Advice 1: How to determine the ip address by name

To computer worked successfully in a local network, it is necessary to assign a unique name and IP address. This deals with the network administrator. Using Windows utilities and third-party programs, you can determine the IP address of a host by its name, and Vice versa.
How to determine the ip address by name
Instruction
1
In a string of startup programs (opens the shortcut Win+R or by selecting "Run" of start menu) type cmd. A console window opens programs.
2
Record ping a comp_name, where comp_name is the name of the remote computer. This utility checks the network connectivity based on TCP/IP protocols. Key –translates host addresses into names and Vice versa. The utility response will be the string "Exchange package comp_name [comp_IP]" and session statistics. It should be borne in mind that the old version of the command may not support this feature. In this case, you can use other tools from a vast array of Windows.
3
Enter in the console window nbtstat –a comp_name. The command displays the NetBIOS name table and is available in networks that support this Protocol. To find out computer name by IP address, use the following command: nbtstat –A comp_IP where comp_IP – network address of the computer.
4
The nslookup command can operate in networks with support for TCP/IP and in the settings for this Protocol you must specify at least one DNS server. The utility displays the contents of the zone DNS server. Type in command prompt nslookup –a comp_name. This command will display IP address corresponding to that host name. If instead of computer name to specify its network address, the host name of the network.
5
Using the tracert command you can check the route of the data packet from the start point to the end including all intermediate nodes. Type the command line code: tracert comp_name. If you are not interested in all routers, use the following command format: tracert comp_name –d
The utility displays the name of the destination node and its IP address.
6
You can use third-party software-network scanner, for example, a free program that allows Advanced IP Scanner. It defines the names and IP addresses, and finds a shared folder. However, be careful when working in the office network – most likely the administrator does not approve your initiative.

Advice 2: How to determine the dns address

For the majority of the sites can be accessed by typing into your browser a convenient domain name, but not its corresponding ip address. This possibility exists because of the DNS servers (Domain Name System) that holds the necessary information.
How to determine the dns address
Instruction
1
What is DNS address? In fact, it is synonymous with the concept of "domain name". If you know the domain that you are aware and DNS address. Each domain name corresponds to a certain ip. When you enter in the browser the domain name, the DNS searches for the corresponding ip. Information relating domain names and ip addresses is DNS servers.
2
There is also the concept of the DNS name server. These names are specified when you register a domain for binding to the host. The need to know the domain name the ip address or the DNS name server can appear in different situations, so the user must know how to find the necessary information.
3
If you know the domain name and want to find out the name of the DNS server, you can use any whois service, e.g., IP ping.ru. Enter the domain name of the resource, and then click "Request". In derived are required information. For example, try to get information about the service Rambler. Enter in the search field rambler.ru (this is the DNS address), the following list and DNS names – for example, nserver: ns2.rambler.ru 81.19.66.61.
4
Sometimes you need to define the DNS server of the provider. To do this, open a command prompt (console): "start" - "All programs" - "Accessories" - "Command prompt" or hit "Run" and type cmd. In the opened command prompt window type ipconfig /all and press Enter. In the list that appears in the line "DNS servers", you will find the one you need'.
5
In that case, if you need to know the ip address of the website, you can use the ping command. This is the easiest way. For example, you want to determine the address of the service Rambler. To do this, type in the console ping rambler.ru and don't forget to press Enter. To begin the exchange of packets in the first line you will see the ip address of the resource: 81.19.70.3. If you want to copy it, click in the console a line with the address right-click and select the context menu item "Pomenit". Then with the mouse select the line for the desired address and press Enter. The highlighted part of string is copied to the clipboard.
Search
Is the advice useful?