Advice 1: How to treat wounds in cats

Cats, especially walking on the street, often get wounds: scratches, bites, cuts. With bites, deep cuts, severe frostbite, it is better to go to the vet. Minor wounds can be treated at home, once again not to irritate the animal clinic.
How to treat wounds in cats
Neatly and securely lock the cat with the help of the assistant. In the case of injury of a limb has the sense to put her on her back. To capture an animal by the scruff, and each pair of legs "in the castle." Particularly violent or scared animal can swaddle in a towel or blanket, leaving only access to the affected area.
Inspect the wound. It can be fresh or old. In the first case, it may ooze blood or pus stand out. Chronic wounds are characterized by inflammation, traces of pus or scab.
The hair around the wound wastegate with sharp scissors. Also the area around the wound may be lubricated with a neutral cream or vaseline. All this is necessary to ensure that the hair does not get in the wound. A fresh cut or scratch should be washed with hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine. Gently with a cotton swab to wipe the wounds all the dirt and wool.
Treat the wound with antiseptic spray. Veterinarians use Terramycin", it is freely sold in vetapteka. But you can use any other medical analogue of this drug. Shallow scratches are just grease paint.
If the blood of the cat has a bright red color and comes with shocks, it is likely that she has damaged the artery. In this case, it is recommended to use a tourniquet above the wound and immediately contact your veterinarian.
Chronic wounds with signs of inflammation or pus treated with an antibiotic ointment, such as "Mitogenome". Apply ointment on a gauze pad, apply to the wound and bandage. The bandage needs to be changed every day until the inflammation passes.
Do not self-medicate in the case of bites from wild animals (they can carry rabies). Deep wounds require surgical treatment.
Fever, lethargy or depression – a reason for immediate treatment to veterinary experts.
Useful advice
Make sure that the cat does not rasizada the wound (not ripping off the bandage), to rip off the bandage the cat hurt "Elizabethan collar".

Advice 2: How to treat cut wounds

Incised wounds, as their name suggests, applied cutting objects such as knives, blades, broken glass. The danger of the wound is determined by its depth, because when immersed wounding object in tissue can be damaged due vessels, nerves and organs. Treatment of incised wounds has some peculiarities. What if someone from your immediate circle was cut with a sharp object?
How to treat cut wounds
You will need
  • - sterile gauze;
  • - antiseptic solution;
  • - harness;
  • - a solution of iodine;
  • the wounds of "Levosin" or "nasal spray";
  • - ecoplastic;
  • - the bandage;
  • - saline solution.
If damaged vessels stop bleeding. To select the optimal method of hemostasis identify the source of bleeding: veins, arteries, or capillaries. If Vienna is injured, dripping blood has a dark color. When the wounded artery, the blood has scarlet color, sometimes you may notice a pulsation of blood flow. When damage to the capillaries on the surface of the wound is combined arterial-venous blood, bleeding, usually scant and decreases rapidly on their own. To stop capillary and small venous bleeding apply pressing bandage gauze impregnated with an antiseptic solution. It was applied to the wound and hold until complete hemostasis. Strong venous and arterial bleeding to stop with a tourniquet above the injury site. In the absence of the harness receptacle clamp fingers. Compression is valid for 1.5 hours in summer and 1 hours in winter. During this time, the victim should be taken to emergency room. If you need a longer hemostasis the pressure on the weakened vessel every 40 minutes to 3-4 minutes, and then a finger or a tourniquet is placed again.
After stopping the blood proceed to the processing of wounds. Brush the edges with a solution of iodine. The actual wound, wash with plenty of 3% solution of peroxide. Remove all foreign objects, splinters, scraps of clothing.
If the wound is small and not accompanied by damage to major blood vessels, nerves and organs, apply the ointment "Levosin" or "nasal spray", cover with a sterile gauze bandage and fix everything with a band-aid or bandage. Next, change the dressing 2 times a day until complete healing of the tissues.
If there is nerve damage, which subjectively is felt as a loss of sensation or injury has affected an organ that can be suspected in the shock state of victim, simply cover the wound with a sterile gauze bandage as quickly as possible and transport the victim to the nearest medical facility. Damage of the anterior abdominal wall and falling out of her intestinal loops in no case do not try to straighten them inside. Overlaid intestine wipes, moistened with saline, and then cover with sterile gauze.
Is the advice useful?