How to get to Solovki in Karelia
From cities of Central Russia to the Solovetsky Islands can be reached through the town of Kem. In this small ancient town, which was the center of the legendary Kem parish, there is a railway station, where trains arrive from Moscow, St. Petersburg and Petrozavodsk. In short, before Kemi can be reached by any train which goes to Murmansk. Kem ' and Solovki binds water transport. To the attractions of the archipelago are sent to private boats and vessels of local navigation. But it is worth considering that the ships sent to Solovki Islands from the town of Kem, and from the village Rabocheostrovsk, where you can buy a ticket on the ship "Vasily Kosyakov" for about 800 rubles per trip one way. Boat to Solovki go to and from the city Belomorsk, which is also in Karelia. In this case, the ticket will be more expensive by 100-200 rubles, as the distance to the Solovki out more than the Rabocheostrovsk.
In the summer season to the Solovetsky Islands can be reached even from Moscow. In this case, the ship is moving on the white sea canal, and on its way passes the lot of landscape beds. Stop in Solovki lasts for hours.
Flights to Solovetsky Islands
On the territory of Bolshoy Solovetsky island has an airport, able to accommodate small planes. Flights from Solovki is from Arkhangelsk. From the airport "vaskovo" on the Solovetsky Islands, you can fly to the small Czech L-410 aircraft and the other civil Arkhangelsk airport "Talagi" once a week to Solovki you can fly on An-2. It should be noted that, if desired, from Arkhangelsk to the Solovetsky Islands you can go by boat.
Planning an independent visit to the Solovetsky Islands, it is necessary beforehand to know about the upcoming weather. Storms here can last for several days and during the unrest of the sea links with the mainland ceases.The cost of tickets for a cruise liner on route Arkhangelsk-Solovki will be about 8000-12000 rubles for a Suite cabin. But you can buy a ticket to the cabins without beds. Its price for per one-way trip will be about 1500 rubles.
Advice 2 : Attractions Solovki
Solovki: what to watch
Solovetsky Islands like no other place in Russia, surrounded by a great number of mysteries, secrets, an aura of inhuman suffering and spirituality. These harsh Northern Islands attract people, it requires a special, thoughtful attitude to life, ability to contemplate and to penetrate to the essence of things. Located in the cold White sea, Solovetsky archipelago, particularly the island of Bolshoy Solovetsky very popular with those interested in the history of the Russian Orthodox Church and wants to worship the Holy places, which are called the spiritual heart of Russia. Solovki, places of interest, which at the hearing, and today waiting to be explored.
Stay on Solovki will also appeal to those who are close to the theme of asceticism and the usual everyday heroism of people who in such harsh conditions was able to arrange his life, but for many centuries to set an example to others of selfless service to God. In the 20-30-ies of the last century the Valaam island of the Solovetsky archipelago became a symbol of the suffering and death of many innocent souls – this aura stayed with him forever. Today the Solovetsky Islands is a popular tourist destination. Tourists will impress tpkoe attractions of the Solovki, as:
- the majestic white walls of convents, built by hand from stones;
- a network of manmade navigation channels created in the 16th century by the local monks;
- one-mile dam, connecting together the several Islands;
- the famous Botanical garden;
- dock for ship repair.
The first ancient monastery of Solovki there was an ulterior motive on the Islands of the archipelago are found several hundred architectural complexes of great historical value, including large sanctuary and pagan shaman – the most ambitious in the whole Russian North. Most of the constructions found here, historians refer to the stone age, but the exact time of occurrence of objects, no one knows. No one can say anything about their builders, it leaves room for scientific research and imagination.
Solovetsky monastery: a place of Holiness and obedience
All the wonders awaiting travelers here, are countless, however the majority of those who visit Solovki cheap tours here – not a defining moment when choosing a route, because, being aware about these places, as the spiritual heart of the country, many people still do not fully comprehend what they actually have to face Solovki something to see Often personal impressions from the first visit to Solovki are so strong that travelers are eager to come back here again, as in the home where they are welcome.
Visiting Solovki in different time of year, you can get quite different impressions: winter – the Northern lights and the harsh silence of the polar night, the short white nights in the summer. Pristine lakes, untouched nature, plenty of Orthodox shrines: abandoned and temples, monastic hermitages created widespread fame attractions of the Solovetsky Islands not only in Russia but also abroad.
Advice 3 : Journey across Russia: Solovetsky Islands
- Of Anzersk,
- Small Sacci,
- - Bolshaya Muksalma,
- Malaya Muksalma's Translation
and more than a hundred small Islands. In 1992 the Solovetsky archipelago is included in the world heritage list of UNESCO.
The territory of the Islands and their surrounding waters are today a nature reserve. In the archipelago there are about 630 of rivers and lakes. The special microclimate of the Solovetsky Islands due to its geographical position – 165 km from imaginary line of the Arctic circle. In winter the temperature can drop to -45 degrees and the short summer and frequent rains contribute to the constant dampness. Despite the weather conditions, bad roads, and poorly developed infrastructure, visit Solovetsky Islands seeks more and more tourists. Rich history, many monuments of culture and archeology, nature and animal world of the North, the Solovetsky monastery and Solovetsky special purpose camp (SLON) – all this attracts those, who are going to visit this place.
Solovetsky monastery and fortress
In the XV century, a monk of the Valaam monastery of the monk Savvatii and Herman arrived at Solovki in search of a solitary place for prayer and reflection. Where is now Savvatievo skit, they erected a cross and built a cell, and so began the history of the Solovetsky monastery. More than five years, Herman and savvatiy spent in prayer and diligent labor, in 1435 savvatiy died. In his place, Herman has led a young monk Zosima all that on the first day of stay on the island had a wonderful temple. In the place where Zosima all had a vision hermits built a Church in the name of the Transfiguration. Having heard about such a unique place on the island began to arrive, and other residents. In 1436 the Archbishop Jonah gave permission for the establishment of the monastery. Abbot of the monastery was Zosima.
During the war, in 1571, when a number of Solovki appeared Swedish ships, Ivan the terrible adopts the decision on the construction of a wooden fortress. But in 1582 instead of the wooden one begins construction of a stone fortress. In its history, the Solovetsky monastery has experienced many sad events – the Solovetsky uprising, which lasted 8 years, attack by British ships during the Crimean war and throughout its existence it served as a place of exile. In 1920 the monastery was closed, and later at the monastery organized the Solovetsky special purpose camp (SLON), which in 1937 transformed into the Solovetsky prison special purpose (GROAN). The revival of the monastery began only in 1967 – on the Solovki was created Museum-reserve. Since 1990, opens the Spaso-Preobrazhensky monastery, which operates to this day.
The Islands were used by people in the V century BC and the III century BC there was built a pagan temple - maze. The Solovetsky labyrinths or North is the spiral image, composed of small stones. Mazes a variety of sizes - from 1 to 25 meters, height of not more than 50 cm On the Solovetsky archipelago found one of the largest accumulations of labyrinths – at least 35 known to date and many different stone formations and embankments. The greatest part of the stone labyrinths located on a Large SATCOM the island. Still not set the value data of labyrinths, but their historical and cultural value is undeniable.
On the territory of the Solovetsky Islands can also be seen:
Negotiating a stone monument dedicated to the events of the Crimean war.
To ensure that all necessary monastery was made a lot of pieces, for storage of various supplies throughout the territory were built in special hermitages. Now it is known that on Large Solovetskii island was founded by three main skit – Savvatievo skit (vegetable), a skit on the Sekirnaya mountain (berry), Isakovsky skit (fishing and hay). The Hermitage on the island-Bolshaya Muksalma was the farmyard and the Big island SATCOM was founded by Andrew Skeet – the "sea gate" of Solovki.
Big Solovetsky dam
The dam is a unique structure that connects the Islands-Bolshaya Muksalma Bolshoy Solovetsky and. In the monastery was forbidden to keep cattle, so it was decided to build a Hermitage for its content on a nearby island. The lack of land communication between the Islands snaring. In the mid-nineteenth century, it was decided to build a bridge-dam. The dam is built of large boulders and sand, has a length of 1200 meters.
The Botanical garden was founded by the Archimandrite Macarius, in 1822. The garden is located between two lakes. There are more than 500 species of plants, some of them were planted by the monks in 1870, and some prisoners of the Solovki prison. Although the territory of the Solovetsky archipelago and is a conservation area, is open for fishing and picking mushrooms and berries.