Advice 1: How to determine strabismus in a child

Strabismus – deviation of the visual axis of the eye. Their motion is inconsistent. As a result, one eye looks straight and the other to the side. To determine a strabismus in a child can own.
How to determine strabismus in a child
You will need
  • - flashlight:
  • - camera.
Watch out for the baby. Usually in children with strabismus, wandering eye, they RUB the eyes, awkward bow my head to the side. In addition, it is difficult to focus the mind on a specific object.
Shine a flashlight into the child's eyes. If the reflection in both eyes is the same – no disorder. If the reflection is different, so the kid has strabismus. Sometimes the disorder help to identify photos of your child taken with a flash.
For an accurate diagnosis visit your ophthalmologist. The doctor will determine which of the two main types of strabismus suffering baby. In convergent strabismus, one eye or both eyes looking inwards. For divergent characteristically different direction in one or both eyes.
The development of strabismus occur in the first months of life. However, many children immediately after birth wandering eyes. Because eye muscles are still weak newborns, the opinion seems to be "floating". This is normal.
The sight of the baby, who is less than a month, sometimes squints when trying to focus on near objects. In addition, the impression of strabismus increases excess skin on the eyelids and a broad nose. It should be noted that this is a false impression. When the child grows up and the person will take a more definite shape, this phenomenon will disappear. If the baby is more than six months, and squint does not pass, consult your doctor.
Strengthen the health of the child from birth. Follow the vision. During diseases that weaken the muscular system of the eye and the body as a whole, do not let the child long to draw, zoom in and examine small objects. It can cause strabismus. It is also important to monitor the lighting. It should be bright enough. Effective treatment of this disorder depends on early identification of its causes.

Advice 2: How to determine intracranial pressure in a child

Intracranial pressure usually occurs due to excess cerebrospinal fluid in the cranial cavity. Increased intracranial pressure (LDPE) the child is not an independent disease, but a collection of symptoms resulting from underlying disease. To identify PVD in a child is difficult.
How to determine intracranial pressure in a child
Analyze external state and behavior of the child for the following symptoms: anxiety, irritability, rapid head growth, bulging Fontanelle large, the formation of the venous network on the head, the divergence of the cranial sutures, refusal to drink, a symptom of "setting sun" (the eyes of the "roll out" and are diverted downwards), strabismus, vomiting, frequent regurgitation in infants. In children of more advanced age: rapid onset of fatigue, mood swings, mental retardation, frequent headaches, reduced vision, vomiting, convulsions.
Contact the doctors to conduct the examination of the child. For more precise diagnosis experts will carry the baby, in addition to visual inspection, ultrasound through the fontanel (neurosonogram). When you visit the doctor's office lay a diaper on the couch, put on her child and stick to it. Before conducting the examination, the doctor will smear the sensor unit with a special gel, and then will be led this sensor on the head (the Fontanelle) of the child. Information about the presence or absence of PVD sensor will transmit to the monitor of the computer.
After completion of the examination, wipe off the baby's head with a napkin. In addition to neurosonogram possible to use other professional methods of examination of the child: a fundus examination, magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography.
If you suspect increased intracranial pressure from your child, then immediately call the doctor for urgent hospitalization of the baby, because the PVD may be accompanied by such serious diseases as meningitis, encephalitis, brain tumor, and intracranial hemorrhage.
Useful advice
If there are doubts about the diagnosis of the child, it is advisable to get advice of several doctors. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis will need to start treatment.
Is the advice useful?