Diet after surgery on the pancreas: the first 10-14 days
System diet for patients who have had surgery on the digestive system, was developed by the Russian founder of the nutrition and gastroenterology, M. I. Pevzner in the 30-ies of the last century. It includes a number of programs of the diet, which are denoted by numbers from 0 to 15 and letters of the alphabet. This system of therapeutic food has not lost its relevance, so it is still used in composition programs postoperative recovery.
In the first 5-7 days after surgery, the patient is prescribed a therapeutic diet No. 0. It involves the ingestion of liquid or semi-liquid low-calorie food, rich in vitamins. In the list of allowed foods consists of weak meat broths, soft-boiled eggs, jellies, fruit and berry juices. The total volume of liquid should be at least 2 liters per day and the daily calorie intake should not exceed 1000 kcal. In some cases, instead of this diet being used parenteral or enteral nutrition.
In the next 5-7 days you should eat in accordance with the recommendations of the diet №1A. The patient should drink boiled or steamed and mashed and puréed meals. The number of meals during the day should not be less than six. Limits calorie daily diet consists of 1800-1900 calories. Recommended dishes – soups, rice, oatmeal and wheat Farina with the addition of eggs, milk, butter, and steam egg-white omelettes, lean meat, poultry, and fish in the form of puree or steam souffle. You can eat gruel from all cereals with added butter, with the exception of barley and millet. Sweet are resolved jellies, jellies and natural juices.
Diet after surgery on the pancreas: next 1.5–2 months
Over the next 1.5–2 months the patient is usually assigned to a diet №5P. This diet program involves eating small portions of not more than 300 g up to 6-8 times a day. Calorie daily diet is still no more than 1800-1900 calories. The patient is transferred to the carbohydrate diet, which includes pureed porridge on the water, soups, cereals, vegetable puree and jelly of pureed fruit. During the day are allowed to eat up to 50 g of breadcrumbs. You can also use a small amount of bread yesterday's baking or dried biscuits.
With the improvement of the condition of the patient menu allows you to gradually expand, but this should be done only in consultation with your doctor. In the daily diet in small portions is added pureed and chopped meat, poultry and fish, boiled or steamed, egg-white omelettes, dairy products in small amounts, pureed vegetables, stewed fruit and fruit-berry juices.
Throughout the period of postoperative rehabilitation, the patient's condition should monitor a doctor who corrects the system for therapeutic feeding if you feel unwell or digestive disorders.