The need for early visits to the optometrist
First visit to this specialist should be applied as soon as the baby is 1 month old.
The first inspection of the crumbs by optometrist occurs in the hospital.The fact that all children are born with hyperopia. Over time, vision returns to normal, however, this process requires monitoring by a doctor, in order not to overlook any serious violations.
Many of the defects detected in the infant at the first inspection, such as increased tears, it is very easy to cure in the shortest possible time. And some serious diseases, such as cataracts or strabismus, also can be cured by surgery in the first months of baby's life.
How is the examination of the eye
During the first year of life crumbs to an ophthalmologist is needed three times: in 1 month, six months and a year.
At the reception of the doctor using special instruments will examine the fundus of the crumbs to exclude high blood pressure or inflammation of the posterior vascular tract. Visually assess the condition of the tear ducts of the child. It often happens that in infants there is an increased lacrimation. To cope with this problem is not difficult. Optometrist will teach the mother to perform a special pressure point massage of the lacrimal sacs, and soon after the start of treatment will be noticeable improvement.
Many babies under 3 months have a functional strabismus. One or both of his eyes look in different directions. However, by 3 months everything should return to normal. If not, you must first conservative treatment, and its results may be required and surgical intervention. But to determine where the norm, and where pathology can only optometrist. Thus it is enough to see the baby and chat with his parents.
Examination of the eye is painless for the baby procedure that takes very little time. But it is extremely important for a timely diagnosis of vision problems.
Often pathology of view of the baby associated with abnormalities of the Central nervous system. Therefore, to eliminate the necessary services of an optometrist and neurologist.
Reasons for unscheduled visits to the eye doctor
In case of redness of the eyelids, increased tearing or the appearance of barley necessary examination of the child optometrist. Take the kid to the doctor, if he can't open his eyes. Concern should serve as the fact that a baby at the age of 2 months does not follow moving objects or watching by turning the head and not the eye movements. Urgently go to the hospital if the baby fell into the eyes of a foreign object.
Advice 2 : From what distance to check visual acuity
To visit an ophthalmologist must be at least once a year to avoid possible problems with vision. This event will not take much time, but the doctor will conduct all the necessary tests: test of visual acuity, fundus examination. And if necessary pick up points.
A healthy eye has a visual acuity of 1.0. Visual acuity — the eye's ability to distinguish between two equidistant points at a minimum distance from each other. Determine this figure by using the table Sivtseva-Golovin, named after outstanding Soviet ophthalmologists. It is a white poster in the left part of which has black letters and the right black closed rings (Landolt rings). And letters, and a ring divided into 12 rows on size: the largest are on the top line, the smallest on the bottom. To the left of each row shows the figures indicating the distance at which healthy eyes should distinguish this line. On the right side shows the value that indicates the visual acuity for each row. The healthy eye sees the tenth row with distance of 5.0 meters.
Procedure visual acuity is as follows. The table is placed on the wall approximately at the level of human growth. Table lighting should be very good, otherwise possible distortion, giving the wrong information to the doctor. The patient is seated on a chair at a distance of five meters from the table. One eye (usually the left) closed the special flap, the other eye the patient examine table. To increase the speed of check visual acuity is often proposed to call only 1-2 letters from each row, and read out only the latest distinct rows. Then similarly, the left eye. Usually for simplicity of notation use the letter part of the table (table Sivtseva).
When using a table Sivtseva there is a risk of getting incorrect data, because the letters are always arranged in the same order, and to remember them is not difficult. This is especially important when conducting surveys in children (in order not to miss a decrease in visual acuity) and under the military-medical commissions. To this end, all the same more efficiently using a table Golovin with the Landolt rings. However, in modern ophthalmic practice, the most used development Sivtseva, as a more simple and understandable for the explanation and for reading.
In Russia it is accepted to measure visual acuity from a distance of 5.0 meters. It is believed that at this distance the eye is able to distinguish between those values that are accepted for the absolute visual acuity. There are two parallel sticks the letter "W" in the tenth line are located at a distance of 1.45 mm from each other. In foreign medicine vision is tested by Snellen table. This table is similar to table Sivtseva, but uses letters of the Latin alphabet. By the way, abroad decided to check vision from a distance of 6.0 meters, so the size of the letters there are different from the Russian version.