Perhaps the most fragrant wild berry – wild strawberry. It has a wonderful taste, it makes a great jam. Strawberries grow in abundance on the edges of birch, coniferous and mixed forests, on meadows and hillsides, preferring a rather dry sod-podzolic soil. It is also found in the forest between the trees, but much less likely, because likes the lighting. Absolutely cannot stand excessive moisture, therefore, does not grow in swamps.
Ripening wild strawberries depend on the specific climatic conditions of a particular locality. In most parts of European Russia it is possible to start collecting from the first decade of June, the harvest usually lasts two to three weeks.
Cranberry, by contrast, thrives in the swamps, so that is where her and collect. In this dark red acidic berry a lot of advantages: it has a lot of vitamins (especially vitamin C), other nutrients, its teas have a tonic and antipyretic activity. Delicious famous cranberry juice. Cranberries are harvested from mid-September to early October.
Cranberries – a small, dense Burgundy-red berry, often with a white sideways. This is very useful berry. A decoction of leaves of bilberry helps in the kidney disease, the berries are beneficial for rheumatism, tuberculosis. Pickled cranberries – a great side dish to meat, poultry, fish. Due to the high concentration of natural preservative – benzoic acid this berry for a long time does not deteriorate. It is harvested in the second half of August to early September in coniferous forests and peat bogs.
Extremely useful also blueberries. It is eaten fresh, candied, cooked from it jam, jelly. It has beneficial effects on vision, removes disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the oral cavity. Growing blueberries in coniferous forests, peat bogs, sometimes on the mountain slopes, it is harvested in July-August.
Of course, we cannot forget about the forest raspberries. Although its berries are smaller than garden berries, they are also delicious and fragrant. Raspberry has antipyretic action, normalizes metabolism. In many parts of the Siberia forest raspberries have a great length and very thick. So the locals, gathering berries, were talking loudly from time to time knock on metal objects: and in order not to lose each other, and to scare away the bear who also loves to eat this sweet berry. Terms of gathering wild raspberries appear on the end of July – beginning of August.
Advice 2 : How to pick blueberries
To say that the wild strawberries, to say nothing. This is a real storehouse of minerals and vitamins, has been successfully used not only in cooking but also in medicine. Blueberries will help with indigestion and vision will improve. If you have ever in your life gathered the blueberries by hand, you probably know what hard work it is, but this berry is worth it. But if you have to first go to the forest for berry, read tips and advice.
The blueberry Bush is a survivor, which begins to bear fruit immediately, but only after four or five years. At the age of ten the Bush reaches maturity and bears fruit to the maximum. And only forty years the plant calms down and goes on a holiday. However, it is not recommended to pick berries with an aged shrub, which reaches the age of twenty years. It may be that the blueberries will be those useful properties and components that are so important.
To determine the approximate age of the Bush is not as difficult as it might seem at first glance. In the first year of life shoots look like thin green twigs. Side branches appear only in subsequent years, thus, the bigger the shrub branches, the more he is. To determine the age of the blueberry, count the number of annual prirostov, starting with the thinnest branches and ending with the main trunk.
Blueberries ripen in late June, it was during this period and should go to the forest to collect them. Best time for collecting blueberries – evening or morning. Going into the woods, don't forget to bring mosquito repellent (spray, cream or aerosol), because these blood-sucking insects, like people, prefer the blueberry. It is desirable to collect the berries by hand, even if you are the owner of a special berry rake, because they cause great damage to shrubbery, as with blueberries and raked leaves. After that Bush for a long time can not recover. Think not only about themselves but also about the natural environment, perhaps you will have nothing to collect next year after this looting.
Put hand-picked berries in small plastic buckets or wicker baskets. It is not recommended to pour the blueberries from one vessel to another, since the tender skin of berries can crease and give juice.