Advice 1: How many Russian cities, which have metro

The world's first subway was opened in London in 1863 and consisted of 5 stations. Since this type of transport spread across the world, and has undergone significant modification. Appeared in the USSR in 30-e years, metro is still an important and integral part of the transport system in several cities of Russia.
How many Russian cities, which have metro
Various sources indicate different data about how many of all metro stations working in Russia is due to the fact that the old station closed, new, and future plans are often made for existing schemes. At last count, in all cities of Russia now operates 316 stations in the subways of the seven cities.

Moscow



The first metro in the USSR was built in Moscow and opened in 1935. The first line connected the station "Sokolniki" and "Park Kul'tury" branch to the "Smolensk". At the moment the Moscow metro consists of 12 lines, which are located on 194 stations. The total length of lines – 325 km.

Saint Petersburg



Despite the fact that St. Petersburg (then Leningrad) metro was officially opened in November 1955, the first project of its construction was submitted much earlier Moscow – in the 19th century. But for a long time were the reasons that prevented it to build – first, insufficient technical equipment, then the war.

Currently in Saint Petersburg there are 5 metro lines, including 67 stations and a total length increase of 113.6 km.

Nizhny Novgorod



Following chronology of discovery became the Metropolitan of Nizhny Novgorod, launched in 1985. The number of stations and the total length of lines of the Nizhny Novgorod metro is far behind Moscow and St. Petersburg – a total of 14 stations and 19 km.

A feature of this system is its small depth. Only two stations – "Moscow" and "Gorkovskaya" – equipped with escalators. The metro has only two lines, but there are prospects for the expansion of the subway to the World football Championship – 2018.

Novosibirsk



Fourth, Russia has become the Novosibirsk metro. It was opened in 1986 and is still the only metro in the Urals. In his Arsenal 13 stations – two lines with a length of 16 km.

Samara



December 26, 1987, the opening of the metro in Samara. At the moment built only one line consisting of 9 stations and a length of 11 km the Whole line, you can pass just 20 minutes.
However, the prospects for the construction of two more branches at 12 and 9 stations, respectively, and the extension of the first.
In Chelyabinsk for many years is the construction of the subway, but still has not built a single station. This led to many jokes on the theme that, "apparently, is too deeply buried".

By the way, in Samara underground were filmed some scenes from the movie "Metro".

Ekaterinburg



Metro in Yekaterinburg (then Sverdlovsk) was recently discovered in the Soviet Union, it happened in April 1991. At that time, the subway consisted of only three stations. Now in Ekaterinburg 9 stations located on one line with a total length of 13.8 km.

It is not known whether it is true or not, but it is believed that the Metropolitan of Yekaterinburg after its opening, was introduced in the Guinness book of records as the shortest reigning metro network in the world.
The longest and most extensive in the number of subway stations in new York, it consists of 468 stations and 337 km.


Kazan



The youngest in Russia, metro – Kazan, it was opened in 2005 in honor of the Millennium of Kazan. Originally it consisted of 5 stations on the line length of 7 km there are 10 stations on the 16 km of track by 2018 it is planned the opening of a new branch of the 18 new stations.

Advice 2 : In which city the longest and deepest metro

The longest subway in the world – Shanghai, the total length of its lines is more than 500 kilometers. Even extensive and complex of the Beijing metro is difficult to compete with him, but by 2020, perhaps Beijing will receive this title. The deepest metro in North Korea's capital, Pyongyang. But the most profound station located in Kiev and St. Petersburg.
In which city the longest and deepest metro

The longest subway in the world



According to the total length of all lines is first among metros in the world is the Shanghai metro with a length of 538 kilometres. This is a fairly young network, it appeared only in 1993, but it quickly became the longest in the world. 14 lines stretch from the downtown to the suburbs to dozens of kilometers. Despite an extensive system and a large number of trains, the Shanghai metro is often crowded. By 2020 it is planned to build several lines in the result, the length of the Shanghai metro will reach 780 kilometres.

The second longest subway in the world also belongs to China is Beijing. Through the capital of China, which covers a huge area – about 17 thousand square kilometers – is 21 line length from 12 to 57 kilometers. Its total length is 465 km.

Beijing subway began in 1965 by the experience of the Moscow builders. At first it was exclusively a military transport, and only in 1976 the line was opened for public access. Most of the lines within the city are numbered, the other leading to the suburbs, have their own names depending on the destination. They pass through the city in the form of a chessboard, forming a perpendicular and parallel lines.

Particularly rapid metro in the Chinese capital began to develop in the XXI century: its beginning was only a little more than 100 kilometers, but this figure is constantly growing, having reached 465 kilometers. By 2015, the length of the Beijing subway is expected to grow to 708 kilometers, to 2020 to achieve unprecedented value – more than a thousand kilometers. Most likely, this metro in near future will occupy the first place in length.

The deepest subway in the world



If we assume the average depth of the subway, the first place among the deepest subways belongs to Pyongyang. In the capital of North Korea railway line occur at an average depth of 120 meters under the ground, and in some places they reach 150 meters. In the rest of the metro of Pyongyang has no features: consists of two lines, the total length is about 22 kilometers.

The deepest metro station – Arsenalna in Kiev, it is at a depth of 105 meters. Although this is the title you can try to challenge: it is located under the hill, which explains its depth – many experts urge to carry out measurements depending on the level of the sea, not the earth's surface. The second depth of the station is located in Saint-Petersburg and is called "Admiralty".
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