You will need
- - The Constitution of the Russian Federation;
- - The code of criminal procedure of the Russian Federation;
Witnesses, victims, experts, specialists, interpreters involved in the case are required to testify on the merits of the case. For refusing criminal liability, she is threatened for false information. So, coming to the interrogation in any capacity, except the suspect, accused and defendant, tell the truth and only what they had seen and heard, not making conclusions and not stating their own assumptions.
Provide answers to these questions, without going into detail, the extra information may render you bad service: in some cases witnesses during questioning of changing their status on suspects.
Regardless of your role in article 51 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation guarantees the right not to testify against themselves and their loved ones: spouse, parents, children, brothers and sisters, grandparents, grandchildren. Disclaimer information in this case does not involve criminal prosecution.
Accordingly, the suspect, accused person or defendant are not obliged to give evidence at the inquest and in court, so if you are attracted in this capacity, do not rush to confession. Perhaps the investigator has no other evidence, and your testimony will form the basis of the charges.
Appearing for questioning as a suspect, ask for clarification of your procedural rights: to know what you suspect, give explanations and testimony in the case or refuse from giving explanations and testimony; to submit evidence; to submit petitions and challenges; to get acquainted with protocols of investigative actions and to submit comments on them, etc.
The questioning has a lawyer present: it will help to Orient in the environment, track compliance with your rights, except in his presence, you're protected from the pressure of the investigator. You can invite your lawyer, or you'll enjoy it.
If you have decided to give explanations on the case, try to answer the questions in monosyllables: "Yes", "No", "don't know", "uncertain". The extra detail useless, because they can cause harm. Don't answer leading questions: the investigator has no right to ask them.
Use some psychological tricks to not get lost and to feel confident: - don't look the investigator in the eye: my trained eye, which is difficult to withstand, it can confuse you;- twirl in the hands of a small object: a pen, a button, a coin – it will help you to take yourself in hand and will distract the investigator;- upon entering the office, start the conversation first, and in the course of interrogation, observe a pause before answering the question.
Carefully read the Protocol of the interrogation, if necessary, require to make changes and your comments. In addition, reflect the facts that speak about provided to you pressure, extortion of testimony about threats made by the investigator, if any.
Keep in mind when considering the case in court, you may refuse the testimony given during the preliminary investigation, and if other evidence of your guilt, no, the chances of acquittal are high.