Advice 1: Does non-alcoholic beer to alcoholic beverages

Not so long ago in Russia a new law on the sale of alcoholic beverages. It prohibits the sale of any alcohol beverages in a night. In this regard arose and debate about whether non-alcoholic beer products, called alcoholic.
Does non-alcoholic beer to alcoholic beverages

What oznachaet the term "beer"?

To understand whether non-alcoholic beer alcoholic beverages, you must define such a drink as beer. On the basis of articles of the law on control of circulation and of production of ethyl alcohol or any alcoholic beverages, as well as the control of the use of these products (which, by the way, there is no question about the classification of beer "non-alcoholic" and "alcoholic"), you can read that beer is an alcohol product that comprises ethanol produced during fermentation of beer wort produced by brewing malt.
Also, the beer includes hops, water, brewer's yeast, flavoring and aromatic substances.

Apparently, this article beer is of the finished alcohol product, which contains not more than 0.5 percent of ethyl alcohol. And non-alcoholic beer is beer where the alcohol content is less than 0.5 percent. And it is produced by the removal of the finished product alkogolesoderzhaschie ethanol. From all the above we can conclude that since non-alcoholic beer contains less than 0.5 percent of ethyl alcohol, then by definition, this drink is not alcoholic beverages.
However, based on the same definition of beer, this drink can not be called.

And yet, the manufacturers call this drink the beer, and, consequently, from the General definition of beer, non-alcoholic beer could be considered an alcoholic product.

In some stores non-alcoholic beer you can buy, even at night, as sellers focus on what's in this drink no alcohol. If these stores decided not to carry non-alcoholic beer to alcoholic production, it is sometimes even sold to children. It turns out that the child has not attained the age of majority, can come back and buy any non-alcoholic beer. Such situation is absolutely dangerous, because even a 0.5% alcohol in each jar, may cause severe consequence, if you drink one beer, but several.

The effect of non-alcoholic beer on the human body

When used in small amounts, approximately 0.5 liters per day, beer acts as a source of minerals and vitamins. It is composed of nutrients such as proteins, sugars, bio-energetic elements. But because of a mistaken belief that beer is not very alcoholic drink in the last days they were much abused. Due to such irresponsible attitude to this drink, some people have beer dependence. In this case non-alcoholic beer can act as an alternative to the use of alcoholic beverages. It contains all the nutrients and a small amount of ethanol.

Scientists from Japan proved that beer improves the protective functions of the body from radiation. Found that after 0.5 liter of beer light varieties, 34% reduces the number of chromosome damage resulting from x-ray irradiation. This is due to the combination of biologically active substances contained in the drink with alcohol.

Advice 2: What made non-alcoholic beer

To make a choice in favor of non-alcoholic beer can be for various reasons. Some people drink this drink in the hope that he brings no harm to the body, others choose it, not to get drunk. Meanwhile, from regular beer it almost does not differ.
What made non-alcoholic beer
Non-alcoholic beer was first introduced in the US in 1919, the Reason for its invention was the "dry law" prohibiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages. The maximum content volume fraction of alcohol in the drink should not exceed 0.5. Exactly the same percentage contain modern varieties of non-alcoholic beer. So, once on the brink of ruin thanks to the new law, some of the biggest brewers have begun production of a beverage resembling beer. He had a pale brown color and had almost no taste, but was legal. After 13 years, the ban on alcohol was lifted, but new circumstances arose: many people loved the taste of a super easy, light beer. The brewers simply had to add a little more alcohol to the already existing low-alcohol beverage.
Statistics says that a person drinks several times more non-alcoholic beer at a time than it would to drink plain, out of a sense of "bottoms".

How is non-alcoholic beer?

Soft or "zero" beer at the beginning of production no different from the usual, i.e. it is also made from malt, hops and water and goes through the whole process from cooking of wort and jam mash before fermentation. The difference is that in the end the beer is packaged into bottles, and soft - no. From it is necessary to remove the alcohol. The most common method - heating. However, the result is a drink that can be drunk, but without any pleasure, since heat changes its smell and taste. To avoid this, brewers invented the vacuum distillation of beer, in which process the beer is heated not strongly.

Another method is called reverse osmosis. The liquid passes through the filter so hard that I can leak just alcohol and water. Then out of the water is evaporated the alcohol, and her return back into the viscous mix of sugars and flavorings. And, indeed, the result is a beverage, similar in taste to beer. After the alcohol is removed, non-alcoholic beer needs to be carbonated. Beer that ferments the sugar and alcohol, its members, and is saturated with carbon dioxide. It would be possible to run the fermentation process and non-alcoholic beer, however, difficult to calculate how much to add yeast and sugar to alcohol not exceed 0.5%. So brewers prefer carbonated drink is carbon dioxide.
Scientists believe that non-alcoholic beer can also be addictive resembling an addiction.

Is it harmful non-alcoholic beer?

To be honest, beer is beer with rather low alcohol content. And don't think that his weak fortress has no load on the heart, pancreas and kidneys. This, of course, vodka, but not harmless carbonated product. It can't drink for children, pregnant and nursing mothers, as it has the same Toxicological effect as any alcoholic beverage. The exposure dose depends only on how much you drank. Besides, any beer is a natural phytoestrogen, hence all sorts of effects of female hormones on the body.

Advice 3: How to make non-alcoholic beer

Non-alcoholic beer taste is virtually indistinguishable from a regular drink. And ingredients for its preparation are used the same. The main difference is in the manufacturing process. Technology of production of non-alcoholic beer is much more complicated.
Non-alcoholic beer
The first stage of production of non-alcoholic beer is the soaking of barley grains, which later is heated to a certain temperature. Thus obtained malt, which is the basis for any variety of beer.
The malt is dried, carefully ground and mixed with hops. At this stage, it turns out a special mash, which after mixing with the yeast starts the fermentation process.
There are several methods of making non-alcoholic beer. In order for the fermentation process there is alcohol, this procedure is specifically interrupted. This is done by a sharp drop in the heating temperature. After this treatment, the beer is carefully filtered.
The second method of manufacturing a non-alcoholic beer is the removal of alcohol from already cooked the usual drink. In this case, a method is thorough evaporation. The beer is heated to 60 degrees, resulting in turns into a soft drink.
The removal of the alcohol can be carried out by vacuum distillation or conventional evaporation. Please note that the chosen technology will be the future of the beverage. When using distillation, the beer is almost impossible to distinguish from the conventional bright varieties, in the second case, there is a pretty distinct flavor.
The most expensive and time-consuming technology for the production of non-alcoholic beer is membrane method. It is carried out by means of special membranes, called dialysis and Osmose. These components, when released into the beer, gradually break down alcohol, making the drink the nonalcoholic variety.
Beer is one of the most popular beverages in the world. That is why manufacturers are constantly developing new production technologies, offering consumers a completely new grade. Some of them in the manufacture of non-alcoholic beer using a special variety of yeast.
Non-alcoholic beer first appeared on the shelves in the 1970-ies. A new drink was invented with the aim of combating alcoholism.
Useful advice
Non-alcoholic beer contains a little more than 1% alcohol. After drinking this drink there is absolutely no changes in the body.

Advice 4: Where prohibited drinking of alcoholic beverages

Drinking alcoholic beverages in public places is an administrative violation. But to prosecute those who have committed the offence, it is necessary to clearly set the terms of public places.
Where prohibited drinking of alcoholic beverages

The list of public places

The main objective of the Law limiting the consumption of alcoholic beverages – promotion of healthy lifestyles, and raising the level of culture of consumption of alcoholic beverages. In accordance with the requirements of the Law, of alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks are prohibited for consumption:
- in the premises of government bodies and bodies of state power;
- in educational institutions, and sports venues;
- establishments of culture and health;
- in public transport.
There is also a number of places where prohibited consumption of alcohol and alcoholic beverages are public telephones and elevators.

Where it is impossible to trade in alcoholic beverages and what is the minimum age

Prohibits the sale of alcohol to persons under 21 years of age. In connection with the cases of sale of alcohol beverages in areas not foreseen for these purposes is not permitted the implementation of these products with hands in trading places children's goods on the territory of educational institutions.

Amendments to the articles of the Law governing the consumption of alcohol during mass events.
Reason for attraction to administrative responsibility is the drinking of alcoholic drinks and beer in parks, squares and on the street, and also the appearance in public places in a drunken state, which entails the Commission of acts that offend the honour and dignity .
Drinking of alcoholic beverages is prohibited in the workplace, in the premises of organizations and institutions. The law provides for the prevention or penalty imposing on citizens consuming alcohol in the workplace.

What are you drinking?

The legitimacy of the use of these beverages depends on the percentage of its spite, i.e. the fortress. If the product contains less than 12% ethyl alcohol, it is classified as low-alcohol drinks, and with alcohol content over 12% is alcoholic beverages. Low alcohol products is forbidden to use all forms of public transport and children's, educational and medical institutions. In the list of places where you can't drink hard liquor even more.

To appreciate the advantage of sparkling wine or flavored wine in restaurants, bars and other specially designated areas. In view of the increasing cases of hooliganism on Board aircraft, to drink brandy and whiskey on Board ships is prohibited. This does not apply to beer. Regarding the use of alcohol in nature, there is a controversial issue. The law does not define the status of the locations on the banks of rivers, lakes and other areas. But a picnic with drinking alcohol on the recreation area or Park is an offence. Today serious offense is driving while drunk. No matter the car is in motion or not. Also the fine you have to pay of parents whose children drink alcohol.

Advice 5: How to obtain a license for alcoholic beverages

To obtain a license for trade in alcohol products is not easy. This procedure is lengthy and requires certain practical skills. You can contact a law firm which will undertake to assist in obtaining a license, but you can do it yourself.
How to obtain a license for alcoholic beverages
To purchase a licence for trade in alcoholic beverages is required to gather a considerable set of documents. The list can be found in the departments concerned with licensing. It includes more than twelve documents.
Write an application for a license to the appropriate Agency. Attach copies of all constituent documents and certificates on registration and statement on the account in tax authority.
Take the tax inspection certificate on absence of arrears of fees, fines and penalties. Please note that the validity of this certificate is 90 days.
The place of trade in alcoholic beverages must comply with sanitary-epidemiological norms, it is necessary to take the conclusion in the SES.
Call the specialist in fire safety, which must make a finding of compliance.
Sign a contract for security services if you intend to sell alcohol containing more than 15% ethanol. This agreement must also be attached to the application on granting the license.
Make a copy of the registration card kontrolno-the cash register.
Take care of the document of rent or ownership of premises, which will sell alcoholic beverages.
After the application and package of documents for a license you must attend a Commission that will examine the institution for compliance with the standards and requirements.
Make sure that the trading floor in a prominent place hung a copy of the law "On protection of consumer rights", were in good condition fire extinguishers were safe, the floor plan of evacuation. Can check the log sanitizing premises from rodents, and the availability of sanitary books at sellers.
The license is given for a period of one year to five years. Depending on that varies the amount of the fee. It also depends on the type of trade and number of outlets.
Then the license can be extended, the procedure is greatly simplified. To do this, submit the application for renewal with a package of documents for a month before the end of the license term.
Trade without a license or in the presence of an expired license threatened civil, administrative and even criminal liability.
Useful advice
*For sale beer license is not needed.

*If you intend to sell spirits, the total sales area and storage space shall be not less than 50 sq. m.
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