A bit of historical facts
The first station and the line then another Metro named after L. M. Kaganovich were opened may 15, 1935 from "Sokolniki" to "culture Park" with a branch to the station "Smolenskaya".
Renaming of metro named after Lenin occurred in 1955.
In 2013, the Moscow subway of 2.49 billion, and this figure demonstrates a steady increase from 2,463 billion in 2012, 2,388 billion for 2011 and 2,348 billion in 2010.
But to achieve such performance it has been a long time. The idea of the metro in Moscow appeared the authorities of the then Russian Empire in 1875. According to her subway was to link the railway station, Lubyanka and Trubnaya square, and Marina grove. But then the project was delayed.
Again to the idea of the Moscow metro in Russia back in 1902, 1913, 1916 and 1925. However, various problems, including of a financial nature, are constantly prevented its implementation until 1931, when construction finally began.
How many stations included in the metro capital of Russia?
At the beginning of 2014 in the Moscow subway operated 194 stations and 12 lines. But only 192 of them are in the city, and two "Myakinino" and "Novokosino" - beyond the borders of Moscow.
44 metro stations in Moscow are included in the list of cultural heritage of UNESCO.
According to the plans of the city authorities, by 2020 the number of stations will increase by 62, and the length of the subway will increase by 137 kilometer 325,4 kilometers at present.
Most of Moscow metro stations Moscow, unlike, for example, the Berlin subway is underground, and only 16 above the surface. 76 of them are constructed by the method of deep Foundation.
Connect the various lines 30 hubs metro, and one of them is designed as chetyrehstennoy – "Alexandrovsky sad", "Arbatskaya", "Biblioteka imeni Lenina" and "Borovitskaya."
More stations are fixed by the same standard length – 155 meters or 8 cars with little clearance. This provision was adopted de facto in the start time of erection. But the new stations to be built by 2020, this distance will increase to 162 meters.
The exception was only the Filyovskaya line, which was originally conceived for transportation of the ruling elite of the country – the station only took the train of 6 cars, but after the development of this direction they were elongated.