captivity, its menu is much more varied and interesting. As a rule, he eats eggs, meat, and bread. You can also feed your hedgehog a special food or food for ferrets.

Experts advise not to feed a hedgehog home foods, designed for cats and dogs because they contain an insufficient amount of protein. By the way, milk to feed it too, because hedgehogs are lactose intolerant. But they are happy to eat oatmeal or even ice cream.

Even hedgehogs need to give boiled meat and vegetables. They will be very happy if the owner will occasionally pamper them with crickets, grasshoppers, cockroaches and worms.
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