- flat is well ventilated containers with low edges
Advice 2 : When you collect the first harvest of strawberries
Advice 3 : When ripe early strawberries
Usually strawberry seedlings are planted in the garden in late summer or early September to give the plant an opportunity to take root and stand the test of winter cold. If this deadline you missed, it is recommended to delay planting until mid-April. Early strawberry varieties experienced gardeners planted under the film, because it allows them to get the first crop of berries in may.
To know when ripe early strawberries, you should be familiar with the characteristics of the variety. This herbaceous plant can bear fruit only once during the warm season or have sposobnosti repeatedly to blossom and bear new fruit within one vegetation period (everbearing strawberry).
Among the first group can be identified such early varieties as "Olivia", "Cleary", "Czech Beauty", "dawn", "Kama". With proper care for seedlings they can begin to bear fruit already in 15-22 may. During the first summer month you can collect quite a bountiful harvest of strawberries. The period of activity in cultivars with single fruiting is very short, however, in favourable climatic conditions they are able to go through another development cycle and bring new and abundant harvest.
Berries everbearing varieties if they are grown under plastic flooring, also begin to ripen early – late spring. Fruiting strawberries will come in waves: in June you will get the first harvest; in early July the bushes will be a second batch of berries in mid-August will begin the third stage of fruiting herbaceous plants.
Popular everbearing varieties of strawberries – "Queen Elizabeth 2", "Brighton and Hove", "Lyubava", "the Rhine waltz", "Tribute", "Uralochka". If there is no frost, they can give you the fresh berries even in September. Autumn winter-hardy plants are covered, and overwintered leaves in the spring immediately accepted to work for the harvest."
Some varieties remain dormant overwintering buds. Once prigreet sun of may, the strawberry comes early flowering and you get the long-awaited sweet berries.
Advice 4 : When ripen strawberries
Already not unusual in many areas of steel remontant varieties that produce fruit two to three times during the summer. They bloom, too, from early may to October, and fruiting occurs almost continuously, but in waves. The first notable harvest in early June, in mid-July appears on branches with berries, and in the middle of August is another harvest. If the weather conditions this year were favorable, there is a probability of receiving and the fourth harvest, which falls in the middle of October.
Strawberriesgrown under greenhouse conditions, of course, begins to bear fruit sooner than planted in the open ground. For greenhouse varieties are "Burned" and "Wave". They are grown in enclosed greenhouses or winter heated rooms. These varieties are characterized by high yields and a dense structure of the pulp of the berries, thereby they well endure transportation over long distances. The ripening of strawberries these varieties in the first half of June. Fruiting can last for almost a month – until mid-July.
Varieties grown in the open ground – "Desna", "the little Mermaid", "Pocahontas", "Mascot", "festival", "Cambridge" in the mid-latitudes begin to bear fruit by the end of June. But it has its own peculiarities. Early varieties: "Olivia", "clearys" appears in the beds the first week you can start to collect "Elsanta", "Festival" and "Capital", a week – "Prezent", "Gigantella", "Arosa", the latter will ripen "Pegasus", "Camera", "Tarusa".
For the term maturity is also influenced by the selection of a site for planting. It needs to be Sunny, not flooded and well-fertilized. If you plant the varieties of different ripening its crop you can collect in a month and a half.
Advice 5 : When and how to plant strawberries
- - strawberry seedlings;
- - humus or compost;
- - superphosphate;
- - potassium sulfate or ash;
- - water for irrigation.
Advice 6 : How to grow sweet and big strawberries
Advice 7 : How to achieve a rich harvest of strawberries
A thorough inspection
If the strawberry leaves have wrinkled and acquired a yellowish tint, strawberries infected with strawberry mite. If you do not fight it, first, reduces the winter hardiness of the plants, and secondly, the harvest will be reduced by almost half.
After harvest, carefully inspect all bushes, remove the diseased and destroy them. The remaining bushes cut off all the leaves leaving only the heart. Treat strawberries with hot water (about 60-65 degrees). You can spray karbofosom (½ tsp per 10 liters of water).
If the strawberries looks healthy, not infected by pests, cut off the leaves after harvesting is not necessary. It is sufficient to remove only the dead leaves and logopatologii bushes.
To prevent spray and strawberry infusion of garlic (two heads of crushed garlic per 10 liters of water).
First remove all the weeds in strawberry plantations, then shallow loosen the soil. Then over mulch strawberry beds with organic fertilizer: backfill under clumps of compost or peat layer of 2-3 cm.
During this period, the strawberries need nitrogen: feed the plants with ash (4 cups per 1 square meter). After the fertilizer is well-pour the strawberry.
Work with a mustache
In early July, the strawberries start intensively growing shoots, that is a mustache. It's time to prepare the seedlings out of the sockets on the mustache two - three years of strawberries.
Separate outlet with the beginnings of roots from the parent plant. To outlet quick start, put them for 8-10 hours in a solution of a growth stimulant. Then put the socket on the beds with fertile and loose soil — nurseries. Distance between plants 20-25 cm Pour and the first time pritenyayut from the sun, light material. In 2-3 weeks (end of July) the seedlings will be ready for transplanting to a permanent place. Young bushes should have three leaves and well developed root system with a length of at least 5 cm.
Advice 8 : 5 components of an excellent crop of strawberries
How to plant strawberries and to care for her, to get a large crop of excellent berries? Here are five key components of success.
The right choice of beds. One of the most important decisions of a green thumb is not what he wants to plant strawberries, and where he is going to do. The area for planting the strawberry plants should not be located on the southern slope, where the snow melts earlier than in other places of the site, leaving the plants without protection in the spring frosts. Also, do not position the bed in the lowlands, due to excessive coolness or highly susceptible to wind place, for the same reason. A bed to align and make a small slope to the southwest. The location of the area for strawberries in a few years need to change. The more bushes to plant, the harvest will be smaller. The optimal distance between seedlings and 40-50cm.
Selection of seedlings. Selecting plants it is necessary to pay attention to attractive, well-developed root system, fairly large plants. When landing it is necessary to shorten the roots to inches and to place them vertically in the soil.
Site preparation and planting plants. To prepare the beds thoroughly to remove weeds, dig over the soil several times, treated with ammonia solution to destroy insect larvae. Spring to produce mulching the area with compost, spread on top of agrotextile or roofing. In the material to make holes through them into the soil to plant strawberry bushes. This is to ensure that in the garden grew only berries, no weeds. With the same purpose, to plant the strawberries in the soil, and then mulch of dried pine needles.
Fertilizing and watering. You do not need much to fill in the area with seedlings of strawberries, but also to prevent the drying of the soil also should not be. Fertilize and special integrated nitrogen fertilizing is necessary several times a season.
Preparing for the winter. The best protection for berries in winter, will serve as a snow cap. But while the snow still fell, late in the fall to make soil mulching around the bushes and cover the strawberries with a thin layer of straw. In the spring of of excess coating to remove.
Advice 9 : When strawberries ripen in the Moscow region, Leningrad region and Krasnodar
When strawberries ripen in Krasnodar
The end of may, and in stores of large cities of Russia are already beginning to receive the strawberry. In most cases, these berries are imported from Spain, Turkey, Israel, but among them you can find and Krasnodar strawberries. Yes, do not be surprised, in Russia these berries appear earlier (but only in the southern regions), for example, early strawberries in Krasnodar ripens in late April-early may, and the mid - in mid-may. However, depending on weather conditions, the timing of its maturation may change.
When strawberries ripen in the suburbs
In Moscow, the strawberries ripen a month later than in the Krasnodar region. For example, if planted early in the greenhouse, the first berries can be eaten in early June if planted by mid-season, then the harvest can begin in mid-June (at planting in the greenhouse) or late June (when landing in open ground). It should be noted that if the weather is overcast and not particularly warm, above the ripening berries can "lag" for a few weeks.
When strawberries ripen in the Leningrad region
Leningrad oblast is just North of Moscow, but weather in these two areas is virtually identical. Hence it can be concluded that the ripening of strawberries in the Leningrad region is similar to the ripening of these berries in the Moscow region. If this difference is, it is insignificant, not more than a week.