Advice 1: What are the risks of a change of testimony in court

The change of testimony in court did not threaten the witness or other participant in any penalty if this change was allowed for objective reasons. The exceptions are the cases of giving false testimony, which is a crime and entails criminal liability.
What are the risks of a change of testimony in court
The change of testimony in court is a common phenomenon, as the witnesses or other persons who are questioned in the course of the proceedings, unable to forget or to remember specific events and circumstances relevant to the case. However, these changes must be caused by objective reasons which are not connected with the desire of the witness to enter the court into error, to prevent the imposition of lawful, informed decision. If the readings changed deliberately, that can be followed by criminal prosecution upon identifying this fact later. The basis for attraction is a special Penal code, which prohibits giving false testimony.

What happens if you change your testimony in court?

If the witness changes testimony in court pending the final decision (verdict) in a criminal case, the prosecution typically seeks the disclosure at trial of his prior testimony. Often the readings are changing in favor of the defendant, so the comparison of the results of the first interrogation and the changed data representative of the Prosecutor's office and the court are trying to figure out what information is true, establish the causes of such behavior. If the reading has changed as a result of forgetting certain parts, other objective reasons, then any responsibility is not followed, however, by the results of the interrogation of the witness the court may be treated with less confidence.

In which cases should be prosecuted?

To prosecute for perjury can be the case when on the basis of this information the court had imposed an illegal sentence, and the witness has intentionally committed such an act. Usually it turns out after a certain time after the end of the process, which had given false testimony. As a possible punishment for a given crime may be imposed a fine (up to eighty thousand rubles, obligatory or corrective works, arrest, the period which can be up to three months. The witness, giving false testimony, should be aware that it will be released from criminal responsibility if he promptly reported this act (before the verdict), that is, will not allow negative consequences from changes in readings.

Advice 2 : How to recant

Passing a witness in any criminal or civil case, you may like to give their testimony, and to refuse to give testimony. In the law the testimony of a witness is spelled out as a verbal presentation of the circumstances relevant to the case, and written, made during interrogation, and recorded by the Protocol in accordance with the law.
How to recant
Of course, officially, for giving false testimony against a witness is a punishable offence, as well as for refusal to give testimony. And before any interrogation you should know about this responsibility and to clarify your rights and responsibilities. But even the law provides exceptions that allow you to refuse to give testimony. For example, nobody can force you to testify against himself or his relatives.
If you have already given testimony, and then I wanted to give others or even to abandon them, it will automatically mean that in one case, your statement was false, so theoretically you may be brought to criminal responsibility.
But in practice it is not uncommon when a witness gives false testimony. And in very rare cases this is followed by criminal liability. It is rather insurance "horror story" for adults. So if you change your testimony, the court has the discretion to use any of the information, both primary and secondary.
To give new testimony or to opt out of the indications, wait until you will again call to give testimony. In most cases, this procedure is repeated several times. If the case is in the investigation process, then you certainly will be asked to come. You can, of course, themselves to take the initiative. Will request on an unplanned visit to the authorities, where he gave earlier testimony. And being already in place, notify us of your decision to abandon is made of the testimony.
Most likely, you will be required to explain the reason why you decided to refuse from testimony. In this case it is better to consult with a lawyer, what should you do and what to say. Because for every case and trial is an individual right.
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