Tests to determine the level of sugarin the blood quite a lot: fence of a blood from a finger, from a vein with glucose load and without load, analysis of glycated hemoglobin. Indicators of sugarin the blood: 3,3–5,5 mmol/l is normal (regardless of age); 5,5–6,0 mmol/l and prediabetes; 6.1 mmol/l and higher – sugarhydrated diabetes. All these parameters are determined by sampling blood from a finger (on an empty stomach). When taking blood for sugar from Vienna, the figures of his (fasting) a few others, so the norm is about 10-12% higher (up to 6.1 mmol/l). Diagnostic indicator for sugartion of diabetes is the value of sugarin blood above 7.0 mmol/L.
In laboratory diagnosis for determination of sugarin blood apply another method is the rapid method. The results of the rapid method are considered preliminary, they are less accurate than a study performed on modern laboratory equipment. Therefore, when the detected deviation from the norm, you should retake the analysis of blood on sugar in the clinical diagnostic laboratory.
There is another test that is diagnosed sugarNY diabetes patient: sample from "sugarNoah load" or glucose. First, in laboratory conditions, determined by the level of sugarin blood fasting (withdrawing blood from the vein, then the patient receives 75 grams of glucose syrup (1.75 mg/kg for children), and after 2 hours re-analysis of blood. There are the following options: to 7.8 mmol/l is normal value; 7,8-11,0 mmol/l – the condition of pre-diabetes; more than 11.1 mmol/l – diagnosis of sugartion of diabetes.
Before the test you can eat, but in the break between the first and second analysis can not eat, drink or smoke; also restricted physical exercise, undesirable to walk, lie down or sleep on the bed – all of which can affect the quality of the research results. Laboratory tests for sugar is held against normal power mode, no need to follow a special diet, give up sweets. Not should study blood for sugar on the background of acute diseases, injuries and other conditions.