Advice 1: How people live after the removal of the stomach

Cancer is a real plague of the 20th and 21st century – remains one of the major causes of mortality of people of working age. A considerable percentage among patients of the cancer center – people who have stomach cancer. Fortunately, in a timely manner, the resection of the stomach can be cured from this terrible disease. Following the advice of a doctor after removal of the stomach, the patient to secure for decades an active and happy life.
Modern medicine successfully fights cancer
The patient to whom the diagnosis "Oncology", the first time feels empty. It is important not to panic and not to give up on yourself, and as soon as possible to begin treatment. Even such insidious form of cancer, like stomach cancer can be eradicated thanks to advances in modern medicine – resection of the stomach can stop the development of the disease and prevent the spread of metastases.

What "gastrectomy"?


The term "resection" refers to removing part of the stomach, and in severe cases – and the removal of the stomach completely. After the operation for several days, the patient receives nutrients intravenously, and the stomach contents extracted through the probe. If the forecast is favorable, with approximately the third day the patient starts eating little by little initially, teas, jelly and pureed soups, and a little later, steam omelets, mashed potatoes and souffle.

Despite the apparent complexity of such an operation, often already after a couple of weeks after the operation the patient can return to their daily lives. Of course, he avoids any loads and strictly adheres to prescribed diet. Sudden weight loss during this period is normal, and should not be afraid of this.

What are the features of adaptation to normal life after removal of the stomach?



For the first four to six months after surgery, the attending doctor prescribes a strict diet. The main goal of the diet is the prevention of the inflammatory process and reducing possibility of development of dumping syndrome. The essence of the diet lies in the fact that the menu of the patient has a large number of easily digestible protein – for example, boiled meat, as well as complex – grains, cereals, vegetables and some fruits. Banned so-called "fast" carbohydrates, such as sweets, as well as refractory fat (lamb, pork).

The patient, when in good health, returns to normal life. Its menu is almost not different from the menu of a healthy person, except for the fact that he shows a fractional – 4-5 times a day in small portions – meals. Still should not eat large amounts of carbohydrate. In addition, has passed through the stomach removal man some kinds of exercise, particularly lifting weights.

Otherwise, in a timely manner, the resection of the stomach prevents the spread of metastases and often completely cures cancer. He lives a full life, he is healthy and happy.

Advice 2 : Can a person live without a spleen

People can live without a spleen, but the indications for its removal must be very serious, because the absence or malfunction of any organ can cause unpredictable results. In this case, such loss can affect the course of various infectious diseases by crossing it.
Can a person live without a spleen
Since ancient times, surgeons have attempted to cure some blood disease with splenectomy – surgical intervention for removal of the spleen. Unfortunately, for a long time attempts to remove the organ was not a success, since this procedure is often ended with the ingress of bacteria to the surgical wound and sepsis. With the development of medicine, surgery to remove the spleen became available, now people not only live without this organ is comfortable, but also have a chance with a healthy diet, significantly extend their life, freed from the heavy diseases of the circulatory system.


The main functions of the spleen




The spleen is one of the main organs of hematopoiesis, it is an accumulation of Mature blood cells, destruction of platelets and red blood cells that have fulfilled their functions in the body, the completion of the formation of immune cells and the capture of foreign bodies trapped in the body.
Processes in which the functions of the spleen are violated, lead to the development of dangerous blood disorders, with the necessary hormone therapy, and in the case of its futility removal of the organ.


Indications for splenectomy




Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura – this disease is accompanied by early destruction of platelets causing spontaneous bleeding occur.

2. Hemolytic anemia – a disease in which the human body begins to destroy its own blood cells (red blood cells), severe anemia develops with the lack of oxygen to all tissues of the body, which can lead to heart attacks and strokes bodies.

Aplastic anemia is a disease characterized by deficiency of all blood cells due to violations of education in the bone marrow.

Neoplastic degeneration of the spleen, chronic leukemia, not amenable to radiotherapy and chemotherapy.

Ruptured spleen, suppurative and tuberculous lesions, cystic masses.

The decision about the removal of the spleen should take doctor-a hematologist and a surgeon.
Splenectomy is carried out strictly according to indications in the presence of acute conditions, the absence of contraindications and when confidence in the absence of effect of hormonal therapy.


After removal of the spleen prognosis of severe disease is somewhat improved, as this operation allows to slow down their growth, except after splenectomy increases the body's sensitivity to medication (chemotherapy).


Life without a spleen




Time remote the spleen may be the salvation for the patient, but it is absolutely not a painless loss for the organism as a whole. Failures that occur in the absence of the spleen can disrupt the proper functioning of the human body is threatened by the fact that even simple infectious diseases can leak a lot.
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