Classification of laxatives
Laxatives vary according to the method and mechanism of exposure. Some of them urge the intestine to increase evacuation activities, providing a stimulating effect on the nerve endings of the mucous membrane. To this group of laxatives include the assets of natural origin: castor oil, "Plantex" or buckthorn bark and artificially created drugs, for example, "Bisacodyl".
A very important stage of digestion that occurs in the intestine is the absorption of water from the slurry of feces. The next group of laxatives prevents its absorption. The mass of feces is increased, it stimulates the intestines and encourages him to defecate. Such tools include: magnesia, Glauber's salt and magnesium sulfate.
The next category of laxatives affects not condition intestines, and on the physical characteristics of feces. For example, in the use of seaweed the amount of feces increases, thanks to the agar-agar contained in it. Such action have funds: "Macrogol" and "Lactones".
There are combined preparations exhibiting a strong laxative effect. These include: "Isaman", "Normall" and "But".
All laxatives differ in their intensity of impact on the body. The choice of medication depends first of all from its application. There are ponosnye laxatives used for preoperative bowel cleansing: "Sorbitol" and "glucitol " sorbitol"". These laxatives are applied and before fasting.
Another group of drugs effective in the treatment of constipation, increases motor activity in the intestine and facilitate withdrawal of the stool: "Cisapride" and "Tegaserod".
Prevention of constipation
Very often, chronic constipation is caused by disease of the digestive system and gastrointestinal tract. Before using medicines, you can try to improve the situation using the following guidelines:
after waking up for thirty to forty minutes before Breakfast, drink one or two glasses of room temperature water. Using this procedure clears the stomach and start the digestive process;
- to carry out the massaging of the abdomen.
Active lifestyle, healthy eating, presence in the diet of large amounts of raw vegetables and fruits will improve peristalsis and prevent constipation. If treatment requires medication, you must first consult with a specialist.