Advice 1: How to draw a floor plan

To make a diagram of the evacuation or repair project in the fire, you need to first draw a plan of the premises. For this you can use special software or create it manually.
How to draw a floor plan
You will need
  • - tape measure or laser rangefinder;
  • - a sheet of paper, drawing paper, graph paper;
  • pencil, pen;
  • - eraser;
  • - the range;
  • a pair of compasses;
  • - gon.
Instruction
1
First take an ordinary sheet of paper and draw a draft plan. Schematically indicate all rooms, utility spaces and corridors between them. If you need a floor planfor each floor, take a separate sheet of paper.
2
With a tape measure or a laser rangefinder go around all of the room and measure all the distances: the length and width of rooms, the size of recesses and protrusions, the location of Windows and doors. In addition, if necessary, check the height of ceilings, finishes, orientation of Windows, architectural details, thick walls, etc. Each measured distance mark on the draft planE.
3
If the room is not all the corners are straight and have sharp or blunt angles and rounded design, proceed as follows: divide a complex structure into a few simple. For example, if you make a drawing of the room with a semicircular Bay window, divide it into a rectangle and a semicircle, then measure the maximum distance between the points on the circle (diameter). Dividing it into two, you get the radius. In the drawing, find the center of the imaginary circle and with a compass draw a circle around the edge.
4
Take a sheet of drawing paper or graph paper and start drawing a plan of the premises in finished condition. Use a pencil or a failed line erase with an eraser. Note the scale, the most convenient at the same time – 1:50, in this case, it is easier to count distances.
5
Start with the most extreme corner of the room, beyond which there is certainly no objects. Draw it in the form of a rectangle and, proceeding from it, draw the outlines of all rooms and corridors. Watch for proportions and angles.
6
Mark on the plan, e all Windows, doors (including side opening), niches, ledges, balconies, staircases, etc. Shade the outline of the walls, leaving doors and Windows are not shaded.

Advice 2: How to draw a project for your home

A lot of people faced with the problem of designing the house. For the person who had this issue are not in contact, it can be difficult. In order to properly design a house, you need to follow some rules.
How to draw a project for your home
Instruction
1
Initially, decide on the size, no matter what you are building you are going to draw (existing or projected). In order to obtain a high-quality plan, simply take your measuring tape and as accurately as possible make the measurements. If you draw the design of the building include more fantasy.
2
To start with you need to draw axes passing in the middle of the main bearing and main walls. If you need to make a plan of a small building of rectangular shape, the guide axis at the center of the exterior walls.
3
Label the vertical axis with letters of the Russian alphabet, and the horizontal numbers. Guide walls along the intended axes. Then show inside of the building internal walls and partitions. In place of the walls, draw Windows and doors (include direction of their opening). All partitions need to show stroke.
4
Show location of devices and equipment in accordance with their functional purpose (e.g., toilet and tub in the bathroom). Install the explication of the room (a circle with a number inside). Enter in the table the layout of the rooms that match the room. Indicate on the plan stairwells, ventilation ducts, floor level, number of Windows and doors.
5
After you have drawn your plan, select size. Must specify overall dimensions of the building. You also need to show the bound of every partition, doors and Windows. Take plan scale 1:100, i.e. 1 meter in reality is 10 mm in the drawing. If this scale is not suitable in connection with the dimensions of the building, you can take the scale of 1:50 or 1:200. Sign the finished plan (the"Plan of 1st floor"). Make the explication of the premises that represents a table of 3 columns (1 - explication room, 2 - the name of a room, 3 – floor space). All of this put on the sheet frame and stamp.
Useful advice
If you could not independently create the project, you should contact the experts.

Advice 3: How to plan for evacuation in case of fire

The implementation of fire safety regulations is necessary not only in order to follow the law, but to prevent undesirable consequences of a possible fire. One of the prerequisites for the implementation of any activities predenterprises and institutions is the existence of a plan of evacuation in case of fire, establishing rules of conduct and procedure of action in emergency situations.
How to plan for evacuation in case of fire
You will need
  • The floor plan of the building.
Instruction
1
Read the Rules of fire safety in the Russian Federation. According to this regulation in the buildings and structures should be designed and placed in prominent places in the scheme of evacuation of people in case of fire. At sites where the possibility of mass stay of people, in addition to the scheme of evacuation in case of fire is developed by instructions for personnel actions. Responsible for compliance with fire safety regulations is the facility Manager.
2
In the preparation of the plan of evacuation of the first watertite floor plans of the building, trying not to clutter their minor and irrelevant details. Draw on the plan the scheme of evacuation of people from premises. In this case the solid green arrows show the main path of evacuation, and by means of dotted arrows the same color draw the spare (additional) ways. Conventional symbols, show on the diagram the location of fire extinguishers, fire hydrants, and connection points automatic fire alarm systems, placement of phones.
3
Prepare the textual part of the plan of evacuation. Run it in the form of a table with a sequential number, the list of actions of the contractor. Complete the narrative instructions to staff, and monuments reflecting action in case of fire. Reflect in the text of how to fire alarm; evacuation; control over all the people left the premises; the means of verification of fire alarm (including actions in the event of failure of the automation); the procedure for extinguishing of fire; order of evacuation of the property.
4
Assign performers in all sections of the planbased on the capabilities of people and skills they possess (professional, organizational, etc.). When developing a plan of evacuation , use the timing, fixing the time required to perform those or other actions under the plan.
5
As an Annex to the table prepare a list of responsible persons and employees of the organization, providing the box for painting familiarization with the plan of evacuation. Put down on the plan of evacuation the date of its making, seal seal and signature of the official responsible for observance of fire safety rules.

Advice 4: How to draw a floor plan

To make a diagram of the evacuation or the sketch of a house, you need to first draw a plan of the floor.This can be done with the help of special programs, if you are familiar with them, otherwise just draw it on a large sheet of paper manually.
How to draw a floor plan
You will need
  • - a sheet of paper;
  • pencil;
  • - eraser;
  • - the range;
  • - a set square or protractor;
  • a pair of compasses.
Instruction
1
First, draw a rough plan by hand, try to specify all rooms, utility rooms, corridors, all the angles and arches.
2
Take your measuring tape or laser rangefinder and measure the length and width of each room. Then walk through the corridors and specify the length of all protrusions and niches. On the landing, mark the width of the stairs.
3
Measure the distances from corners to window and door openings, indicate which way the doors open. If you need a plan for the evacuation of the scheme, specify the presence of lattices at Windows and other important details. All results bring a pen or pencil in a rough plan.
4
Spaces of complex shape, divide it into a few simple, for example, squares or segments of a circle. To draw a space with an obtuse angle, divide it by the bisector into two equal angles and mentally construct right triangles. If the room has semicircular Bay window, divide it into a rectangle and a semicircle.
5
On a large sheet of drawing paper or graph paper draw a plan of the floor. Be sure to use a pencil, to be able to remove the extra lines. First measure the total length and width of the floor and, in keeping with the size of the sheet, indicate the scale. It is convenient to use a scale of 1:50 as you can do without a calculator. If the building is big, make a plan sectional, dividing the floor into several parts.
6
Start with a corner of the room, but before to apply it on the worksheet, make sure that you will not be elements (e.g., balconies), which will be outside of the sheet. Then draw the hallways and the next room, gradually expanding your plan. First, draw the General form and make sure that all rooms are available, all the proportions observed, and the 90º corners of rooms.
7
After a General view of the floor , you can mark Windows, doors, niches, balconies, ledges, stairs, etc. draw the contours of the walls with a thick line or stroke.
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