You will need
- - the direction of a physician;
- - syrup or glucose tablets.
If you are constantly or periodically feel the dry mouth, increased thirst, weakness, often suffer from colds or have problems with the skin, then you need to go to therapist and get tested for diabetes. Accurate diagnosis of diabetes is the blood sugar level, which is leased on an empty stomach and with subsequent so-called "load", consisting in reception of glucose or sugar syrup with the subsequent repeated analysis.
The doctor will provide a prescription to the laboratory for analysis of blood sugar levels. Come for a blood test early in the morning, strictly on an empty stomach. Do not eat before the analysis of tea, coffee, juices, fruit drinks. Possibly even exclude the use of water.
On the eve of the analysis follow the diet during the day. Exclude from the diet of fatty, fried foods, sweet drinks, fruit, do not drink alcoholic beverages and do not smoke. This allows to obtain more reliable test results.
The first analysis you'll get from Vienna. Then, if the doctor has written out a direction on analyses with the load, you need to take 100 g of glucose tablets or syrup. After 1.5-2 hours after ingestion of glucose you take out a second analysis.
Normal indicators of a blood test with load is the sugar level to 7.8 mmol/L. If the results of the sugar level exceeds this amount, but not greater than 11.1 mmol/l – you make a diagnosis of pre-diabetes. A blood sugar level exceeding 11.1 mmol/l is diabetes.
And prediabetes and diabetes requires an adjustment of the sugar level, which is prescribed by a doctor-endocrinologist. You will prescribe medicines, re-examination, diet with counting calories and carbohydrates. In the presence of pre-diabetes and diabetes, the doctor will put you on outpatient records.
You must comply with all recommendations of the doctor to undergo re-examination and measure the sugar levels at home by using glucometer.
Advice 2: How to test blood sugar
Analysis of blood for sugar , you have to regularly pass everyone, even if you feel well, and you have no health problems. If you have a constant thirst to urgently donate blood for sugar. Wary and clinical symptoms such as General fatigue, weakness, malaise, dry mouth,itchy skin.
Tests to determine the level of sugarin the blood quite a lot: fence of a blood from a finger, from a vein with glucose load and without load, analysis of glycated hemoglobin. Indicators of sugarin the blood: 3,3–5,5 mmol/l is normal (regardless of age); 5,5–6,0 mmol/l and prediabetes; 6.1 mmol/l and higher – sugarhydrated diabetes. All these parameters are determined by sampling blood from a finger (on an empty stomach). When taking blood for sugar from Vienna, the figures of his (fasting) a few others, so the norm is about 10-12% higher (up to 6.1 mmol/l). Diagnostic indicator for sugartion of diabetes is the value of sugarin blood above 7.0 mmol/L.
In laboratory diagnosis for determination of sugarin blood apply another method is the rapid method. The results of the rapid method are considered preliminary, they are less accurate than a study performed on modern laboratory equipment. Therefore, when the detected deviation from the norm, you should retake the analysis of blood on sugar in the clinical diagnostic laboratory.
There is another test that is diagnosed sugarNY diabetes patient: sample from "sugarNoah load" or glucose. First, in laboratory conditions, determined by the level of sugarin blood fasting (withdrawing blood from the vein, then the patient receives 75 grams of glucose syrup (1.75 mg/kg for children), and after 2 hours re-analysis of blood. There are the following options: to 7.8 mmol/l is normal value; 7,8-11,0 mmol/l – the condition of pre-diabetes; more than 11.1 mmol/l – diagnosis of sugartion of diabetes.
Before the test you can eat, but in the break between the first and second analysis can not eat, drink or smoke; also restricted physical exercise, undesirable to walk, lie down or sleep on the bed – all of which can affect the quality of the research results. Laboratory tests for sugar is held against normal power mode, no need to follow a special diet, give up sweets. Not should study blood for sugar on the background of acute diseases, injuries and other conditions.
Blood sugar is an important study which is applied to disorders of carbohydrate metabolism and the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. The most vivid and the main symptom of high blood sugar in blood is polyuria. This increased excretion of urine, which is caused by the increased osmotic pressure of urine, because it dissolves glucose (normally no glucose in urine).
Blood sugar is an important method for diagnosis of diseases and pathological conditions, like diabetes, attack feohromotsitomy, hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic state and others. The rate of blood sugar. Normal levels of sugar the blood is its content in capillary blood 3,3 – 5,5 mmol / L. blood from a vein (venous) upper limit of normal is 6.1 mmol / l.
Advice 3: How to measure blood sugar glucose meter
People suffering from sugar diabetes, having a genetic predisposition to this disease or those who are carefully watching their health, it is necessary to measure the level of sugar in blood. It's not necessary to constantly go to the hospital. To know your performance can and at home by using glucometer.
You will need
- Blood glucose meter, cotton ball, alcohol test strips, a special pen to puncture.
The meter is a special device which is designed for independent measurement of sugar level in blood at home and in field conditions, i.e. outside the medical institution. It is for 8-15 seconds shows accurate result of glucose level in blood. This device is fairly simple to use and anyone can use it.
To start, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water. Next, prepare the device to work.
Lay on the table the device itself, a special handle to puncture the finger of the test strip vial with alcohol and a cotton swab. Adjust the knob to puncture. According to the instructions, set it for the necessary division, showing the depth of the puncture and pull the spring.
Remove from packaging of the test strip and insert it into the device. If you did everything correctly, the device turns on automatically.
Moisten a cotton swab in alcohol and wipe the finger you intend to pierce. Then gently pierce the finger. Get a drop of blood 2-3 mm in size, and touch to her work sector test strips. The sector should be fully filled. Keep in mind that the blood should not be spread, otherwise the puncture must be repeated.
Press the cotton ball to the puncture site and wait for the test result. Data on the level of sugar in blood you will see on the screen of the meter in just a few seconds. Then remove the test strip, after which the device will turn off automatically.
To determine the level of sugar in blood on an empty stomach, as after eating indicators may be blurred, and patients with diabetes need to test before each insulin injection. Also watch the expiration date on test strips. Thanks to self-monitoring and the continuous measurement of blood sugar level can be detected and to avoid hyperglycemia, ketoacidosis or hypoglycemia.