You will need
  • - syntax for the analysis.
To highlight the direct speech first, find the author's words that it is introduced into syntax. For naming the fact of speech are commonly used:
- verbs of speech or thought (to speak, to ask, to think, etc.);
- verbs indicating the nature of speech and its connection with the previous statement (begin, continue, add, etc.);
- verbs expressing the purpose of speech (to ask, to explain, to agree, etc.);
- phrases with nouns (to ask a question, pronounce words, etc.);
- verbal nouns (the voice, the shout, a whisper, a thought, etc.).
Identify where direct speech in relation to the words of the author. Author's speech may introduce, conclude, or break the direct speech.
Using punctuation marks of the Russian language, scroll to direct speech. In this case, observe the rules of punctuation clearance design.
If the author's words preceding direct speech, in front of her, put a colon and end – a necessary sign to indicate the purpose of utterances (dot, exclamation or question marks, ellipsis). Start direct speech with a capital letter. Please note that the period is placed after the closed quotes. Compare:
• Svetlana exclaimed, "amazing Feast today!"
• Svetlanka said: "the Feast is amazing."
If the author's words conclude direct speech, enclose it in quotation marks, separate the author's speech with a dash, in front of which required a sign pointing to the goal statements. A comma if the sentence is declarative, as well as a possible exclamation or question marks, ellipsis. The author's words are written with a lowercase letter.
• "You sit there," whispered Makarych.
Tearing direct speech the author's words begin with a lowercase letter and highlight a dash and a comma if the direct speech is a simple or asyndetic complex sentence. Keep it straight with a lowercase letter, and at the end put need to refer to the purpose of communication sign.
• "About your business − addressed Prince Andrew again Boris, we will talk after".
When you break the direct speech consisting of separate sentences, after the words the author put the point, and the second part of direct speech start with a capital letter.
• "Yes, slander, − continued Schultz. – It is so common among people that succumb to it very easily."
If the author's words verbs belonging to different parts of direct speech, the author put a colon and a dash.
• "What a misunderstanding,' said Andrew, shrugged his shoulders and repeated: − Misunderstanding".
If direct speech breaks the words of the author, its introduction make with a colon and end with a comma or a dash before the author's speech, given the context.
• He said to me: "I am a loyal friend!" and touched my dress.