Advice 1: How to change front strut on the Lada Kalina

Knock in the area of the wheel housings or leaking fluid on the front strut of the car Lada Kalina indicate the need to replace them. This process is quite time consuming, but it is quite possible to hold their own.
Set of front struts
About a day before the start of work, all connections of the a-pillar of the car Lada Kalina to be treated with lubricant WD–40, this will facilitate the loosening of nuts, soured and will allow you to change the front rack.

Tool



Please prepare the necessary tools and devices:

Wrenches 13, 17, 19, special wrench for the top nut of the shock absorber.
You will also need a spring puller, a device for steering a wheel of the finger thrust, Jack, wheel wrench.

Work order



Car set on flat ground, to put under the rear wheels and wheel bars brake Parking brake. Loosen the bolts of the front wheels.

Front suspension struts are replaced only as a pair. If the failed one, changing both, regardless of the state of the other.


Jacking the front of the vehicle, and to substitute stops and remove the front wheels. In order to avoid short circuits, disconnect terminals and remove the battery.

Remove from the bracket on the a-pillar rubber seal along with the brake hose. On the car system ABS is required to disconnect and remove the wheel speed sensor.

Straighten and pull the cotter pin retaining bracket nut ball joint tie rod. Loosen and remove the nut finger ball joint from the steering knuckle-front. For a wheel to use a special puller, hammering is strongly discouraged.

To remember or sketch the position of the upper eccentric bolt in the strut bracket, to the Assembly install the bolt in the same position. This would roughly save the setting alignment.

Remove the two nuts and remove both bolts securing the strut to the steering knuckle. Bring the eye of the knuckle bracket a-pillar.

Inside the engine compartment remove the three nuts securing the strut to the front glass. Hold the strut from falling out! Pull the rack down through the gap under the front wheel.

An arrow located on the upper part of the strut should point forward.


Install the front telescopic shock strut in the reverse order. When installing be sure to install the eccentric washer in the same position and hold the bolt from turning, tighten the nut.

After completing all installation work, be sure to check and adjust the angles of wheel alignment on a special stand.

Advice 2: If not start Lada Kalina

Your car is hard to start, or even refuses to do it? The reasons can be many and one of them, a fairly common failure in the fuel module.
If not start Lada Kalina



You turned on the ignition,but instead of a smooth engine operation suddenly heard that the starter is at idle. Try to turn off the ignition and after 40 seconds turn it on again. When you enable listen to the fuel pump. In Kalina, it is submersible and located inside the gas tank, under the rear seat.

If the situation is repeated, do not be nervous, do not panic. Start with a purge of cylinders. Perhaps before your machine is signalled you fault and too plant is not the first time and you want to help her, when you start to squeeze the accelerator pedal, resulting in "the Bay" candles. In this case, the blowing cylinders will help you to dry the spark plugs.

If this procedure helped a little, and you just feel that the car seems to lack "power" to start, then this could be a problem in the fuel module, which consists of a plastic Cup, cap, fuel pump, holder, fuel pump, pressure regulator, two corrugated tubes, filter mesh, float and fuel level sensor.

Often the fault that the car is hard to start or won't start at all, is a fracture of one of the tubes. Over time, they are like frozen and they appear microcracks. Also over time, failures in the DUT, and as it turned out, in practice,this item is for Lada Kalina is a real defetsit!

And since it is not always possible to immediately determine the cause of deterioration of vehicle operation, the fuel pump in case of occurrence of cracks in gofrirovannyi tubes have to work in a higher mode, which speeds up its deterioration.

In this case, the appropriateness to change the entire fuel module Assembly. Besides, the amount is not very expensive and you will save your time in search of parts to it.

Opening the hatch under the rear seat, you will get access to the module. Otsoedinaut pad wires by pressing on the spring clips, disconnect alternately the lugs of the fuel tubes from the fittings of the cover of the fuel module,put a screwdriver in the protrusion clamping ring so that the blade of the screwdriver simultaneously included into the recess in the flange of the fuel tank,wherein the ring is slightly rotated counterclockwise.Moving the screwdriver to the other ledges, gradually turns the ring. This is the most difficult part of the replacement module.Take out the fuel module from the tank when removing the float, be careful not to break it. Serviceable spare parts someone may find useful. Remove the rubber gasket, inspect it for wear and damage.

The installation of a new fuel module carry out in the reverse sequence.
When you install the module into the tank, the arrow on the fuel cap module must be sent back (towards trunk). The arrows on the fittings of the flap of the module indicate the direction of fuel movement.

Fuel tubing fits on the fittings of the module until it clicks spring clamps. Connecting the terminal wire to the negative battery terminal, start up the engine and check tightness of connections of fuel tubes.

That's all, enjoy smooth engine and power your car!
Good luck way!


Advice 3: How to change the spark on the Lada Kalina

Lada Kalina – a people's car. And as expected the people's car, it is simple in terms of design and maintainability. Many of the operations associated with the maintenance and repair of machines available for self-fulfillment in a home garage, including replacement of spark plugs.
How to change the spark on the Lada Kalina
You will need
  • - new plugs;
  • key to 10;
  • - candle key of 16;
  • round probes.
Instruction
1
According to the requirements of the operating instructions, standard spark plugs replace new every 30 thousand kilometers; candles with a platinum or iridium electrode – every 60 thousand. Only use candles that are recommended by the manufacturer.
2
Open the hood and remove the engine beauty cover. On 16-valve engine, press the locking button and disconnect the harness connector at the ignition module. Loosen the mounting bolt of the ignition module located on the head cover unit. Then remove the module from the spark channel. On 8-valve engine, remove the ignition coil and the tip of the high voltage wire from a candle. Candle key Unscrew and remove the candle from the candle well. After that, remove the candles from the rubber coupler key. Similarly, remove the spark plugs from other cylinders of the engine.
3
If the candle key does not have a rubber bushing or a magnetic insert, do this with the ignition module or the tip of the high-voltage wire. To do this, put the tip module or the high voltage wire to the insulator of the spark plug and remove it from the installation slot. Inspect fetched a candle and by its appearance, determine the condition of the engine.
4
New candles measure the gap with a round feeler gauge. Do not use blade probes – measurement results will be incorrect. It needs to be in the range of 1,0-1,1 mm. If the clearance is different from the recommended values that guide its adjustment. Its correction bend the side electrode up or down. In any case, do not adjust gap by bending center electrode – it will lead to breakage of an insulator of a candle. As is often in use, the gap increases, it is recommended to set it to the value of 1.0 mm.
5
When installing the new plugs, install them first hand, without the use of special tools. If the new candle is not suitable for carving, you will experience resistance to rotation. In this case, remove the candle and make sure its thread is not contaminated. When dirty, clean the thread and replace the candle once again. If the threads are clean, pick up another candle for installation on the engine. After that tighten a candle key, inserting it into the knob extension. Recommended tightening torque is 30-40 Nm. Excessive force when tightening may damage the thread in the candle holes of the head unit.
Useful advice
If possible, make sure to use the candlestick key had a rubber grommet or a magnetic insert. This will greatly facilitate the extraction of the spark out of the spark channel.

Advice 4: How to change the dipped beam on "Kalina"

Car headlights must be always serviceable, as they allow you to move around in the dark. So do not put off replacement lamps safety reasons. The car "Lada Kalina factory bulb in the middle light is very easily damaged and require immediate replacement.
How to change the dipped beam on "Kalina"
You will need
  • - new dipped beam;
  • - wrenches;
  • - screwdriver;
  • - cotton gloves;
  • - alcohol.
Instruction
1
Place the vehicle on a level surface. Open the hood. Remove the negative terminal protective cover. Using the key, Unscrew the nut of the terminal. Remove the terminal from the battery, thereby de-energized the power supply system of the vehicle. This precaution will help to avoid short-circuit.
2
Examine the book on the operation of the car Lada Kalina. It describes the procedure for replacing the lamp near and far light. Remove the headlamp Assembly from the connector. To do this, locate all the screws that secure it to the body. Gently remove them after memorizing the location of each of them. Don't mix up the screws when reassembling, otherwise you risk damaging the socket and the thread.
3
Locate the connector wires on the back side. Disconnect it.
4
Remove the headlamp housing from the connector with little effort. Wipe the headlight, as her body may be a lot of dust and dirt. On the back side locate the rubber plug. Remove it from the hole.
5
Disconnect the terminals from the bulb, remembering their location. Next you need to unfasten the latch. Latch is a small piece of wire holding the lamp. Gently slide it down half a centimeter.
6
Pull the old lamp out of the groove. Install a new one. In any case do not touch with bare hands the surface of the new lamp not to leave a greasy residue! Otherwise it will burn out when first turned on.
7
If you touched the bulb with your bare hand, then wipe the glass with alcohol. Assemble the headlight in the reverse order and install it in place. Check the efficiency of the new lamp.
Note
Be sure to disconnect the negative terminal from the battery before replacement! Only buy bulbs that are recommended for installation by the manufacturer.
Useful advice
Follow the replacement procedure in cotton gloves.
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