Advice 1: How to arrange the sale of a suburban area

In the recent increase in transactions for the purchase of country land. Someone wants to build a cozy small house, to spend a weekend or a vacation in nature, away from the noisy city. In the future, not to face the problems, it is important when buying or selling land right to issue the contract of purchase and sale. Keep in mind that in each case the documents for the transaction individual.
How to arrange the sale of a suburban area
Instruction
1
Provide a registration service for processing the transaction of sale and transfer of ownership on real estate properly executed documents. First, the title documents for the land plot, this may be a contract of sale, gift, exchange, inheritance, etc. - and the certificate of state registration of this right, which is issued by the registration chamber of the Federation, if the land was purchased after 01.01.1998.
2
Compile and provide the text of the agreement of sale that you sign you and the buyer personally or by a representative by proxy. If in writing, two copies, if in a notarial form, more preferably, three copies. In addition, compile and submit the transfer act to the contract three copies when making the transaction at the notary.
3
Write the statements from the two parties to the Treaty on the state registration of the contract and on the state registration of the transfer of ownership. Provide a certificate of the Board of the horticultural society, in accordance with article 34 of the Federal law "On the horticultural, gardening and dacha non-commercial associations of citizens". Receive the cadastral plan of the land plot, i.e. the extract from the state cadastre of real estate site assessment. It should also be applied to General documents. If the acquisition of land suburban area occurred after 01.09.2006, the duly completed form of registration certificate of object of individual housing construction, not the passport of GUP BTI of the Federation or an extract from the registration certificate on building, which is on tejocote, which contains the inventory cost of cottage, garden or a home.
4
Provide a certificate from the tax authority of absence of tax arrears for this property from the seller. Take a notary certified consent of the spouse of the seller and the buyer for the sale and purchase of real estate of the owner, respectively, in the case where a property is acquired or sold during the marriage.
5
Provide regular passport of the buyer and seller, the payment receipt of state duty for registration of the transaction and for the transfer of ownership. In that case, when held in notarial form, please provide an extract from the register of rights to immovable property and transactions with it. All documents for state registration of rights present in two or more counterparts, one must be original, with the exception of acts of local government and authorities.
6
Sign a contract of sale of land suburban area (with or without a house), in writing, sign it from both sides (seller and buyer), making a single document. In it specify the data to accurately establish real property that is transferable to the buyer under the contract, as well as data that specifies its location on the land, in accordance with article 554 of the civil code of Russia. The value of the property specified in the contract and located on land include the value transmitted in the real estate part of the land or rights, unless otherwise provided by contract or law, in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 555 of the civil code.

Advice 2 : How to prepare the documents for the house

When the paperwork for the house should immediately draw up the documents for the land. In the state records center does not register the right of ownership of the house without documents for the land, because land is an integral part of the house.
How to prepare the documents for the house
You will need
  • The deed to the house. This can be a contract = sale, certificate of inheritance or donation. Fresh passport.
  • The documents on the ground. This can be a contract = sale, certificate of inheritance or of donation, perpetuity or on lease land.
Instruction
1
Cause special land use organization. They are on the ground carry out all necessary work. This is a measurement of the area of the earth, cartographic survey, designated the boundaries of the land. In some cases you need to produce a written agreement setting the borders between the plots, with the neighbors, if the survey was not made earlier.
2
Simultaneously, land works cause equipment from the Bureau of technical inventory. It records all changes in the layout of the house and outbuildings that have occurred since the last manufacture of technical passports, and produces a new passport in the house and outbuildings. If no changes have occurred, you still need to do a new technical certificate because the expiration date is 5 years.
3
When the surveyors do all the paperwork for the land plot, go to the Federal center for state registration, cadastre and cartography, made to give the documents on the site, it is assigned a cadastral number.
4
Once done the technical passport of the house, received the cadastral document for the land, in the state registration chamber to register the right to property. Before that you need to pay state duty. A separate receipt for the registration and registration of land.
5
You will be given a certificate of ownership, certificate of ownership of land.

Advice 3 : How to make a contract for the sale of the house

At registration of the contract of purchase andsale of the house at the same time a contract for purchase-sale of the land on which the house stands. For registration of the contract must have the certificate of ownership of the house and the land.
How to make a contract for the sale of the house
You will need
  • -passport (all participants of the transaction)
  • documents on house and land
  • -the certificate on property in building and land
  • -the cadastral passport of the land plot
  • -technical passport of the house and outbuildings
  • -notarial authorization of the sale of all owners
  • -the receipt on payment of state duty for registration of house and land
Instruction
1
For issuing a certificate of need technical passport of the building and the cadastral passport on the land plot. If you have not, then to design the technical passport at home, invite a technician from the Bureau of technical inventory. After examining your home and outbuildings, you will make a technical passport for the house. The expiration date of 5 years.
2
For registration of land, call the land management organization. They will hold the required amount of work and will produce the technical documents for the land plot. These documents need to go to the centre of land registration, cadastre and cartography. There, your site will register, will assign a cadastral number and the cadastral passport issue.
3
Technical passport of the house, cadastral passport for the land plot, the available documents on the house and land, you must visit the public registration center real estate listings. On the basis of these documents, you will be given a certificate on property house and land.
4
If the house and land are still the legal owners, they must consent to the sale of house and land. It will produce and certify the notary, in the presence of all the owners.
5
Having all the necessary documents can a notary to execute the contract of purchase andsale for a house and land and go to register it to new owners.
Note
List of documents for sale of land with house listings. • Cadastral passport of the land plot or cadastral extract. • Extract from the Unified State register of rights to immovable property and transactions with it about absence of encumbrances on land and buildings. • Certificate of book value (if necessary).
Useful advice
Under current law, selling a country house is made together with the land on which it is built. It is usually together with the house sold and all located in the area of structure and buildings (outbuildings, bathhouses, garages, sheds, extensions, etc). In legal practice, this is done using the concept of "household", so keep in mind that in Addition to the listed legal documents required for sale of house and land you need the list of documents

Advice 4 : How to make buying and selling real estate

All documents related to the sale of real estate must be documented legally. Otherwise you will not be able to prove the fact of transfer of money to register the object with your name to register it.
How to make buying and selling real estate
Instruction
1
If you are a seller of real estate, prepare the documents for signing of the preliminary contract of purchase andsale. You will need:
1. Certificate of registration of the object (the document specifies the owner or several co-owners, and the nature of the property).
2. Documents confirming your right to possession of the property (the contract of purchase and sale, gift, exchange, etc.).
3. Technical passport of the structure.
4. Extract from the house register.
5. Reference on absence of debts on utilities and property tax. Receipt for payment of utilities.
6. Help BTI (it is to certify that the property belongs to the owner and is not under arrest, is confirmed by the absence of other restrictions, specify the address of the object, its area – General residential, net book value). Help attached floor plan.
7. For transactions under the contract of donation and the certificate of inheritance will require a certificate from tax inspection about payment of the corresponding tax.
8. If the apartment or house registered minor children, you will need the permission of the guardianship.Prepare as a personal passport, a certificate from the police Department about issuing a new passport (if you changed the former), marriage certificate (if one of the owners changed the name), of the notary certified permission of the spouse (spouse) on sale of property, birth certificates of children (if they live on sellable area).If you sell a house with land, you will need the cadastral plan of the land plot.
2
Agree with the buyer about the size of the Deposit and go to the notary office. The buyer will only need a passport.
3
A notary make and sign a preliminary agreement for sale and purchase, the Deposit agreement, the receipt of money from the buyer.
4
The final contract sign off when sold from the premises all be written out. Arrange the transfer of money for the property. If your area is free legally and physically, and you have on hand all the documents for the transaction, you can directly sign the final contract of sale (the transfer of money stipulated in his signature).
Useful advice
The owner of the purchased property, the buyer becomes only from the date of registration of the transaction in the organs of state Registration.

For the transaction to be valid, must have both parties ' capacity and competence. A necessary condition is that the parties 18 years of age.

Don't forget about taxes and tax deductions.

Advice 5 : How to register a home built

It seems there is a plot and building on it, and the joy of this enough. Because the case is still not completed. Build a house, you have not found time to register the building and to the right of home ownership. This building must officially register in order to place the house on and subsequently be able to leave it as a legacy to their children.
How to register a home built
Instruction
1
Today there is a possibility of registration of the housing in a simplified manner on the basis of law No. 93-FZ about dacha Amnesty.
2
According to this law you should contact the office of the Federal registration service and to provide them with the necessary documents.
3
You'll need a document establishing your right to the site. This may be old is the certificate of your right of ownership to the land, the act of granting land or extract from the household book that you have a right to this land. If you have previously registered right to land, then you should not require any more legal documents.
4
To legal document you need to add a cadastral passport for the land plot. To contact the district office ROSNEDVIZHIMOSTI and provide them with legal title to the land. On the basis of this document will prescribe the cadastral passport on the land. This procedure can take up to 30 days. Learn about the delivery of the documents in advance.
5
Also you have to prepare documents that confirm the presence of the house. These documents include the cadastral passport of the house or the Declaration. You will need it if your house was built within the settlement.
6
For the cadastral passport at house go to BTI. In order to issue you a passport, employees of local ice should come to your home and measure all the parameters to make them a passport. For this service You have to pay.
7
If your home was built a long time ago and you have a technical passport of the old sample, the new you do not need.
8
After receiving all these documents, the office of the Federal registration service will register the building on you.
9
A simplified procedure is valid for buildings erected on the site, which was provided for personal use for the construction of up to 30.10.2001 and will have the power to 1.03.2015. If the land was given to you after 30.10.2001, then their right of ownership you have to prove in court.
10
To do this you must collect all the documents, write a claim for recognition of ownership of the house and to give it all to the court for consideration and decision. On the basis of a court decision you refer to the registration authority, which will issue you a certificate of ownership to the house.
11
The same fate awaits those who do not register their house in time to 1.03.2015.

Advice 6 : How to arrange the sale of a suburban area

In the recent increase in transactions for the purchase of country land. Someone wants to build a cozy small house, to spend a weekend or a vacation in nature, away from the noisy city. In the future, not to face the problems, it is important when buying or selling land right to issue the contract of purchase and sale. Keep in mind that in each case the documents for the transaction individual.
How to arrange the sale of a suburban area
Instruction
1
Provide a registration service for processing the transaction of sale and transfer of ownership on real estate properly executed documents. First, the title documents for the land plot, this may be a contract of sale, gift, exchange, inheritance, etc. - and the certificate of state registration of this right, which is issued by the registration chamber of the Federation, if the land was purchased after 01.01.1998.
2
Compile and provide the text of the agreement of sale that you sign you and the buyer personally or by a representative by proxy. If in writing, two copies, if in a notarial form, more preferably, three copies. In addition, compile and submit the transfer act to the contract three copies when making the transaction at the notary.
3
Write the statements from the two parties to the Treaty on the state registration of the contract and on the state registration of the transfer of ownership. Provide a certificate of the Board of the horticultural society, in accordance with article 34 of the Federal law "On the horticultural, gardening and dacha non-commercial associations of citizens". Receive the cadastral plan of the land plot, i.e. the extract from the state cadastre of real estate site assessment. It should also be applied to General documents. If the acquisition of land suburban area occurred after 01.09.2006, the duly completed form of registration certificate of object of individual housing construction, not the passport of GUP BTI of the Federation or an extract from the registration certificate on building, which is on tejocote, which contains the inventory cost of cottage, garden or a home.
4
Provide a certificate from the tax authority of absence of tax arrears for this property from the seller. Take a notary certified consent of the spouse of the seller and the buyer for the sale and purchase of real estate of the owner, respectively, in the case where a property is acquired or sold during the marriage.
5
Provide regular passport of the buyer and seller, the payment receipt of state duty for registration of the transaction and for the transfer of ownership. In that case, when held in notarial form, please provide an extract from the register of rights to immovable property and transactions with it. All documents for state registration of rights present in two or more counterparts, one must be original, with the exception of acts of local government and authorities.
6
Sign a contract of sale of land suburban area (with or without a house), in writing, sign it from both sides (seller and buyer), making a single document. In it specify the data to accurately establish real property that is transferable to the buyer under the contract, as well as data that specifies its location on the land, in accordance with article 554 of the civil code of Russia. The value of the property specified in the contract and located on land include the value transmitted in the real estate part of the land or rights, unless otherwise provided by contract or law, in accordance with paragraph 2 of article 555 of the civil code.

Advice 7 : How to get documents in a private home

If the documents in the house , no, in their design, you can use the Federal law 93, which allows for simplified registration of property rights to buildings that were erected on the plots, obtained before the entry into force of the Land code of the Russian Federation, that is, 30 October 2001.
How to get documents in a private home
You will need
  • application of BTI;
  • - documents for the land plot;
  • - excerpt from the cadastral passports of buildings and land;
  • - copy of the cadastral plan of buildings and land;
  • - the statement in FPRZ;
  • - receipt of payment for the registration;
  • - your passport.
Instruction
1
To place documents in a private house, built illegally on the site, contact the BTI. Apply to call the technician for carrying out the list of necessary services on the basis of which you will draw up technical and cadastral passport for it, and will produce a plan of the structure erected.
2
Apart from the application form you must present your passport, existing documents of the land. This can be a lease, sale, certificate of inheritance or deed of gift. If the plot you have no documents, you will receive a statement of their household book in a local municipality, contact the Federal Office for the unified accounting of land, cadastre and cartography (Rosnedvizhimost), call engineer on cadastre and carry out the procedure of land surveying, to put the site on the account and obtaining a cadastral passport and a plan. Data documents you will need for the registration of ownership of land, as erected structure located on the land and the land is an integral part of building the house.
3
If you receive an easement, you will receive a decision of the local municipality on the transfer of land ownership. But, you should conduct a survey, as described above.
4
The technician from BTI will inspect all of your buildings. On the basis of the examination you will be necessary documents for registration of property rights. Get the extract from the cadastral passport of the building and parcel copy of cadastral plan , the houseand plot.
5
Refer the documents to the Federal Office of the state registration center. Write a statement, pay for check your rights of ownership. On the basis of the submitted documents and statements of your rights register (art. 122 of the Federal law).

Advice 8 : How to execute documents for the purchase of a home

Buying a home is a very important step. Before you sign the contract of purchase and sale, you need to ensure not only the reliability of the acquisition, but in the legal safeguards of the transaction.
How to execute documents for the purchase of a home
You will need
  • - agreement of purchase and sale;
  • - certificate of no lien on the house and the debt outstanding;
  • - certificate of ownership;
  • - the documents confirming presence or absence in the house of children or incapacitated persons, having residence permit;
  • - the act of transfer-acceptance of the house.
Instruction
1
If an incorrect registration of the contract you risk being left with nothing, while spending a considerable sum of money. When buying a home, be sure to verify the lawful rights of the owner, check his certificate of ownership. Also ask to see you certificate on absence of arrests and taxes.
2
Ask also if the house minor children and incapacitated citizens, and if available, request permission to deal of the guardianship and de-registration of family members. Otherwise, the contract may be declared null and void.
3
The contract to purchase the home apply for in writing and assure at the notary. Although the notarization of the contract is not a prerequisite for buying a home, but it is an additional guarantee of its legality.
4
At the conclusion of the contract of sale, specify the actual amount of the transaction. Of course, the lower prices will reduce the amount that you pay tax, but when you return the money as a result of termination of the transaction, you may get the amount that was specified in the contract and not paid real.
5
In conclusion, take the house on the act of transfer and acceptance. Thus check whether the data of the apartment or house, as specified in the contract with real. If not, do not sign the certificate, otherwise the fact of fraud you will have to prove in court, and this will be quite difficult.
6
At the slightest mismatch of the terms of the contract and the actual condition of the house, ask the seller to address the deficiencies identified. Unable to reach a supplementary agreement, where you specify all the defects of the house and determine the amount of its reduced value as a result of such deficiencies.
7
After completion of the transaction sign the house over to your name in the Unified register of rights to immovable property and transactions with him will receive a certificate of ownership.

Advice 9 : How to buy house with land property

According to the Federal law No. 122-F3, the transaction of purchase and sale of any property subject to state registration in the Federal Office of the state registration center. On what basis have the rights of ownership of the property. To buy a house and adjacent land plot in the property, it is necessary to prepare a number of documents for state registration.
How to buy house with land property
You will need
  • - documents for the transaction;
  • - personal documents of the seller and the buyer.
Instruction
1
If you buy a house and land independently, without attracting professionals from real estate Agency, you should carefully read the documents from the seller and close the deal in accordance with all requirements of the current legislation at the time of purchase.
2
Your seller is required to prepare a package of documents on the basis of which you will be able to enter into a contract of sale, to execute an act of transfer and acceptance and submit the documents in PPRC for the registration of ownership of purchased property.
3
Read the passport of the seller. If the property sells notary Trustee, make sure that the power of attorney has not expired. For this it is useful to contact the notary office at the place of issuance of a power of attorney and to pay the notary for issuing information on the validity of the document.
4
Your salesman needs to have a fresh extract from the cadastral passport at house and on the land plot, copy of cadastral plan, the house and the land. For the transaction is required to have a certificate of ownership of the sold estate, extract from the house ofnovel books and personal accounts, notarized permission from all joint owners if the certificate of ownership provided by several persons (article 244 of the civil code). If the seller of the property is located in a registered marriage in which you purchased the property, a notarized authorization for sale required from the other spouse (article No. 34 of the RF, article 256 of the civil code).
5
If the house and land have the right of ownership of minor, incapable, partially capable person, make sure that you have a decision of bodies of guardianship and guardianship, which permits the alienation of property (art. № № 28, 29, 26, 30 of the civil code).
6
If all documents are in order, enclose a notary or a written agreement of purchase and sale and register the act of transfer and acceptance. Contract and certificate must be issued on separate house and land. If you make these documents in written form, consider the article №№ 550, 421, 420, 549, 432, 554, 317, 555, 292, 558 of the civil code. In these legislative acts the detailed explanation of the right of conclusion of the contract.
7
After the transaction register its ownership rights in PPRC. In one month you will become a full owner of the purchased property and will get the certificate of title to house and land.

Advice 10 : Country site: how to buy and not to regret

Country plot – a great opportunity to relax from the hustle and bustle. It is possible to grow organic foods, or simply to gather with friends, enjoying the tranquility and beauty of nature.
How to buy country land
Instruction
1
If you decide to buy country land, first think about how it should be. You need just a bare land where you grow vegetables and fruits, or you dream of a house? Whether a large estate with trees, a pond or a forest? But maybe you prefer a secluded spot, far from busy roads and talkative neighbors on the site. It all depends on your possibilities. But remember that the big plot requires more time and money on his departure.
2
You can search for the desired plot on their own, and can seek the services of a selling agent of real estate. If you choose the second option you save yourself from solving many of the problems associated with the search cottages. But for these services you will need to pay a certain percentage of the transaction.
3
Choosing the plot, a note on the ecological state of the territory: close landfill, or waste disposal. Consider the development prospects of the area, the possibility and cost of connection of necessary communications.
4
The important point when buying a suburban area is the land category to which it belongs. Not at all permitted to erect housing structure. The best option for the garden – lands of the villages.
5
Verify documents for finished real estate. Make sure that this plot belongs to the seller. To do this, look his passport and the original certificate of ownership. Read the papers on the basis of which he possessed a country property. And make sure that he is the sole owner of a suburban area. Otherwise, he should be signed the consent for sale from other owners.
6
Buying real estate in gardening, in no case do not stop your choice on the non-privatized area. To acquire it, ask the owner first right to register the property.
Note
Refer only to those realtors that have a license to engage in this activity.

Advice 11 : How to sell the cottage

Selling suburban area like any other property, has a number of features. It differs primarily, documents on sold property. Their proper execution depends not only on the speed of sale of villas, but the price.
How to sell the cottage
You will need
  • - passport of the owner;
  • - title documents;
  • - extract from the State land cadastre;
  • - technical passport of buildings.
Instruction
1
Having made the decision to sell a country site, collect all necessary documents. You must be of legal document confirming ownership of real estate, extract from the State registry of cadastral and technical passports for buildings. And in the case of several owners on the site – their written consent to the sale of the cottage.
2
If the site you are at the right of permanent perpetual use or inheritable possession, you need to privatize land. To do this, write an application to the Department and the land Committee in your area, gather the necessary documents, the list of which depends on the form of ownership, and provide all of it to the Committee. Over the next month, you will receive a decision of the land Commission on allocation of land in your property.
3
Submit this resolution and the landmark case of land in the cadastral chamber, where it is put on the cadastral account. After that, the documents are returned to the land Committee for the contract of privatization. Further, the agreement shall be registered in the State registration chamber and only after that you will appear a certificate of ownership in a suburban area. Prices for this design are set by the administration.
4
To obtain the extract from the land registry, which shows the boundaries of the land plot and the cadastral number, should apply to the cadastral chamber in your area. The owner must have the certificate of ownership.
5
After collecting all the necessary documents, expose the property for sale. To search for clients independently, and you can take the help of realtors. In the latter case, those wishing to purchase a cottage can be faster, but you will need to pay the Agency a certain percentage from the transaction.
Note
The formation of the pre-sales of documents can be assigned to the agent.

Advice 12 : How to quickly sell the cottage

Speed the sale of a suburban area depends on many factors, ranging from the season and ending with the price. In any case, the more and more you will come to the sale of villas, the faster the customer is located.
How to quickly sell the cottage
Instruction
1
Consider the seasonality of sales. The demand for any property falls in the summer months, so to put the country on sale in early summer is not quite reasonable.
2
In advance, prepare all the necessary documents. For sale suburban area, you need a passport owner, the title document that confirms your right to own property, extract from the State registry of cadastral and technical passport of existing construction. But if you are not the only owner, the necessary written consent to the sale of other holders. The absence of even one of these documents may significantly affect the buyer's choice.
3
Poreklamirovat the country. To do this, place the announcement of sale of photographs on all possible resources. For example, there are many websites that allows you to do this absolutely for free. But if you want to see your ad in the forefront, you will need to pay a certain amount. In addition, publish an announcement in Newspapers or magazines dedicated to real estate. Some of them you can also do this without pay.
4
In the ad, focus on the benefits of your site – buildings and utilities, proximity to infrastructure and public transport. Or, conversely, distance from city, quiet and beautiful countryside.
5
Place the ad in the holiday village. Write about it on your own fence and post information on poles along the main road.
6
Tell us about the sale of the site to all my friends and ask for their help in finding buyers. Sometimes it gives excellent results.
7
If possible, reduce the cost of selling real estate. The low price usually is a big benefit for the buyer.
8
Finding a buyer, prepare a contract of sale of real estate. A model agreement is annexed to the civil code of the Russian Federation and to find it in the service of Rosreestr. At the conclusion of the contract should specify how and in what period of time is calculated between the parties.
9
Signed a contract to give the check to the service of Rosreestr in your region. Usually the registration takes about a month. After this period you will be given a certified copy of the contract and the purchaser – the certificate of registration of ownership of real estate. After that, your country will move to a new host.
Note
To save yourself from possible problems and errors when drawing up the contract of sale, you can seek the help of a real estate Agency. Only in this case you will need to pay for their services.

Advice 13 : What to look for when buying a country house?

The trend in recent years is that more and more residents of big cities are thinking about buying villas. A cabin with a small plot is not only enjoying the beautiful views and the cultivation of vegetables in the kitchen garden, but also a very promising investment.
Sale villas
Buying any property, whether Villa, private house or apartment in a high-rise building is not easy and requires a thorough approach. The main task in the transaction of purchase and sale is not a visual inspection of the purchased object, and scrupulous checking of all necessary documents.

The list of necessary documents when buying a country house and land



The key to a successful, and most importantly – safe for the buyer of the transaction of purchase and sale of real estate is a so-called "ideal" set of documents, which consists of the following notarized papers:

- certificate of state registration of ownership home, which should be included with the contract of sale and instruments of privatization;

- certificate of state registration of rights to use land, which may be the property of the seller, the object of the lease, permanent use, lifelong inheritable possession. To the certificate shall be accompanied by the title documents (the data type of the specified documents actually in the certificate);

In addition to the two certificates with all necessary documents, should contain the cadastral passport at house and land; technical and boundary plans for land, technical passport at home; a notarized statement of the marital status of the seller; documents confirming the absence of debts on municipal payments.

Pitfalls



With the purchase of cottages and land should be aware of some important nuances that an unscrupulous seller may try to hide.

Not often, but there are cases when the seller does not have any documents that would confirm his right to the property, however, solemnly swear that the cottage and land belong to him and no one else. Better with these sellers not to enter into any transactions, and if the cottage is much like, it is necessary to force the seller to execute all necessary documents. Also, do not give the Deposit to the seller that does not have the appropriate documentation.

The document, which will be sure to pay close attention when making the purchase and sale of property – marriage certificate of the seller. If the person is married, the object offered for sale, legally belongs to his wife (spouse) also. In order to protect themselves from possible litigation by one of the spouses must be obtained from all property owners notarized consent.
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