Almost all the bones are hollow inside and therefore quite fragile. The clavicle accounts for about 15% of all fractures recorded by doctors. To diagnose in adults, such damage easily: the result of a fall on the elbow or extended arm, as well as from the blow on the shoulder is a bone fracture in its Central part. One half moves down and inwards and the other upwards and outwards. This kind of injury sometimes it can damage the skin and blood vessels. If the debris is sticking out, there is an open fracture.
Even if not broken skin, broken people will complain of pain in the clavicle at the slightest movement of the limb. At the site of injury swelling will appear, to the naked eye, you will see a shortening of the shoulder girdle. Difficulties with children can occur in the following: kids, falling during the game, I'm afraid to admit, and complain about the pain they start later.
Dislocations of the clavicle, which is attached to the sternum, almost never happen, but the outer end - acromial end, are often susceptible to damage. The injured person will feel discomfort with arm movement after exercise. In a relaxed position, the pain will manifest weakly or not at all will be felt. Trauma can be diagnosed by palpation. Sometimes in place of a dislocation this results in swelling of small size.
Compression of the cervical roots
Pain in the clavicle is sometimes reflected, not direct. Concomitant symptoms will point out that the causes of the problems are in the spine, and not in the bone. Due to compression of nerve endings pain moves to the collarbone. If she is accompanied, for example, feeling that numb the area behind the ear or swollen tongue - it means there was a clip of the third root of the spinal cord. If the heart hurts, bothers hiccups, trouble swallowing and a lump in the throat, in the fourth root. In any case we need to quickly refer to the neurologist.
Myositis or inflammation of the skeletal muscles
Myositis is characterized by dull pain under the clavicle when walking and sometimes at rest. Due to this disease the fibers of the muscles are affected and are in constant tension. In the transition to a chronic stage inside the muscle fibers formed of solid nodules. Myositis is most often distributed on the muscles of the back, neck and shoulders. May be formed as a result of injury or chronic tension, stress and poor posture while doing things.
Metastases in supraclavicular and subclavian lymph nodes
Pain under the clavicle may occur due to metastases in the lymph nodes. Discomfort occurs when malignant processes in the lungs, undifferentiated cancer, cancer of the gastrointestinal tract. The supraclavicular lymph nodes may indicate prostate cancer or the lungs. Metastases in infraclavicular lymph nodes can cause cancer of the breast or lung. Enlarged supraclavicular nodes are alarming symptom denoting tumours in the abdomen or sternum.
Advice 2 : What to do if a sore collarbone
Clavicle – the two bones of the human body, which are hollow. One end attaches to the scapula, and the other is connected to the breastbone. Problems with them are quite rare, but not impossible.
Causes of pain in the collarbone
The most common cause of pain in the collarbone is a fracture, because they are very fragile. To put this diagnosis is quite simple: as a result of a blow or a fall is fracture of the Central part of the bone. Often damaged skin and blood vessels. But, even if it's a closed injury, the person complains of discomfort at the slightest movement. Observed shortening of the girdle, formed a swelling.
Also quite common are sprains, especially at the acromial end. After an injury the person is not experiencing pain, if the loads are weak or absent. Otherwise, the injury makes itself felt. Sometimes the damage is formed swelling.
In some cases the pain in the clavicle is reflected. For example, it may appear with compression of the nerve endings of the spine. But if the discomfort is accompanied by numbness behind the ear, it is likely that there was a clip of the third root of the spinal cord.
Pain under the left clavicle on the exhale or the inhale is not always about what the person has heart problems. If the EKG shows no abnormalities, then these symptoms indicate a syndrome about heartache, or pseudokoningii. It can be caused by neuralgia of the ribs or thoracic or osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
Pain in the collarbone can also be caused by inflammation of the shoulder joint. Her appearance has nothing to do with physical exertion. Most often seen in the night time. Externally, to determine the presence of this deviation is almost impossible, because the affected area looks healthy.
Treatment of pain in the collarbone
The treatment will depend on diagnosis. If the cause of pain is fracture, the arm will need to be supported by slings, as well as not to burden her.
Slings along with pain relievers help to find the damaged bone recovery. But in some cases may require surgical intervention, for example, when there was a grinding of bone, the penetration parts through the skin or shortening of the clavicle. The surgery entails the fixing with a steel or titanium plate, which is attached with screws.
Surgical treatment of fracture of the clavicle has many disadvantages, for example, separation of bone fragments or infection. Healing of damaged parcel will depend on the health of the patient, his age and injury severity. In adults, this period may take a month, the children for two weeks.
Most often damage and fractures of the clavicle occur in people who are engaged in active sports. Therefore, in order to prevent injuries, you need to wear protective clothing.