You will need
- - nifedipine 10 mg;
- - captopril 25 mg;
- - metoprolol 50 mg.
Limit the use of attorney of salt 1/2 - 1 teaspoon per day. In the process of cooking, do not salt it, and add salt in a bowl with a ready-made dish, so it will be easier to control the quantity. Salt contains sodium, which once in the body retains fluid, causing an increase in pressure.
Eat more vegetables and fruits, lean meat and fish. Reduce the amount of butter, fatty meat, sausages, fried potatoes in your diet. Thus you reduce fats intake into the body, and they will not be deposited on the walls of the arteries. Fatty plaque on the walls of vessels reduces their elasticity, which leads to hypertension.
Exercise. Not necessarily Jogging or Cycling, it could even be just walking at a slow pace. Choose the type of physical activity that does not cause you shortness of breath and other discomfort. Exercise combined with diet will help you lose weight. Every 10 pounds of weight that you get rid, reduce systolic pressure by 10 mm. Even if you have normal weight, do physical exercise, they will improve the tone of the cardiovascular system.
Abstain from alcohol and nicotine. They reduce the ability of the vascular wall to relax that is objectively manifested by increased systolic blood pressureM.
Consult your doctor to ensure that he picked you the optimum combination of drugs that reduce blood pressure. Taking these drugs measure the pressure 2 times a day and storing the obtained data in a special diary. Also describe their subjective sensations. The diary will help the doctor to adjust the dose of drugs.
If you suddenly have risen sharply pressure, take one of the following drugs: nifedipine, captopril, metoprolol. Nifedipine (cordaflex, conifer, cordafen) 1 capsule (10 mg) take inside, squeezed small amounts of water. Captopril (capoten, tensiomin) ½ tablet (12.5 mg) under the tongue, the dose can be increased to 2 tablets. Metoprolol (egilok) ½ tablet (25 mg) under the tongue, the dose can also be increased to 2 tablets. If after 30-40 minutes the pressure has not decreased, then call the ambulance or seek medical attention.
Are two indicators of blood pressure: Systolic (upper) arterial pressure is level of pressure of blood at the moment of maximum contraction of the heart. The higher the blood pressure, the higher the risk of developing such dangerous diseases, such as coronary heart disease, stroke, heart attack, kidney failure.
High pressure can enlarge and weaken the heart and damage the coronary arteries and contributing to atherosclerosis and myocardial infarction. Blood pressure is characterized by indicator consisting of two numbers: the systolic, or top, is the pressure acting on the walls of the arteries in the moments of heart contraction, and diastolic, or lower, in between them.
Advice 2: How to increase water pressure
If insufficient water supply pressure water, install a special charge station. In the case of uneven pressure, for example, reduce it with increased drinking water, select a special accumulator. In the General case, the pressure of water can be increased by increasing the height of the column above the tap.
You will need
- You will need a pumping station, a pressure tank with an extra capacity water tank.
The increase in the pressure of the water in the water. To raise the pressure of the water in the pipes, check the pipes if they are clogged, change them. If not the pipes, install a pumping station. For this cut the piece of pipe immediately upon entering the water pipes in the apartment. Cut the threads on the scraps of pipe and insert a pump. For normal operation of the machine it is necessary that the pressure in the water was not less than 0.2 ATM., in this case, water power station will be enough to maintain normal pressure. Below the station operates in the standalone mode, install pressure gauge and adjust it to a certain value. For example, the station will activate only when the pressure in the water main falls below 0.8 ATM. When using the station, note that when enabled, the neighbors , the pressure of the water may drop to critical values.
In that case, if the water disappears altogether, use the system with accumulator. He is a reservoir in which is located the sensor of level of waterthat is triggered if the level of water inside the tank falls. To the tank connected to the pump which turns on when you open the tap. The system continues to work as long as there is water in the tank. Once in the water again the water tank is filled independently. In front of the entrance of water be sure to install the filter. In the selection of the tank expect the water in it should be fully updated within two days.
The increase in the pressure of the water in the tank. If there is a system of the crane capacity, in order to increase the pressure of the water in the tap, raise the level of water in any way. The easiest way – just add water into the tank. The higher the liquid column, the more pressure. Second option: raise the reservoir elevation, connecting it with a tap flexible tube. Pressure water will be directly proportional to the liquid level rise.
Advice 3: How to reduce systolic blood pressure
Called systolic pressureassociated with the contraction of the heart at the time of ejection of blood into the aorta, where blood flows in small arteries and capillaries. The tonometer records the top pressure at the time of filling of the aorta, and the relaxation of the heart and the blood enters smaller vessels that are measured bottom pressure. Increase in systolic blood pressure occurs due to constriction of the arteries and arterioles. Affects the heart and brain – heart attacks, strokes, ischemia, angina, memory disorder.
Diagnosis of hypertension is based on the data of regular measurements of blood pressure (BP), examination of the fundus, electrocardiogram.
To reduce pressure, there are a number of drugs. Is – ACE inhibitors ("Fosinopril", "Monopril"), beta-blockers ("Concor"), angiotensinii receptor blocker ("Losartan"), diuretics ("Arifon"), calcium antagonists ("Amlodipine").
In the initial stages of hypertension non-drug treatment try. First and foremost is the reduction of body weight. It is believed that every 10 pounds lost 20 points lower systolic blood pressure. Novice hypertensive patients should not be afraid of intense physical activity: gymnastics, intense walking 30-45 minutes a day, swimming, Biking, tennis, skiing etc.
Nutrition is an important factor in reducing systolic blood pressure. The basis of the diet – low-fat dairy products, fruits, vegetables, vegetable oil, sea fish, poultry, bran. Significantly reducing the consumption of animal fats, sweets, sugary drinks can decrease the systolic pressure by 10-15 points.
Salt for high blood pressure – the enemy №1. Limit your intake of sodium chloride and 2.4 grams per day, and keep in mind contained in the food.
Do not overdo alcoholic beverages. Not more than 30 ml per day – men, half – women.
Use the experience of folk medicine. A mixture of vegetable juice with honey and lemon, pomegranate, lemon, garlic, herbs, bee products, efficient means not simply reduce, and stabilize systolic blood pressure, maintain normal state.
Give up Smoking. It contributes to the narrowing and acceleration of hardening of the arteries. Smoking is the main risk factor of myocardial infarction. Regular Smoking causes permanent chemical changes in the body that contribute to high blood pressure.
Avoid stressful situations. Through the release of adrenaline in the blood, the heart has to beat more often, pumping more blood volume. This leads to increased pressure. If the stress continues for a long period, then such load is accelerated wear of vessels.
Hypertension is considered "home" disease, when the main steps to control the disease and its treatment must realize the patient himself.