There are many ready projects of houses made by the experts keeping in mind all possible requirements. But a good plan is worth good money. If you possess some engineering skills, you can try to make a plan of your house yourself.
Start designing the house with the exploration of the land. This will help you to find accurate data on properties of soils, height of groundwater, which is necessary for the layout of the basement. These works should be carried out in late autumn or early spring, when the groundwater level as high as possible.
Having concluded geotechnical studies, you can plan the possibility of building a basement with a too high groundwater level construction of basement can increase the value of the home by 30 percent or more. It is possible, with sufficient land area instead of a basement it is more expedient to build an additional room.
Rebounding from the type and height of the Foundation, decide on the type of material from which is made the house, and proceed to the house design and drawings. More cost efficient to do a simple project at home. The more curved walls, the more will be the cost of the project. The same applies to the roof. In addition, the complex roof forms of less reliable, because the more bends and joints – the greater the likelihood that over time these areas may be leaked.
For greater energy efficiency plan non-residential premises (kitchens, bathrooms, utility rooms) on the North side of the house, and living on the other side. Remember that on future home energy consumption is also influenced by the location and size of Windows, use of thermal insulation materials.
Weigh the pros and cons of independent planning of the house and choose the strength you need to make your home your own, or better to turn to specialized companies.
Advice 2: How to draw a project for your home
A lot of people faced with the problem of designing the house. For the person who had this issue are not in contact, it can be difficult. In order to properly design a house, you need to follow some rules.
Initially, decide on the size, no matter what you are building you are going to draw (existing or projected). In order to obtain a high-quality plan, simply take your measuring tape and as accurately as possible make the measurements. If you draw the design of the building include more fantasy.
To start with you need to draw axes passing in the middle of the main bearing and main walls. If you need to make a plan of a small building of rectangular shape, the guide axis at the center of the exterior walls.
Label the vertical axis with letters of the Russian alphabet, and the horizontal numbers. Guide walls along the intended axes. Then show inside of the building internal walls and partitions. In place of the walls, draw Windows and doors (include direction of their opening). All partitions need to show stroke.
Show location of devices and equipment in accordance with their functional purpose (e.g., toilet and tub in the bathroom). Install the explication of the room (a circle with a number inside). Enter in the table the layout of the rooms that match the room. Indicate on the plan stairwells, ventilation ducts, floor level, number of Windows and doors.
After you have drawn your plan, select size. Must specify overall dimensions of the building. You also need to show the bound of every partition, doors and Windows. Take plan scale 1:100, i.e. 1 meter in reality is 10 mm in the drawing. If this scale is not suitable in connection with the dimensions of the building, you can take the scale of 1:50 or 1:200. Sign the finished plan (the"Plan of 1st floor"). Make the explication of the premises that represents a table of 3 columns (1 - explication room, 2 - the name of a room, 3 – floor space). All of this put on the sheet frame and stamp.
If you could not independently create the project, you should contact the experts.
Advice 3: How to draw a house project on the computer
Today for the construction of individual houses for one family, not exceeding three floors, is not required to order the design from a professional architect and designer with a special permit. But still, the project needed to have an idea of how the building, which is going to build, post it on the site optimally and to calculate the amount of materials needed. Such a project, you can develop yourself using specialized software, for example, Ashampoo Home Designer Pro 2.0.
You will need
- - Computer with Windows operating system;
- software Ashampoo Home Designer Pro 2.0.
Download online Ashampoo Home Designer Pro 2.0, it is shareware, with a limited validity period. Officially to purchase this program for just$ 30. This software will allow you to realize three-dimensional visualization of the project of your building, Orient it to the cardinal, so you can see how it will be accommodated on the site.
For its size you can draw the design using the tools available in the program. Select a unit of measurement, specify the scale at which to display the project. Clicking on the buttons: Wall, Window, Door, etc., draw the walls, Windows, doors and other facade elements of your future home. To do this, use the libraries, which present a wide variety of designs and textures. Each element can be viewed in the 3D viewer to have a clear view of its constructive features.
In that case, when you want to make a project of a building of two or more floors, use a special function that allows you to move the floors, walls and ceilings from the first floor to the other. When you transfer specify the height of each successive floor.
With ready-made libraries draw a roof. If the ready made options don't suit you, you can design it yourself. The program will automatically calculate its parameters: length, area.
If you have a plan for your property, oriented to the light, move its boundaries to the project using the inventory data that are on the plan. The projected building will place in the border area. Using the simulated global lighting plan, which will include lawns, recreation areas, pavilions and so on, taking into account the shadow cast by this building during daylight hours.
With the help of software product Ashampoo Home Designer Pro 2.0 you can also plan the interior spaces and their design. Available libraries allow you to place the internal situation, the most realistic show texture floor and wall coverings. Many pieces of furniture that you will find in the library are exact replicas of those models, which offer buyers the well-known furniture brands, so your visual project to be as realistic as possible.
A novice user can use step by step wizard create project of a house.
Advice 4: Cheap house designs of aerated concrete and foam block
Has long been a trendy low-rise construction of aerated concrete and foamed concrete – cellular concrete varieties. This material is most reliable, technologically advanced, affordable and economical. It should be noted that the foam and aerated concrete is produced by different technologies, so they have some differences. But in comparison with other building materials aerated concrete has the advantages of: wire mesh units easily into any shape, they are durable, are light weight, have good insulating properties.
The structure and composition of materials
And the foam blocks and aerated concrete are artificial construction material with a porous structure. The blocks, unlike concrete, have closed pores. This allows the material to sink in water, have excellent heat and sound insulation properties. As for the concrete, the material should not be used for construction of the Foundation and the building project made from this material must provide a high quality exterior finish. The fact is that concrete has small cracks and therefore has a lower sound insulation properties and can not maintain a constant room humidity.
Unlike wood, artificial material, not afraid of house fungus or mold. That is a good quality especially noted by the owners of country houses, baths and other buildings, often built from wood.
In the production process of aerated concrete using natural materials: water, cement, lime, sand, foam, aluminum powder, making concrete blocks, and concrete, are environmentally friendly building materials. In addition, the blocks are easy to handle, allowing considerably to save money and not buy extra material. Please note that the foam blocks and aerated concrete differs, so they can be cut and laid in any convenient side. The main conclusion is that to build houses of foam blocks and aerated concrete is not only easy and convenient but also economical.
If we talk about the production of materials, to produce a foam block is not difficult, gives it a competitive advantage in price and makes it more demanded in the market. However, due to the simple method of production of foam concrete is the main contender for forgery. Produced by artisanal method, the material loses all its essential properties and becomes less suitable for construction. But the autoclaved aerated concrete produced by a method that is more costly, and so the material is more expensive.
Building blocks are very economical, and the building itself does not require additional care.
It is worth noting that, despite the impressive size, and foam-concrete and gas-concrete blocks due to porous structure are light, so the construction work can be done independently, without additional helpers. Another benefit of building blocks is their variety and a great choice for interior and exterior construction work.
In respect of the perceived downsides of the materials, there is need to note the following: all of its faults the building blocks fully transferred to the entire structure. Therefore it is necessary to consider, first, that the material is fragile. Second, the foam is not breathable. Therefore, a country house of foam may not be suitable for residents with lung disease. Thirdly, in a strong fire the wood burn well. And fourth, the composition of the concrete is lime, which is corrosive to metal.
Construction of aerated concrete
The building, built of aerated concrete, is fire safety, excellent insulation, durability and economy. Experts say that aerocrete almost combines all the best qualities of wood and stone main building materials, which, unfortunately, are not as accessible as cellular concrete. It should also be noted that the materials perfectly keep the building comfortable atmosphere. Cellular concrete are perfectly combined with various roofing materials and any insulation.
To build any house made of blocks – it's not difficult, because the block material can be easily planed, drilled and milled. The construction may include various arches, pediments and other decorative elements. Cheap house built of foam blocks, could be a great option as a summer country cottage, and a house where you can live all year round. Good heat-insulating properties possessed by the foam block, make it an excellent material for building baths.
Bath of foam blocks is no different from the wooden structures. This work does not require anything special and can be completed even by a beginner. All you need is to find the right project baths or to download a free project from the Internet. If you want you can buy a sample project by contacting the appropriate project service. When the finished project will be you have on hand, all you need is to buy all the necessary building materials - concrete blocks or aerated concrete and other components and start building.
Construction units should choose quality. Best place to buy foam blocks from the manufacturer or, if this is not possible, using proven hardware store. Properties of cellular concrete make it very convenient and easy to accommodate in all communications. The main thing here is to properly plan the location of the communication and not to miss anything.
Experts recommend be reinforced every few rows of blocks with a special mesh to masonry was more durable.
Thanks to modern artificial materials to build a quality home quickly and inexpensively. The construction of the blocks is a good budget option, and therefore the material is often used for country building, as well as the construction of baths and saunas. Blocks of foam concrete and aerated blocks you can easily create the desired shape. The material does not require costly masonry mortar or adhesive, has good sound insulating properties, retains heat very well and its lightweight design does not weigh down the walls of the building. The project houses of foam blocks you can build in a short time. Environmentally friendly building materials aerated concrete and concrete blocks are the most popular materials of modern low-rise building.
Advice 5: How to design a cottage
This country house has many advantages over the usual city apartment. You can always do some extension, if not enough space. And there is no need to spend time out-of-town on weekends for family camping.
You will need
- a computer program for drafting
Before you begin to design the home plan of the site, which will be building. This is necessary so you can see the full picture of the location of the house and other buildings on the site, as well as for the development of landscape design.
Consider a few important points, which will depend on the entire structure of your home: how many people will live in the house, what the age of the future tenants, will there be frequent visits of the guests in the long term. This information will depend on the number of rooms in the house and their location on the floors. For example, if the house is to be inhabited by elderly people, their room is better positioned on the ground floor.
Place the living room so that they got as much light as possible, preferably in the South, in the South-East. But the place for the kitchen, bathroom, storage can be isolated Northern part of the house.
Make a plan for each room. Before the start of construction you will have the opportunity to arrange the furniture in each room, to see what exactly and in what proportions you'll need to create the final interior.
Draw separately the facade of each part of the house. So you will see your home in miniature and you can choose the finishing material for the facade.
Already having a more detailed picture of your home, you will be able much easier to make drawings of the future building. Install it on your computer program for the compilation of architectural drawings and proceed to the final design phase – preparation of the working draft.
Transfer all your ideas from sketches into a computer program. Here you can look at your house from above and make changes where you see they need. After approval of its project in specialized instances it will be possible to start the construction of your home.
Advice 6: How to make a project from scratch
Of ones own residential home is a dream of many, and it is nice when those dreams begin to come true. When you acquired the land, before inviting the builders must make a project at home. If this is a single-family house, you yourself can design it.
Prior to 2004, to obtain permission for construction of residential house needed a project done by a professional architect-designer, licensed. With the entry into force of the new town planning code, this requirement was abolished and, if you are planning to build a house for his family is not higher than 3 floors, expensive project certified designers to enjoy not necessarily.
But to build without the project, too, is impossible, because, only having a design solution you will be able to estimate the cost of construction, purchase the required amount of materials and explain to the builders what you want them to do.
Himself a designer
Now when the computer is in almost every home, there is no point to draw the project and floor plans on paper. To make the project from scratch, you can use specialized software to create a three-dimensional model of your future home as close as possible to reality. Modern software designed for non-professional architects, allow to solve professional tasks. With their help, you can not only design an architectural structure, "tying" it to the situation and the terrain, but also to develop the internal layout and design of the premises.
To design the house with the terrain, you'll need a topographic survey of your land scale 1:500 in electronic or raster form. On it you will be able to make a three-dimensional terrain model and selecting the optimal location for a residential building and utility buildings, as well as to design landscape design solutions.
Software for designing houses
The developers offer a wide range of products that will allow you to realize your architectural design ideas. Of course, they vary in price and functionality. For the novice user it is possible to recommend the base version of the package VisiCon, and "Design Studio 3.0 3D Home" and "ArCon Home & Landscape." They have a low price, easy to use, intuitive interface in Russian.
Those users who consider themselves advanced and, in addition, he speaks fluent English and will love having advanced functionality of the software products FloorPlan 3D and Punch Professional Home Design Suite Platinum. The latter is particularly attractive because it allows you to immediately design and engineering services, both internal and external.
Advice 7: Modern designs of wooden houses
Despite the fact that modern technologies develop with huge speed, and there are constantly new materials, demand remains a classic of suburban housing, namely – cottage, built of wood.
The advantages of wooden houses
The tradition of wooden house-building has more than one thousand years. In the period of industrialization and the emergence of concrete and concrete blocks, wood as a material for construction of houses receded into the background. However, not disappeared altogether. This material is often used in the construction of baths and villas. Today the wooden house or, as it is called, a log cabin, is experiencing a rebirth. The reason was the emergence of new methods of construction and technologies of wood processing. Because of this it is now easy to build a solid country house, which will serve you for many years.
Private wooden house is now a fashionable trend, however, it is important to remember practicality, where you have these homes. First of all, such a structure is environmentally friendly, because its construction does not entail the use of heavy construction techniques. In addition, wood is a natural material. In addition, the log cabins have unique thermal insulation properties. Because of this, you can save considerably on space heating. And, of course, a private wooden structure does not require additional finishing. Since the wooden walls look very nice and aesthetically pleasing, making can serve as a wonderful basis for your interior.
To construct such a house is quite difficult and not everyone can afford. This activity requires basic knowledge in the field of construction and some experience.
Modern designs of wooden houses
In fact, modern wooden houses are analogues of the simple Russian hut. But the modern design makes these residential buildings are very original and even astounding. Still, looking at such a scale of magnificence, custom type and complexity of works, it is very difficult not to be surprised.
To date, companies involved in the construction of wooden houses is able to offer its customers a huge variety of options of projects of wooden houses. Depending on the wealth and taste, you can find the ideal plan for the construction of wooden houses: original and interesting.
Among the varieties of wooden houses distinguish two main ones: timber houses and log houses.
Under the structure of the timber professionals recommend doing a continuous footing. The timber can be machined planed, both inside and outside. However, this would entail additional costs. The timber for the walls of such a house can be used in various sizes. It is possible to use round logs or hand-cut. All these nuances are selected individually, depending on personal preferences and desires.
Under the log structure is also commonly used strip foundations. The logs can be further processed by knives or planer. For walls can be used the same materials as for the houses of timber.
All individual questions regarding the project of construction a wooden house, usually solved with designers, engineers and craftsmen of companies specializing in such work. They help their clients choose the most suitable option, will draft and expect the final cost of construction.
All projects are United by the use of the same material - wood. In different sources you can find a lot of information on this feature of wood as environmentally friendly. But not everyone knows that the wooden house allows its owner more and significantly save the budget. Sounds weird, because such buildings are usually attributed to the segment of the most expensive construction. However, it is. Judge for yourself: the house made of logs does not require additional use of facade materials, additional insulation or interior walls. The tree, having high aesthetic qualities, and even great at trapping heat.
Any modern house project wooden structure, one way or another, but continues a long tradition of Russian architecture. It the forest was unchanged, "the centuries-old atmosphere of Russian life". It is the tree of ancestors used in his first construction experience in the pagan time.
As you know, the "white stone" (Moscow) was also 90% filled with wooden houses and farmsteads. However, as all medieval Rus.
And, if you look at modern log frame house, we can see in it some elements reminiscent of the old Russian hut. Horizontally laid logs, United at the corners by cutting, to form a log. Exactly built the hut in Russia. This technology adhere to to this day. However, now these houses that is built, and in those far, up to Petrovsky time, their "cut". In fact, from here originates the traditional Russian name of this structure is "frame". The fact that this term was considered more plausible and fully consistent with the process for creating a home using only one ax. Undoubtedly, the progress does not stand still. Therefore, modern wooden cottages the word "hut" to use not quite correct. It will sound only as a beautiful metaphor.
Most of the projects of modern wooden houses provides accommodation for people in maximum comfort. Therefore, each variant has the complete set of all service. In favor of such dwellings usually make your choice people are focused on family lifestyle who appreciate a healthy house atmosphere, cosiness and modern comfort. If you are a man seeking positive emotion, harmonious relationship with loved ones and exposed to the elements, wooden country house will become your best option. Because only wood is the most attractive in this respect, material. The only one presented to us by the mother nature, lively, able to create a unique and surprising atmosphere of warmth, caring, domesticity and comfort.
Advice 8: How to make a kitchen design
Everyone wants to make a design project of the kitchen in accordance with your taste and your preferences. But for this it is sometimes necessary to obegat many furniture stores in search of that perfect option which you imagine in your mind. Of course, you can ask for this service to professional designers, but this service will cost you a tidy sum. Isn't it better to try and better ourselves to learn all the tricks of the projectfunding of the cuisine?
You will need
- The knowledge of certain rules and regulations of ergonomics, interiors design, taste and sense of style.
Measure the area of your kitchen. The choice of furniture and its placement will depend on it. Especially for small kitchens.
Then imagine the kitchen to be what you want it to be. Now there are many different styles in which perform kitchen furniture: classic, high-tech, country, Provence, fusion, modern, etc. will Stop on any variant of the style. It needs to match the decor of the apartment as a whole.
Mentally arrange all the furniture in its place. The only, perhaps that might limit this – the continuity plate design with work surfaces. Otherwise, it will choose you. When all the furniture apart mentally, select a spot for a refrigerator and a dining table.
The next step is to transfer this designprojectthat you created in your mind on paper. Scale can choose. First you draw a regular plan of the kitchen indicating the available sizes. In the same scale, specify the location of appliances and furniture. The second picture will represent the image of the kitchen "from the front".
The most important is the last picture. It your kitchen has to appear in three dimensions. All. The project of your future kitchen is ready. If you're proficient in graphic computer programs, the project dishes to do in one of these programs. It will be very impressive.
Do not worry if the images will be obtained immediately. As a rule, a number of them is still in the basket. Flaws easier to fix on paper than doing it all after the renovations are over.
When you draw kitchen "full face", make the picture color. It then devour to correct deficiencies surfaced. This figure should be the walls with the nearby furniture.