Normal in the nasal cavity there are a large number of microorganisms, not cause the person any harm due to the protective functions of the immune system. When for various reasons the local immune system weakens, the pathogens can lead to the beginning of the inflammatory process that manifests as disorders of the function of the nose (rhinitis), accompanied by severe inflammation of its mucosa and runny nose.
If there are systematic discharge from the nose, sneezing or itching of the nasal cavity and becomes visually noticeable shortness of breath – appoint rhinocytogram. Testing must be prepared in the following manner: before the procedure it is necessary to exclude all factors that could affect the results of the study (the day before the analysis to refuse the use of various ointments, tablets or solutions).
In the lab specialist will inject a small cotton swab in the nostril, as far as possible. Then, the same manipulations will make the second bow stroke. This procedure is absolutely painless. After the procedure is finished, conducted a study of scrapings for eosinophils (granular cells) and neutrophils (neutrophil white blood cells). Then given the result of the analysis, in which the attending physician will determine the nature of the inflammation of the nasal mucosa.
After decryption rhinocytogram the doctor determines how the body responds to various external factors. If a person has a bacterial infection, the body's defenses are mostly neutrophils. With viral nature of the disease aktiviziruyutsya lymphocytes, and when the body is beginning to impact a variety of allergens, they begin to work hard by white blood cells. After analyzing rhinocytogram and comparison of obtained data with normal clearing up the full picture of the nature of the disease occurring in the body.
When the number of eosinophils significantly above normal levels, there is the question about the origin of allergic rhinitis. At higher values of neutrophils is clearly the presence of acute infection. When both figures significantly exceed the norm, this can be a combined form of allergic rhinitis complicated with any secondary infection. If the performance improves slightly - diagnosed vasomotor rhinitis.