After learning about the pregnancy, many women begin to rush into extremes: one is running to the pharmacy and buy all the "useful" drugs and medicines, while others refuse to accept even the most harmless vitamins. What pills you need to drink at the beginning of pregnancy?
If you are good enough and diverse feed, then you no need to buy special vitamins for pregnant women, it is reasonable to accept in the second and third trimesters. In early pregnancy you can drink only vitamin E and folic acid. Vitamin E is prescribed for the prevention of spontaneous abortion and for the proper development of the child. His second name "Tocopherol" is translated as "producing offspring". He takes part in the synthesis of most hormones in your body.
Folic acid is responsible for mental and physical development of the baby. The lack of this vitamin affects the health of women and its capacity for nurturing. It is proved that those women who took folic acid in early pregnancy are less likely to suffer from diseases of the cardiovascular system, depression, intoxication and disorders of the intestine. If you want to boost your immune system during viral infections to keep hair and nails healthy, drink folic acid.
In addition, your doctor may schedule you "Magne B6". Magnesium participates in many biochemical reactions in the body and is responsible for the transfer of genetic information, and most importantly, reduces the muscle tone of the uterus, skeletal muscles and other internal organs. Magnesium is known for its ability to relieve stress and to reduce the hyperexcitability of the nervous system. So you can safely take these pills early in the pregnancy.
In the first trimester you have a greatly increased requirement of iodine and it is more than you can fill using the drug "codomain". Iodine participates in the formation of thyroid hormones, which directly affect the proper brain development of the child. A deficiency of this element during early pregnancy may cause miscarriage, not less dreadful consequence of iodine deficiency is the development of the baby cretinism. Therefore, to refuse to accept these pills during early pregnancy is not worth it.
If you are threatened spontaneous abortion because of a lack of the hormone progesterone, your doctor may prescribe the medication "Vitrum" or "Utrozhestane". These products contain an analogue of the natural hormone progesterone and is completely safe for mother and fetus. In the future the doctor can prescribe you other medications and vitamins depending on the condition of your health and the health of the baby. In any case, the specialists always consider the potential risk to the fetus in the use of various medicines, so do not be afraid, it is better to rely on the opinion of the doctor, so you do not regret his inaction.
Advice 2 : How to drink vitamins for pregnant women
The increased requirement of vitamins in pregnant women is associated with intrauterine development of the fetus, the formation of which the necessary organic compounds, mineral salts, fatty acids and many other substances. Their intake must be daily and most of the expectant mother gets from food. But this is often not enough, so to avoid vitamin deficiency need to take additional vitamins for pregnant women.
If pregnancy is planned in advance, start the intake of folic acid or vitamin B9. It is an organic compound necessary for the normal formation of the fetal brain, nervous and hematopoietic systems as well as for absorption of other vitamins. Moreover, vitamin B9 is required of the woman to preserve her health and ability to bear children before it was due. With the onset of pregnancy continue taking folic acid during the first 16 weeks and then the last two months. For optimal absorption, take it simultaneously with vitamin B12.
From the first days of pregnancy-start taking the special vitamins for pregnant women. Choose one drug from several: "Vitrum prenatal Forte", "Obscene", Pregnavit", "Elevit", "Complivit Mama", "Multi-tabs, perinatal". But don't take them throughout pregnancy. Be sure to take breaks, as any vitamins can accumulate in the body. A glut of them can cause toxic effects, which very adversely affect the fetus.
If required by the state or have a doctor's recommendation in between the courses, take vitamins separately. For example, during the first half of pregnancy useful vitamin E (not more than 2 months). You can also drink water soluble vitamins of group B. Some of them can be synthesized in the intestinal mucosa. But that this happened to maintain its normal functioning. Spend the prevention of constipation and stick to a healthy diet. Moreover, compliance with these requirements will help to assimilate and all the other vitamins.
In the second half of pregnancy significantly increases the need for calcium, iron and magnesium. So take them as separate medicines additionally, but not together and not as part of multivitamin complex. In spite of its balanced composition, the simultaneous intake of several vitamins and minerals slows the digestion of some of them. This is highly undesirable in periods when the need for those or other substances higher than usual.
For proper absorption of calcium, choose a combination with vitamins C and D in the composition. The drug also buy magnesium combined with vitamin B6. Be sure to take iron with vitamins B6 and B12.
Before purchasing a prenatal vitamin, carefully read the instructions for use, and even better consult your doctor.
Advice 3 : What vitamins to drink during pregnancy
During pregnancy a woman's responsibility not only for themselves but also for the condition of the unborn child. That is why it is important to lead a healthy lifestyle, a lot of time outdoors and eat right. The latter is especially important since food the body receives all the essential vitamins and minerals. But if for some reason their is not enough to compensate for the deficiency by using of pharmaceutical drugs.
Great importance in the early stages of pregnancy is folic acid, or vitamin B9. With its lack of women may develop anemia, and fetal − appearing defects. If folic acid deficiency is strongly expressed, increasing the likelihood of miscarriage and missed abortion. Since vitamin B9 is involved in the formation of the neural tube of the fetus (and it is already three weeks after conception), it is important to start taking it at the stage of pregnancy planning. If the pregnancy was unplanned, drink folic acid should from the first day of menstruation. In addition, it is important to enrich the diet of foods rich in vitamin B9. This leafy green vegetables and herbs, grains, fruits, and beef, eggs and dairy products. No less important in the early stages of pregnancy and vitamin E. It has a beneficial effect on the condition of the endometrium, improves blood circulation and helps to normalize hormonal balance. The sooner you get started taking this vitamin, this would be better for a pregnant woman and her unborn child. Natural foods rich in vitamin E, are useful nuts, bran, broccoli, wheat germ and vegetable oils. In the second trimester when all the organs and systems of the fetus is already formed, it is important to ensure adequate intake of other vitamins. Retinol, or vitamin a, essential for normal growth of the child, and b vitamins essential for nervous and musculoskeletal system. Vitamin C is important for immunity, which in women during pregnancy, usually considerably reduced. He also participates in the formation of the placenta and, therefore, useful for the growing fetus. In the later stages of pregnancy plays a huge role in vitamin D. It is necessary for normal absorption of calcium, it needs how the mother's body and the growing fetus. To get vitamin D not only of the pharmaceutical drugs and food, but also spending sufficient time in the sun. To all the vitamins coming in to the body in sufficient quantities and in proper ratio, it is better to take them separately, and in the composition of vitamin-mineral complexes, designed specifically for pregnant women. In this case, subject to the dosage indicated in the instructions, the woman can not worry about the lack of certain substances.
Advice 4 : What vitamins to take in early pregnancy
Early pregnancy is the period when the foundations are laid for the baby's health. The lack of vitamins and minerals in the pregnant woman's body can cause problems with child development. If conception occurred in summer or autumn, vitamin deficiency expectant mother is not threatened, and at other times of the year the lack of nutrients need to be supplemented by taking a vitamin-mineral complexes.
Folic acid in early pregnancy
Vitamin B9 also known as folic acid, is one of the most important substances in the early stages of pregnancy. The first few weeks after conception is the formation of the neural tube of the fetus, which determines the subsequent development of the child. A lack of folic acid leads to birth defects, e.g., spinal hernia or hypoplasia of the brain. This vitamin not only contributes to the proper formation of the fetus, but also improves the health of the pregnant woman.
It is advisable to take folic acid even before pregnancy, but if you weren't planning on conceiving, it can be done on the first day, he learned about their situation, and until the twelfth week. In day it is necessary to take four hundred micrograms of vitamin. Folic acid is sold in pharmacies in the form of tablets.
Vitamins it is desirable to support appropriate diet: folic acid is found in green vegetables, cauliflower, potatoes, beans, citrus fruit, milk.
Vitamins A and E
In the early stages of pregnancy is useful to take vitamin a, but the dose should not exceed 1300 micrograms. This ingredient supports cell division and differentiation in tissues and organs, it contributes to the development of the skeleton, nervous system and visual apparatus. But its overdose can lead to abnormal development of the child, to cause malformations of the heart and pathology of the nervous system, affect the appetite and health of the pregnant woman.
Vitamin E is involved in the production of female hormones before birth, increasing the likelihood of pregnancy but in early pregnancy it is also important, as is responsible for protection against miscarriage. Also with the help of this substance is formed in the placenta.
Vitamins A and E need to continue until the end of the first trimester.
Multivitamins for pregnant women
Pregnant women are much easier to take a good multivitamin complexes, which have all the necessary vitamins for a child's development in the early stages of pregnancy. In addition, for the formation of the fruit have sufficient quantity of minerals – iodine, calcium, iron. Thanks to these minerals and vitamins are well absorbed in the body. In multivitamins for pregnant women all these elements are contained in the right quantity. It is especially important to take vitamins, if a woman has a gynecological or other diseases, such as hyperbilirubinemia or cardenales.
Choosing a multivitamin preparation, please note that it was intended for the first trimester – in this case, it will be a sufficient amount of folic acid, dose of vitamin A is not exceeded. The most popular vitamins for pregnant women is "Abusive", "Elevit", "Pregnavit", "supradin", "Vitrum Prenatal".
Advice 5 : What to take vitamins in pregnancy
It is important to know that complex vitamins for pregnant women are the perfect complement to food. After all, balanced nutrition in "interesting" position is key to the health of the unborn child.
Do not take vitamins without recommendations a doctor, because not every woman needs them. These funds are assigned to failing nutrition, with a history of iron-deficiency and B12-deficiency anemia, if the previous pregnancy ended in a miscarriage or the child was born with congenital malformations, as well as women older than 30 years.
Do not try to choose vitamin complexes for pregnant women, since it is very difficult. They may differ in vitamins and minerals. So listen to the expert, who will talk about the advantages and disadvantages of different drugs and explain how to compensate for them. On the basis of complaints and survey results, it will determine the deficiency of vitamins and will choose the appropriate drugs.
Note that at different stages of pregnancy require different doses of vitamins and minerals. In the first trimester (before 12 weeks) it is recommended to not drink a multivitamin and a separate folic acid, iodine and vitamin E. After all, if there are not enough of these substances in the body of a pregnant woman may develop irreversible changes, contributing to the development of defects in the fetus.
Begin taking multivitamins after 12 weeks of pregnancy, provided inadequate nutrition. One of the most famous complexes is the "Elevit". It contains a lot of magnesium, which is necessary when the threat of interruption of pregnancy, and folic acid, but its composition does not include iodine.
Keep in mind that "Vitrum Prenatal" and "Vitrum prenatal Forte", combining price and quality. For these funds is characterized by a large content of iron needed to treat anemia and high dose of vitamin A, folic acid and magnesium.
If you are allergic to vitamin a and b vitamins can use the complex "ALFAVIT mother's health", developed taking into account recommendations of scientists on combined and separate intake of nutrients. If necessary simply eliminate the pill that contains undesirable substances.
In many multivitamin complexes for pregnant women there is a lack of calcium. This is because usually a large amount of this trace element enters the body of the expectant mother with food. It additional intake of the vitamin can lead to hypercalcemia. But this state is more dangerous than lack of calcium.
Do not start to drink multivitamins for moms-to-be in the planning stage of pregnancy, it is impractical. When preparing to conceive, it is sufficient to take simple vitamins.
Advice 6 : What vitamins to drink in the first trimester
Pregnancy is a wonderful time in a woman's life. The entire period of pregnancy is divided into 3 phases. The first 12 weeks - 1st trimester, from 13 to 28 week 2 trimester and 29 weeks before the end of pregnancy - 3rd trimester.
1 trimester - the most important and complex throughout pregnancy. It was at this time there is a formation of all systems and organs of the fetus. It is therefore essential that the woman received all the necessary vitamins and minerals.
The most important in the 1st trimester are group b vitamins and folic acid. B vitamins are necessary for the proper formation and development of the nervous system of the fetus, reduce the symptoms of toxicosis and regulate metabolism in women. They can be found in meat, dairy products, bread from wheat flour, bran.Their deficiency may develop heart defects, hydrocephalus of the child, the mother has morning sickness.
Folic acid is required for normal development of the spine of the fetus, its brain and spinal cord. The shortage may arise vices of their development.
Vitamin a is needed for proper development of the organ of vision, urinary system. Contained in large amounts in beef liver, eggs.In the form of beta - carotene (provitamin A) in carrots, spinach, parsley, sea buckthorn.
Vitamin D and calcium is needed for proper development of bones of the fetus. Calcium is found in fish, dairy products, green vegetables and fruits. Vitamin D in egg yolk, butter, cod liver, rapidly produced in the body by exposure to the sun. With its lack of a skeleton is formed incorrectly and is developing rickets.
Vitamin E is many times reduces the risk of miscarriage, which rises to the end of the 1st trimester. Contains peas, wheat germ, unrefined vegetable oils.
Iron is essential for preventing anemia in a pregnant woman, proper formation of blood and immune systems in the fetus. Found in liver, Turkey meat, beef, fish.
Vitamin C is needed for the formation of cartilage and bone tissue, improves the immune system. Contained in greens, berries, citrus. Iodine is required for good thyroid function of the pregnant woman. Usually it is not included in the composition of vitamins, it is administered separately.
But no matter how complete and balanced didn't eat a pregnant woman, in modern conditions it is impossible to get sufficient amounts of vitamins and minerals only from food. Therefore, a modern vitamin - mineral complexes, by which a woman's body will receive all the necessary components.
All prenatal vitamins have practically the same composition, the only difference is the doses. Elevit pronatal contains all the necessary minerals and vitamins and a high amount of magnesium, so they are recommended when the risk of miscarriage.
The alphabet: plus in the fact that the vitamins in it separated into different tablets, which makes it easy to exclude any vitamin when it is unnecessary or allergies.
Vitrum prenatal: these vitamins contain increased amounts of iron, which is good for pregnant women with anemia.
Centrum Materna: contain very large amounts of vitamin A, so it is better to take them only as directed by your doctor.
Complivit Mama: the disadvantage is that vitamins A , D and groups In it below normal. Plus the fact that they approach women who believe that they get enough vitamins with food. Now available vitamins trimestrul 1, trimestrul trimestrul 2 and 3. They increased the contents of those vitamins that are needed in this pregnancy.
Multitabs Prenatal: perfect for women with normal pregnancies, contains all the necessary vitamins, minerals in reasonable doses.
Vitamins for pregnant women it is better to take doctor's prescription, taking into account health status and needs of the increased content of a component.
Advice 7 : What vitamins mandatory during pregnancy
During pregnancy the female body need for vitamins increases: now the nutrients needed for fetal development. Pregnant women need to get from food or vitamins, folic acid, vitamins C and E,
B6, or pyrodixine. Vitamin a you should consume with caution excess it can cause the development of pathologies in children.
B6, or pyrodixine. Vitamin a you should consume with caution excess it can cause the development of pathologies in children.
Folic acid, or vitamin B9 is one of the most essential for women during pregnancy. It is responsible for the formation of the nervous system of the child for proper growth of his spine, for the development of the intellect and psyche. The shortage of folic acid the cells divide worse, with the result that can be observed pathology physical development, underdevelopment of the brain, it can also lead to miscarriage. Folic acid can be consumed along with the food: it is found in many vegetables, especially contains a lot of vitamin B9, legumes, spinach and asparagus. Doctors advise to start taking folic acid at the stage of planning of pregnancy, so the body had the necessary supply of this vitamin. With food hard to get the right amount of folic acid, pregnant women need 600 mcg per day.
Vitamin C is also important during pregnancy, although the lack of it is not as damaging as lack of folic acid. Vitamin C strengthens the immune system of the pregnant woman, protecting her from infectious diseases that can hurt the child. In addition, this substance participates in the formation of the fetus in the first trimester of pregnancy. Enough to get vitamin C from food, it contains tomatoes, parsley, lemons, olive oil and many other products.
Vitamin B6 is called pyrodoxine, this substance helps women to combat morning sickness, is able to poison life during pregnancy. Thanks to this vitamin, reduced nervousness, decrease or stop muscle spasms and cramps. The child also needs pyrodixine, it is necessary for proper formation of the Central nervous system.
Vitamin a is a vitamin of growth, and its deficiency affects the child's development in the womb. But an overabundance of this substance is also very dangerous: because of the large amounts of vitamin A may develop serious pathology. It is therefore undesirable to drink vitamin complexes with this substance in it will have products with its content – carrots, yellow vegetables and fruits.
Vitamin E helps the female body to produce sex hormones, promoting favorable conception. But during pregnancy, it is desired that the fetus was formed correctly. Vitamin E participates in the proper functioning of the placenta, protecting against miscarriages in the second trimester. Sufficient quantity of this substance will protect a woman's skin from stretch marks.
Advice 8 : What vitamins for pregnant better
The female body during pregnancy needs vitamins, which is associated with the development and growth of the fetus. Deficiency of these substances, especially in the early stages of pregnancy, may adversely affect the health of the child. In the pharmacy networks presents a great variety of multivitamins for Wome in the state.
The best vitamin complexes for pregnant women
One of the best vitamin-mineral complexes for expectant mothers is "Alphabet mother's health." It is composed of 11 minerals, 13 vitamins, and taurine. The drug was developed according to the needs of the pregnant woman's body. Available in tablets of three different colours. Because of this, if a pregnant woman has an Allergy to any element of the drug, it is possible to abandon taking pills with this substance. Also, these multivitamins contain iodine, calcium and selenium. But the drug is not folic acid, so the first 12 weeks this substance should be taken further. Proper and regular intake of ALFAVIT Mom's health reduces the risk of miscarriage, promotes adequate development of the nervous system of the fetus and calm pregnancy.
The following vitamin complex, popular among pregnant and lactating women, "Elevit pronatal". In the product contains 12 vitamins and 7 minerals. Each tablet of multi-vitamin contains the required dose of minerals, recommended for the diet of the pregnant woman. The drug helps maintain a safe pregnancy and good health of the expectant mother. These multivitamins are recommended for use for the prevention of iron deficiency anemia in pregnant women and malformations of the fetus. "Elevit does not contain iodine.
A good vitamins are considered "Vitrum Prenatal". They contain large amounts of iron, which is sufficient not only for prevention but also for therapy of initial stages of anemia. The complex also includes folic acid. However Vitrum does not contain iodine.
Other well-known vitamins
In the first trimester of pregnancy, a woman needs more vitamins and minerals like vitamins C, A, E, folic acid, iodine and calcium. In the second trimester the female body needs iron, iodine and calcium, the third iron and vitamin D, A and C. to Fill the body with the right nutrients help vitamin complexes designed specifically for pregnant.
In pharmacies you can find multivitamins "Pregnavit" that contains all the necessary vitamins in the period of waiting for a baby. But the preparation does not include trace elements and iodine. Should be afraid of taking the complex "Obscene". Although it has a sufficient amount of folic acid and iodine, but the dose of vitamins A and C too is exceeded, which can lead to unwanted allergic reactions. The drug "Complivit Mama", on the contrary, the dosage of the vitamins A and D are lower than in other multivitamins. But in winter, such a dose may not be enough.