This organ is located in the front of the neck and produces thyroid hormone necessary for metabolism, growth and development of the body. Even the most minor changes in the structure or functioning of thyroid can lead to malfunction of other organs and systems of the human body.
The lack of hormones produced by the thyroid gland are as dangerous as excessive. For the normal functioning of the thyroid gland needs nourishment, providing it with all necessary amino acids, vitamins and trace elements. There are foods that contain substances that are not giving the thyroid gland to use iodine to produce hormones. Such products include plenty of vegetables (turnips, brassicas, especially cauliflower, carrots and radishes), fruits (peaches and mango) as well: turnips, spinach, peanuts, corn, pine nuts and legumes. To limit consumption of these products is necessary and in inflammatory diseases of the thyroid gland (thyroiditis), endemic goitre (enlarged thyroid gland) caused by lack of iodine in the body.
If the thyroid function is increased (hyperthyroidism or thyrotoxicosis), that is, the production of thyroid hormones is a lot more normal, you need to eat more cabbage, lentils, peas, beans, which, along with the medication help to reduce the amount produced by the thyroid gland hormones. In hyperthyroidism it is very important to get together with food protein in the form of meat, cheese and curd, because when the shortage of the body begins to consume protein found in the muscles. You need to eat large quantities of dairy products containing significant amounts of calcium, reduces the activity of thyroid hormones.
There are foods to be waived for all diseases of the thyroid gland. These include: salt (increases blood pressure, which significantly increases the risk of bleeding in the thyroid gland), coffee (causes the impaired synthesis of thyroid hormones), alcohol (contributing to spasm of blood vessels of the gland, whereby it is not getting proper nutrition) and various products containing in its composition a large quantity of preservatives and dyes that violate the functioning of the thyroid gland and causing its degradation (drinks, sausages, cakes, crackers).