Advice 1: How to treat wounds in cats

Cats, especially walking on the street, often get wounds: scratches, bites, cuts. With bites, deep cuts, severe frostbite, it is better to go to the vet. Minor wounds can be treated at home, once again not to irritate the animal clinic.
How to treat wounds in cats
Instruction
1
Neatly and securely lock the cat with the help of the assistant. In the case of injury of a limb has the sense to put her on her back. To capture an animal by the scruff, and each pair of legs "in the castle." Particularly violent or scared animal can swaddle in a towel or blanket, leaving only access to the affected area.
2
Inspect the wound. It can be fresh or old. In the first case, it may ooze blood or pus stand out. Chronic wounds are characterized by inflammation, traces of pus or scab.
3
The hair around the wound wastegate with sharp scissors. Also the area around the wound may be lubricated with a neutral cream or vaseline. All this is necessary to ensure that the hair does not get in the wound. A fresh cut or scratch should be washed with hydrogen peroxide or chlorhexidine. Gently with a cotton swab to wipe the wounds all the dirt and wool.
4
Treat the wound with antiseptic spray. Veterinarians use Terramycin", it is freely sold in vetapteka. But you can use any other medical analogue of this drug. Shallow scratches are just grease paint.
5
If the blood of the cat has a bright red color and comes with shocks, it is likely that she has damaged the artery. In this case, it is recommended to use a tourniquet above the wound and immediately contact your veterinarian.
6
Chronic wounds with signs of inflammation or pus treated with an antibiotic ointment, such as "Mitogenome". Apply ointment on a gauze pad, apply to the wound and bandage. The bandage needs to be changed every day until the inflammation passes.
Note
Do not self-medicate in the case of bites from wild animals (they can carry rabies). Deep wounds require surgical treatment.
Fever, lethargy or depression – a reason for immediate treatment to veterinary experts.
Useful advice
Make sure that the cat does not rasizada the wound (not ripping off the bandage), to rip off the bandage the cat hurt "Elizabethan collar".

Advice 2: How to treat a deep cut

Cut everyone can – when cooking, sharpening a pencil or knife, Stripping the wire, on the walk. Well, if the wound is small. However, the cuts are very deep. Most importantly in this case – not to worry, and properly handle the wound and in time to see a doctor.
How to treat a deep cut
You will need
  • A sterile bandage or cloth, ammonia, consult a doctor.
Instruction
1
Prepare a sterile bandage. Apply it on the wound and firmly press down. This is necessary in order to stop the bleeding, which is when a deep cut can be quite generous. If the wound is within reach of the victim, he may want it himself. Otherwise will have to resort to the help of others. If a sterile bandage could not be found, use a clean cloth or napkins that are stacked in several layers.
2
Once the bleeding is removed, bandage the wound using a sterile bandage or clean cloth. If you have no bandage, but there is iron, iron the towel, t-shirt or any other fabric at a high temperature and use it as a bandage.
3
If the cut is on a limb, it is necessary to reduce the flow of blood. For this you need to lift the injured arm or leg, putting it under her pillow, folded blanket or clothing. After the bandage is fixed by bandages, compare the color of the fingers on the injured and healthy limbs. Bluish discoloration of the skin means that the bandage is applied too tight and should loosen them up a bit.
4
See the blood seeping through the bandage. If this happens, apply a second layer of bandage. Add a new layer without removing the previous one, to a blood clot on the surface of the wound was not damaged. If the bleeding has not stopped after fifteen minutes, it is necessary to immediately call an ambulance. When you stop the bleeding and satisfactory condition of the victim go to an injury.
5
Prepare ammonia, he may need during the trip. The doctor will examine the wound and, if necessary, impose seams, process it with special substances and give its recommendations. You have to make a special antiseptic ointment, individually or in the clinic to monitor the condition of the wound and come on consultation to the doctor for a checkup and removal of stitches.
Note
Never inject hydrogen peroxide in a deep cut. This can lead to embolism by air bubbles, i.e. air from entering the blood stream. Do not fill deep wounds with iodine or alcohol, do not rinse with water, do not apply ointments, do not put in the wound wool.

Advice 3: How to treat the bite of a domestic cat

Biting Pets – a fairly common phenomenon. To such a injuries are not serious, although they can carry a certain amount of risk. The bite of a cat, like a dog bite, may, for example, result in contamination. Whatever this bite must be properly treated.
How to treat the bite of a domestic cat

Wash the wound


The first thing you need to do as soon as possible to clean the wound. The bite may not be deep, however wash it you still need, the mouth of a cat contains a large number of microbes that are potentially dangerous for human health. Rinse the wound with plain water. In the case of severe bleeding and deep bites will cover the wound with a bandage and go to the doctor, she needs to see a specialist.

Deep wounds are not the only reasons for seeking medical help. Contact your doctors if you feel severe pain, they can indicate nerve damage. Do not attempt to self-treat if you have disease not allowing the body to fight infection (diseases of the liver and lungs, diabetes, etc.).

Complications


If you are asked to physicians, considering that the wound is not serious, it can appear infection. It is likely to spread on an already dead part of your skin. In such cases, doctors sometimes do not hurry to treat the bites. Some such injuries are given a few days, they began to heal themselves. This time is necessary to ensure that the bite does not contain more infections. Then the injury is sutured in the usual way. In some cases, the bite can be deep enough to require surgery for its treatment. However, this most often occurs through the bites of dogs than cats.

Drug


In addition to handling the bite doctors may prescribe various antibiotics that will help to prevent further spread of the infection. Bites of cats, antibiotics are prescribed more frequently than dog bites. This is because the risk of catching an infection from a cat bite is much higher. Antibiotics are also prescribed in cases where the injury over time does not pass, and only causes more and more discomfort, if you are preparing for surgery and you must get the infection under control as soon as possible. Indications for use of this is and complications of trauma, e.g., redness, the appearance of tumors, bleeding, etc.

Rabies


Rabies is an extremely dangerous disease that is passed from animals, for example bites. The most common cause of this disease become stray dogs, however, might be dangerous and can bite cats. Rabies progresses very quickly, so if you have a suspicion that the cat may be infected (for example, you don't know, did the master of her flu shot), immediately seek medical help.

Advice 4: How to treat cut wounds

Incised wounds, as their name suggests, applied cutting objects such as knives, blades, broken glass. The danger of the wound is determined by its depth, because when immersed wounding object in tissue can be damaged due vessels, nerves and organs. Treatment of incised wounds has some peculiarities. What if someone from your immediate circle was cut with a sharp object?
How to treat cut wounds
You will need
  • - sterile gauze;
  • - antiseptic solution;
  • - harness;
  • - a solution of iodine;
  • the wounds of "Levosin" or "nasal spray";
  • - ecoplastic;
  • - the bandage;
  • - saline solution.
Instruction
1
If damaged vessels stop bleeding. To select the optimal method of hemostasis identify the source of bleeding: veins, arteries, or capillaries. If Vienna is injured, dripping blood has a dark color. When the wounded artery, the blood has scarlet color, sometimes you may notice a pulsation of blood flow. When damage to the capillaries on the surface of the wound is combined arterial-venous blood, bleeding, usually scant and decreases rapidly on their own. To stop capillary and small venous bleeding apply pressing bandage gauze impregnated with an antiseptic solution. It was applied to the wound and hold until complete hemostasis. Strong venous and arterial bleeding to stop with a tourniquet above the injury site. In the absence of the harness receptacle clamp fingers. Compression is valid for 1.5 hours in summer and 1 hours in winter. During this time, the victim should be taken to emergency room. If you need a longer hemostasis the pressure on the weakened vessel every 40 minutes to 3-4 minutes, and then a finger or a tourniquet is placed again.
2
After stopping the blood proceed to the processing of wounds. Brush the edges with a solution of iodine. The actual wound, wash with plenty of 3% solution of peroxide. Remove all foreign objects, splinters, scraps of clothing.
3
If the wound is small and not accompanied by damage to major blood vessels, nerves and organs, apply the ointment "Levosin" or "nasal spray", cover with a sterile gauze bandage and fix everything with a band-aid or bandage. Next, change the dressing 2 times a day until complete healing of the tissues.
4
If there is nerve damage, which subjectively is felt as a loss of sensation or injury has affected an organ that can be suspected in the shock state of victim, simply cover the wound with a sterile gauze bandage as quickly as possible and transport the victim to the nearest medical facility. Damage of the anterior abdominal wall and falling out of her intestinal loops in no case do not try to straighten them inside. Overlaid intestine wipes, moistened with saline, and then cover with sterile gauze.

Advice 5: How to treat fungus on skin the cat

In cats at any age may experience different manifestations of the fungus. The main thing for the owner to recognize and properly treat skin fungus in cats. After all, incorrect treatment, or its complete absence is fraught with grave consequences for the pet.
How to treat fungus on skin the cat
Any fungal infections in cats that cause all types of mushrooms, is a very dangerous disease. Spores of these fungi are constantly flying in the air and consequently deposited on the skin and mucous membranes the skin of cats. In small amounts on the skin and in the ears fungus in cats is always, and absolutely not cause any trouble neither the cat nor its owners. The disease of mycosis occurs only in cases where the immunity of the cat is weakened, and it can happen for a variety of reasons. Therefore, to treat the disease should not superficially – skin, but inside.

Looks like fungus in cats



Often fungal infection in cats is formed at the damage site of the skin. It can be any tiny scratch or a wound. It does not matter the size of the lesion, the disease very quickly and thrown in the healthy parts of the skin. Yesterday soft and smooth skin covered with crusts, scabs, have an unpleasant odor, constantly itch and irritate the cat.

What may occur



Causes of fungal infection in cats are many and seemingly mutually exclusive. So, the lack of care of the skin consistently causes the formation of fungus in cats, but excessive grooming is also capable of provoking its rapid, uncontrolled development. Pay attention to the brush that combed their favorite. It should not be too hard, otherwise it will permanently traumatize the skin, causing the development of mycosis in cats.

How to treat



First of all, to go to the vet. He will check the General condition of your cat and will prescribe individual treatment. Usually the shear area of the skin affected by the fungus, after which the lesion is applied ointment levomikol, for example. Sometimes compresses or pressovanie of the hearth, if it's a wet wound. And, of course, appointed as special diet, vitamin complexes that restore the ailing immune system of your cat. The main thing in the treatment of mycosis in cats do not tighten. Fungus in cats treated incredibly long, even if symptoms disappear almost immediately. Please follow all recommendations of vet. Because the fungus can freely go in person, if you start the treatment. Yes, and your cat will be very uncomfortable unless treated, the fungus will come back again, and it will happen fast enough.

Advice 6: How to treat ringworm in cats

Common skin disease cats – ringworm is not a sentence. Now there are many ointments and medicines, which quickly and successfully cope with the disease. It is sufficient to observe some rules of hygiene, regularly treatment of wounds. A sick cat should be isolated in a separate room.
How to treat ringworm in cats
Surprisingly, in Soviet times, in veterinary clinics cats, sick ringworm simply put to sleep. It was considered very dangerous to keep such animals in the apartment, because the disease is easily transmitted to humans, and the controversy of lichen can be preserved on the items in the house.
Disputes depriving well destroyed when kvartsevanie premises with bulb and wet cleaning of the surfaces of the chlorinated solution. During the treatment of rooms of people and animals inside shouldn't be.


Now cats for that reason not put to sleep, vets prescribe different treatment methods, which are reduced to the outer wounds and the adoption of integrated medicine. Also, some veterinarians are doing double and triple vaccination from depression, considering them as one of methods of struggle. However, in the West, like vaccinations, for example, "Poliwag" or "Wandern", is used only as a preventive measure, but not for treatment.

Ringworm is a skin disease caused by fungus. A nasty fungal diseases that are easily transmitted to the human and animals in contact and treated for quite a long time.
At the time of illness deprive the cat should be isolated in a separate room or even a large cage. Especially important is quarantine in the house if there are children or other animals.


Treatment of the foci


To lubricate the parts of the skin affected by ringworm, very effective are antifungal creams that are sold in pharmacies and can be used for the treatment of humans and animals. Treatment with ointments cats need to keep them licking the medication, otherwise you may get poisoned. The best are these ointments and creams as "Fungoterbin", "Terbinafine", "Nizoral", "is not", "the last time". There are special veterinary ointment: "Yam", "Sulfur-tar," spray", Zoomicon", but they are more toxic means.

Complex preparations


For large lesions or if the disease is not amenable to external treatment is prescribed complex medication for ingestion. They come in the form of tablets and injections. Some owners of cats are easier to give pills. If the cat resists and doesn't eat the medication can go for treatment to a veterinary clinic for staging shots or do them yourself.

Good results show the drugs as "Rumiko" and "Itraconazole". They are available as capsules with the microgranules. Average weight cat quite one-fourth of the capsules. Granule sleep and interfere in breadcrumbs, then in this form swallowed by the cat.

From injections effective "Griseofulvin" and "Terminated". They are available in the form of solutions for injection in ampoules of 5 ml. Cat is administered not more than 1-2 ml Injections are cats doing in the thigh 2-3 times at intervals of 3-5 days.

Treatment from ringworm can take anywhere from 14 days in mild cases, up to two months – in severe forms of the disease.
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