Advice 1: How to highlight direct speech

Constructions with direct speech are used for accurate transmission of someone else's words. In this case, when reproduction of statements, used more words, containing a verb of speech or thought and word combinations with the nouns close in meaning to such verbs. Registration for the punctuation of direct speech quotation marks are used, it always starts with a capital letter.
How to highlight direct speech
You will need
  • - syntax for the analysis.
To highlight the direct speech first, find the author's words that it is introduced into syntax. For naming the fact of speech are commonly used:
- verbs of speech or thought (to speak, to ask, to think, etc.);
- verbs indicating the nature of speech and its connection with the previous statement (begin, continue, add, etc.);
- verbs expressing the purpose of speech (to ask, to explain, to agree, etc.);
- phrases with nouns (to ask a question, pronounce words, etc.);
- verbal nouns (the voice, the shout, a whisper, a thought, etc.).
Identify where direct speech in relation to the words of the author. Author's speech may introduce, conclude, or break the direct speech.
Using punctuation marks of the Russian language, scroll to direct speech. In this case, observe the rules of punctuation clearance design.
If the author's words preceding direct speech, in front of her, put a colon and end – a necessary sign to indicate the purpose of utterances (dot, exclamation or question marks, ellipsis). Start direct speech with a capital letter. Please note that the period is placed after the closed quotes. Compare:
• Svetlana exclaimed, "amazing Feast today!"
• Svetlanka said: "the Feast is amazing."
If the author's words conclude direct speech, enclose it in quotation marks, separate the author's speech with a dash, in front of which required a sign pointing to the goal statements. A comma if the sentence is declarative, as well as a possible exclamation or question marks, ellipsis. The author's words are written with a lowercase letter.
• "You sit there," whispered Makarych.
Tearing direct speech the author's words begin with a lowercase letter and highlight a dash and a comma if the direct speech is a simple or asyndetic complex sentence. Keep it straight with a lowercase letter, and at the end put need to refer to the purpose of communication sign.
• "About your business − addressed Prince Andrew again Boris, we will talk after".
When you break the direct speech consisting of separate sentences, after the words the author put the point, and the second part of direct speech start with a capital letter.
• "Yes, slander, − continued Schultz. – It is so common among people that succumb to it very easily."
If the author's words verbs belonging to different parts of direct speech, the author put a colon and a dash.
• "What a misunderstanding,' said Andrew, shrugged his shoulders and repeated: − Misunderstanding".
If direct speech breaks the words of the author, its introduction make with a colon and end with a comma or a dash before the author's speech, given the context.
• He said to me: "I am a loyal friend!" and touched my dress.

Advice 2: How to understand English speech

One of the most important skills of a foreign language – listening, that is, the perception of foreign speech at the hearing. For those who have mastered a language other than English in an English speaking country, this usually presents the greatest difficulties.
How to understand English speech
Any skill, including comprehension of the English language, you need to train. Because at first it seems very difficult, most of the students are trying, consciously or not, to leave these activities for later, first try to learn English grammar, pronunciation, learn new words, but avoid listening. But no skill is impossible to master in theory, another-practice. You can't learn to swim just by reading about how to do it.
Surround yourself with English speech as possible. Using the Internet, listen to English radio programs, watching English and American films without dubbing, use the training audio. Having to make time for it - just listen while washing the dishes, Ironing clothes, making cleaning. Even if you don't understand the individual words or unable to say what it was, thanks to this hearing, you get used to the pace and style of the language.
Try to use interesting materials to help you someone more suitable to listen to English news, someone can spend hours listening to songs of English artists, to some it seems more useful and effective to listen to a special teaching texts, and someone sees sense only in direct communication with friends.
Exercise regularly, make it a rule every day to devote to listening for some time – how much work, but the more the better.
Getting started listening, don't forget about training other skills – grammar, reading, speaking, writing. To get the maximum effect when learning a language, need to be addressed comprehensively.
When you deliberately listened to the lyrics, stay focused but not tense. Fold images, pictures based on familiar vocabulary, not paying attention to strangers. This is a common error – they hear a strange word or phrase and thinking that it means missing the point completely and desorientada in the text, although these words may be totally unimportant for understanding the meaning.
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