Criminal records of all individuals are stored in databases of the Main information-analytical center of the Ministry of internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, and also in information centres of the MVD, GUVD, UVD of the regions of the Russian Federation.
Information about criminal records is highly confidential and could be provided only at the request of the competent authorities, officers or operational staff. Information on cancellation of conviction is public and can be issued on request of a person. To check a criminal record, or rather, her absence of the person hired, there are several ways.
Method the first. Fill in the mandatory questionnaire item indicating the presence or absence of a criminal record. When collecting information from a specific person, ask him a proof of no criminal record. According to the MIA order № 965 "On approval of the instruction about the order of granting to citizens of certificates of presence (absence) convictions" from 01.11.2001 year, every citizen can freely obtain this information. However, according to the instructions, the applicant for obtaining certificate of good conduct required to appear in person with your passport to the information centre of the Ministry of interior, police Department or police Department at the place of residence.
The second way. Submit a request for verification of the candidate in the presence or absence of a criminal record through a private security company. For this purpose issue a request through the personnel Department, who in turn give it to the security service. The security service is an authorized entity, so at her request, the information service of the MVD, GUVD or UVD will provide all the necessary information about requested person.
Advice 2: When a conviction is repaid
When a person has been convicted for his crime, saying that it has a criminal record. Its presence negatively affects daily life. Over time, the conviction can be expunged. After this the man is fully restored in their rights.
What is a criminal record
Under the conviction should be to understand the specific status of the person who committed the crime and incurred the punishment. A person with convictions largely limits their rights and opportunities. Having a criminal record, a person may not hold certain positions or to exercise certain activities. In addition, if a person has previous convictions, he may be denied entry into the country. Also, a criminal record can be an aggravating circumstance when a person committing another offence.
Persons having criminal record for Commission of grave and especially grave crimes, intentional crimes against a minor and offenses in order of recurrence, may be subject to administrative supervision. It is the number of restrictions relating to places of human habitation, his departure to another area, etc. in addition, within the framework of administrative supervision the person must visit the police at their place of residence.
In the case of repayment or overturned person begins to be considered not held criminally responsible.
When repaid a criminal record
Conviction is repaid after a certain period of time passed after the departure of the face of a punishment. The deadline of criminal record quashing influence the type of punishment and the severity of the crime. If the person was sentenced to conditional imprisonment, a previous conviction is repaid after expiry of the set for his probation. In imposing sentence, which does not include imprisonment, payment of criminal record occurs after 1 year from the date of departure or execution of the punishment. If a person has committed a small or average gravity crime, a previous conviction is repaid after 3 years. In committing grave and especially grave crimes conviction is repaid after 8 and 10 years, respectively.
In the case where a person was ahead of schedule released from punishment or he was replaced by punishment for a more lenient term of a previous conviction starts to flow from the moment of release from punishment.
The cancellation of conviction is automatic and does not require the publication by the court or other competent authority of any official document.
What is the difference between redemption and salvation
It often happens that a person is exempt from criminal record ahead of time. This might be because of his good behavior and compensation of the caused harm of Amnesty or pardon. In this case we are talking about salvation. A criminal conviction can be removed by the court or by the instrument under which the person was pardoned or amnestied. However, Amnesty or pardon does not always mean face automatic removal of a criminal record.