Advice 1: What are you afraid of hedgehogs

Looks like a hedgehog, you know literally everything, and from the very childhood. This small, spiny creature can often be found on the pages of children's books. However, in life, meeting him is not uncommon. Hedgehog animal brave and adaptable. He is not afraid of man and successfully get along with him, removing a considerable benefits. People, in turn, do not mind the appearance of barbed animals in their gardens, kitchen gardens or dachas. However, the hedgehog, as with any other wild animal, also have enemies. What and who are afraid of hedgehogs?
What are you afraid of hedgehogs

Where they live and what they eat hedgehogs



Only in the world, there are 23 species of hedgehogs. The hedgehog is widely distributed in all areas of the globe, except South America, Australia, Madagascar and Antarctica. In Russia it lives almost everywhere.

Hedgehogs live under tree roots, in abandoned burrows of rodents, in the thickets of a prickly Bush, under the driftwood, in piles of brushwood. Lead a single life, have and protect their individual foraging areas. On the plot hedgehogs build several nests, which are lined inside with leaves, dry grass, moss.

Day hedgehogs sleep in the shelter, curled into a ball, at dusk and hunt at night. Omnivorous. They feed mainly on insect larvae, beetles, slugs, earthworms and sometimes attack amphibians, reptiles, eat the eggs of ground-nesting birds. For eggs hedgehogs sometimes even get into the chicken coop. However, this rarely happens. Consume small animals and plant food – mushrooms, berries, fruit, acorns, roots. However, contrary to the opinion, formed under the influence of folk tales, fruit and mushrooms on the needles they are not.

In the winter months (late September - early October to April, when the temperature exceeds +15°C) hedgehogs hibernate. At this time, heart rate and respiratory activities are significantly reduced. However, if the animal is not managed in the summer to accumulate sufficient fat reserves during hibernation, he faces starvation. In particularly bad years in the period of hibernation kills up to 40% of adult animals and up to 85% of the young. In the wild, the lifespan of hedgehogs is from 2 to 7 years, in captivity up to 15.

Animal lovers willing to contain hedgehogs in the home, it is not difficult. In captivity they readily eat meat, bread, eggs, milk, oatmeal and even cat food. However, milk is unhealthy for animals as they naturally are lactose intolerant, cat food contains too much fat and not enough protein. In addition, the hedgehogs love ice cream.

The enemies of the prickly animals



Hedgehogs have excellent safety mechanism. In case of danger, the animal rolls up in a ball and puts out their sharp thorns. However, some predators have learned to cope with Ezhova protection. Foxes, wolves, ferrets, badgers prey on hedgehogs. The animals swim well, but not too fond of the water. They say that some predators face curled up in a ball hedgehog in the water, and when he turns to go, grab.

And large birds of prey such as owls and eagle owls, the needles do not worry. They hunt at night, at the same time as Jerzy. Owls and owls have long fingers and claws, and tough skin on the feet. So birds of prey are very dangerous for hedgehogs.

And the forest animals suffer from human activities. More paved roads and number of vehicles is increasing. Hedgehogs are not afraid of cars, but walking the pavement fear. And it was nothing but brave forest animals sometimes still dare to cross the road. And not always it ends happily for the hedgehog.

Advice 2: How and where to nest and live bees

Many people know about the life of bees. These hymenopterous insects are often found with the onset of summer. However, the next of kin of honeybees – bumblebees – virtually nothing is known of the simple townsfolk.
How and where to nest and live bees
Despite the fact that the size of Bumble bees are relatively large, this insect is peaceful and rarely sting. This circumstance explains the fact that the larvae and pupae of bumblebees, often become easy prey for foxes, rodents, badgers.

In the past these dangerous enemies, there is another troublemaker of the pack - ant, although the size of his much less. Colonies they destroy the larvae found in the nests of bumblebees.

Bees, like their relatives, bees and wasps are collecting nectar from plants while pollinating them, and produce honey, which they feed their offspring. But unlike bees, they harvest honey in store for winter, since the population of bees is dying, and winter is possible only to a young bumblebee uterus.
Bumble bees are beneficial insects, their complex and interesting life deserves to have people know about it a little more.



A nest of bumblebees




After awakening from its winter sleep, the female bumblebee is looking for a place to nest. For this purpose, can be a good approach abandoned mouse hole, a squirrel hole, etc the Main requirement for future living space – its closeness from drafts and isolation. This is necessary to maintain certain temperature conditions for rearing.

First and foremost, the uterus cleans found the lair from all unnecessary and redundant. Then lines the bottom with small grass, moss and feathers, creating the conditions for a first clutch. By the end of the construction of the nest takes on a rounded shape with jagged edges. Each of the formed cells is rebuilt after twice use.


Rearing




The process of nest-building goes on continuously all summer. At the time, as in the first cell filled with nectar and honey, are developing already hatched larvae in the uterus following only lays eggs. And so on without end.

Usually plugged in the power cell, only enough for the growth of the larva, and for the formation of the pupa of silky threads need an additional supply of nectar and honey. When growing the first batch of offspring this function is performed by the uterus of the bumblebee alone. Later helping her "older children".
Unlike wasps and bees that store honey reserves built in wax comb, the bees as cameras storage use their deserted after the release of the juveniles, cocoons.


The average family of bees consists of about 300 individuals by the end of summer. Larger nests are very rare.

Advice 3: What to eat hedgehogs

Hedgehogs are very funny animals. These night "Toptygin" cause tenderness in children and adults. Probably, all know what they look like – a sort of spiky balls with short legs. But what do they eat?
What to eat hedgehogs

A little about the life of hedgehogs


Hedgehogs live not only in forests but also in the steppes. The back of the hedgehog is covered with six thousand of needles with a length of approximately 3 cm each. Needles have the original painting – at the top and bottom they are white, and in mid brown or black.

Hedgehog weight not exceeding pounds, but before hibernation he can "put on weight" by about a pound. Males usually larger than females. The eyes of this animal are black and round like buttons. Muzzle elongated, pointed toe. Teeth the hedgehog thirty-six.

The spines of the hedgehog are hollow. They are smooth to the touch and resemble hair. Also the needle is movable, because each of them is attached to the muscle. The "armor" of a hedgehog is constantly updated, and for a year it changes approximately a third of its barbed arms.

These cute little animals are loners by nature. In nature even a couple of hedgehogs do not get along in the same area. Each individual plot on which the hedgehog holds several nests that are well hidden, and to discover them quite difficult.

What sounds like these prickly animals? Probably the most characteristic – stamping. Also hedgehogs snuffle and snort.

The male never live with a female and cubs. The pups have a hedgehog appear mostly in the summer, once a year. Pregnancy lasts about 50 days. Newborn hedgehogs are usually completely defenseless, they are blind and naked. Primary needles appear in them after only a few hours after birth, dark spines break on the second day. Two weeks hoglets are already completely covered with needles.

Food hedgehogs


Hedgehogs living in the wild, are fed, as a rule, high-calorie food with high protein content. Basically, it's the bugs, larvae, worms, and other insects.

Hedgehogs rarely attack vertebrates, but sometimes can eat a small snake. The violence is pretty simple – reptiles simply eat the spine. As for plant food, hedgehogs prefer mushrooms, fruits, berries and acorns.

If the hedgehog lives in captivity, its menu is much more varied and interesting. As a rule, he eats eggs, meat, and bread. You can also feed your hedgehog a special food or food for ferrets.

Experts advise not to feed a hedgehog home foods, designed for cats and dogs because they contain an insufficient amount of protein. By the way, milk to feed it too, because hedgehogs are lactose intolerant. But they are happy to eat oatmeal or even ice cream.

Even hedgehogs need to give boiled meat and vegetables. They will be very happy if the owner will occasionally pamper them with crickets, grasshoppers, cockroaches and worms.
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