There are many ready projects of houses made by the experts keeping in mind all possible requirements. But a good plan is worth good money. If you possess some engineering skills, you can try to make a plan of your house yourself.
Start designing the house with the exploration of the land. This will help you to find accurate data on properties of soils, height of groundwater, which is necessary for the layout of the basement. These works should be carried out in late autumn or early spring, when the groundwater level as high as possible.
Having concluded geotechnical studies, you can plan the possibility of building a basement with a too high groundwater level construction of basement can increase the value of the home by 30 percent or more. It is possible, with sufficient land area instead of a basement it is more expedient to build an additional room.
Rebounding from the type and height of the Foundation, decide on the type of material from which is made the house, and proceed to the house design and drawings. More cost efficient to do a simple project at home. The more curved walls, the more will be the cost of the project. The same applies to the roof. In addition, the complex roof forms of less reliable, because the more bends and joints – the greater the likelihood that over time these areas may be leaked.
For greater energy efficiency plan non-residential premises (kitchens, bathrooms, utility rooms) on the North side of the house, and living on the other side. Remember that on future home energy consumption is also influenced by the location and size of Windows, use of thermal insulation materials.
Weigh the pros and cons of independent planning of the house and choose the strength you need to make your home your own, or better to turn to specialized companies.
Advice 2 : How to draw a project for your home
A lot of people faced with the problem of designing the house. For the person who had this issue are not in contact, it can be difficult. In order to properly design a house, you need to follow some rules.
Initially, decide on the size, no matter what you are building you are going to draw (existing or projected). In order to obtain a high-quality plan, simply take your measuring tape and as accurately as possible make the measurements. If you draw the design of the building include more fantasy.
To start with you need to draw axes passing in the middle of the main bearing and main walls. If you need to make a plan of a small building of rectangular shape, the guide axis at the center of the exterior walls.
Label the vertical axis with letters of the Russian alphabet, and the horizontal numbers. Guide walls along the intended axes. Then show inside of the building internal walls and partitions. In place of the walls, draw Windows and doors (include direction of their opening). All partitions need to show stroke.
Show location of devices and equipment in accordance with their functional purpose (e.g., toilet and tub in the bathroom). Install the explication of the room (a circle with a number inside). Enter in the table the layout of the rooms that match the room. Indicate on the plan stairwells, ventilation ducts, floor level, number of Windows and doors.
After you have drawn your plan, select size. Must specify overall dimensions of the building. You also need to show the bound of every partition, doors and Windows. Take plan scale 1:100, i.e. 1 meter in reality is 10 mm in the drawing. If this scale is not suitable in connection with the dimensions of the building, you can take the scale of 1:50 or 1:200. Sign the finished plan (the"Plan of 1st floor"). Make the explication of the premises that represents a table of 3 columns (1 - explication room, 2 - the name of a room, 3 – floor space). All of this put on the sheet frame and stamp.
If you could not independently create the project, you should contact the experts.
Advice 3 : How to make a project from scratch
Of ones own residential home is a dream of many, and it is nice when those dreams begin to come true. When you acquired the land, before inviting the builders must make a project at home. If this is a single-family house, you yourself can design it.
Prior to 2004, to obtain permission for construction of residential house needed a project done by a professional architect-designer, licensed. With the entry into force of the new town planning code, this requirement was abolished and, if you are planning to build a house for his family is not higher than 3 floors, expensive project certified designers to enjoy not necessarily.
But to build without the project, too, is impossible, because, only having a design solution you will be able to estimate the cost of construction, purchase the required amount of materials and explain to the builders what you want them to do.
Himself a designer
Now when the computer is in almost every home, there is no point to draw the project and floor plans on paper. To make the project from scratch, you can use specialized software to create a three-dimensional model of your future home as close as possible to reality. Modern software designed for non-professional architects, allow to solve professional tasks. With their help, you can not only design an architectural structure, "tying" it to the situation and the terrain, but also to develop the internal layout and design of the premises.
To design the house with the terrain, you'll need a topographic survey of your land scale 1:500 in electronic or raster form. On it you will be able to make a three-dimensional terrain model and selecting the optimal location for a residential building and utility buildings, as well as to design landscape design solutions.
Software for designing houses
The developers offer a wide range of products that will allow you to realize your architectural design ideas. Of course, they vary in price and functionality. For the novice user it is possible to recommend the base version of the package VisiCon, and "Design Studio 3.0 3D Home" and "ArCon Home & Landscape." They have a low price, easy to use, intuitive interface in Russian.
Those users who consider themselves advanced and, in addition, he speaks fluent English and will love having advanced functionality of the software products FloorPlan 3D and Punch Professional Home Design Suite Platinum. The latter is particularly attractive because it allows you to immediately design and engineering services, both internal and external.