Usually strawberry seedlings are planted in the garden in late summer or early September to give the plant an opportunity to take root and stand the test of winter cold. If this deadline you missed, it is recommended to delay planting until mid-April. Early strawberry varieties experienced gardeners planted under the film, because it allows them to get the first crop of berries in may.
To know when ripe early strawberries, you should be familiar with the characteristics of the variety. This herbaceous plant can bear fruit only once during the warm season or have sposobnosti repeatedly to blossom and bear new fruit within one vegetation period (everbearing strawberry).
Among the first group can be identified such early varieties as "Olivia", "Cleary", "Czech Beauty", "dawn", "Kama". With proper care for seedlings they can begin to bear fruit already in 15-22 may. During the first summer month you can collect quite a bountiful harvest of strawberries. The period of activity in cultivars with single fruiting is very short, however, in favourable climatic conditions they are able to go through another development cycle and bring new and abundant harvest.
Berries everbearing varieties if they are grown under plastic flooring, also begin to ripen early – late spring. Fruiting strawberries will come in waves: in June you will get the first harvest; in early July the bushes will be a second batch of berries in mid-August will begin the third stage of fruiting herbaceous plants.
Popular everbearing varieties of strawberries – "Queen Elizabeth 2", "Brighton and Hove", "Lyubava", "the Rhine waltz", "Tribute", "Uralochka". If there is no frost, they can give you the fresh berries even in September. Autumn winter-hardy plants are covered, and overwintered leaves in the spring immediately accepted to work for the harvest."
Some varieties remain dormant overwintering buds. Once prigreet sun of may, the strawberry comes early flowering and you get the long-awaited sweet berries.
Advice 2: When ripen strawberries
Already not unusual in many areas of steel remontant varieties that produce fruit two to three times during the summer. They bloom, too, from early may to October, and fruiting occurs almost continuously, but in waves. The first notable harvest in early June, in mid-July appears on branches with berries, and in the middle of August is another harvest. If the weather conditions this year were favorable, there is a probability of receiving and the fourth harvest, which falls in the middle of October.
Strawberriesgrown under greenhouse conditions, of course, begins to bear fruit sooner than planted in the open ground. For greenhouse varieties are "Burned" and "Wave". They are grown in enclosed greenhouses or winter heated rooms. These varieties are characterized by high yields and a dense structure of the pulp of the berries, thereby they well endure transportation over long distances. The ripening of strawberries these varieties in the first half of June. Fruiting can last for almost a month – until mid-July.
Varieties grown in the open ground – "Desna", "the little Mermaid", "Pocahontas", "Mascot", "festival", "Cambridge" in the mid-latitudes begin to bear fruit by the end of June. But it has its own peculiarities. Early varieties: "Olivia", "clearys" appears in the beds the first week you can start to collect "Elsanta", "Festival" and "Capital", a week – "Prezent", "Gigantella", "Arosa", the latter will ripen "Pegasus", "Camera", "Tarusa".
For the term maturity is also influenced by the selection of a site for planting. It needs to be Sunny, not flooded and well-fertilized. If you plant the varieties of different ripening its crop you can collect in a month and a half.
Advice 3: Why are strawberries not fruiting
- - acrylic;
- - needles or other;
- - insecticides.
The biggest harvest of strawberries gives before the age of five, and then you need to replace with new young plants. So if your garden beds for many years, I don't think it has a lot of strawberries. Not sparing, dig out the old bushes and put the outlet from the most productive varieties. Better not to take planting material from a strawberry, and you can buy seedlings or grow it yourself from seed. Fortunately, the stores are full of seed yielding and promising varieties of the strawberry.
It so happens that 2-3 year old strawberries are not fruits. This can happen due to poor care in the past year, when he laid the kidneys. So be sure to fertilize the planting from August to September. This is the period when strawberries are preparing for the new season and is forming buds. 2-3 summer the strawberries may not bear fruit if there was a severe winter and some or all of the buds were frozen. That doesn't happen again, covers the beds of pine needles, straw or other material and sprinkle with snow.
Spring frosts are recurrent, and the strawberries have already started to produce shoots from the buds. And if they freeze slightly, then almost every blossoming Bud in the middle, black. From this flower won't berries. Therefore, cover the strawberry in spring in time of frost covering material, such as acrylic.
When the bad rainy weather strawberry blossoms, but the berries are not fastened or tied bad, because bees and bumblebees can't fly. Here no, because it all depends on the vagaries of the weather.
This phenomenon happens in old strawberry, as well as the bad varieties. So buy planting material from reliable sellers. Choose the variety that suits your climatic zone, otherwise the strawberries will bear fruit.
To reduce the yield pests, such as the strawberry weevil. It lays its eggs right in the Bud. To fight pests of strawberries and other garden plants, from early spring. To do this, use insecticides.
Advice 4: When ripe tangerines
About tangerine tree
Citrus fruits belong to the Rutaceae family and are divided into 7 subfamilies. Mandarin - from the subfamily Pomerantseva. Vegetation most citrus fruits begins in the usual Central Russia time - in late April or early may. In the Mandarin starts friendly and powerful growth of shoots with young leaves. Old, dark foliage on branches that grew previously, is preserved, like all evergreen trees. Tangerines have the lifetime of the list - 2 years, so the growth of new leaves and branches accompanied by a massive two-year defoliation of the leaves. Falling leaves in tangerine groves stretched from spring to mid-summer, fading gradually.
The young shoots are growing stronger, and leaves them darker, Mandarin begins to bloom. This happens at the end of may and the first half of June. The flower petals pink and white and very fleshy, once the tangerines begin to wither, the soil under the trees covered with them. After flowering is over, a second wave of growth of the shoots. Them rises less than in the spring, and they are formed mainly in the crown.
On the ensuing maturation of the fruit takes several months. Sometimes the ovaries produced a lot, and in June-July, half of them fall off. To regulate fruiting, flowering period trying to cut off the excess of the ovary, which only Deplete a tree. This is a very laborious process, but the quality of the crop it affects the best way.
Tangerines ripen in autumn. The fruits are edible in October, but at this time they are still very acidic. Full maturation occurs from mid-November to late December in some varieties. After harvest tangerine trees continue growing season, not dropping leaves. In the winter months tangerine groves comes a brief period of rest.
Tangerines new crop in stores
All the heat-loving citrus fruit, and tangerine in this respect - the most unpretentious of the family. Ripening the fruit of the tree is also smaller than oranges, lemons and grapefruits. Mandarin is grown in the republics of Central Asia and the former Soviet Union - in Abkhazia, Georgia, Azerbaijan. Many varieties of Chinese tangerines and many other citrus fruits never displayed in the middle lane, and those who were not in China, not even know about their existence. For example, very few know about the existence of red lemons.
For the most part, the implementation of the fall all Turkish tangerines. This citrus fruit medium size, bright yellow and fragrant, to bring them starting sometimes in mid-November. First they are a bit unripe and sour taste, but it can delegate a few days at home and then become sweet. No way to distinguish the Turkish from the Abkhazian tangerines that taste sweeter and softer. They are removed from the trees and bring more Mature than Turkish. In the markets very often give Turkish mandarins for the Abkhaz, but a real opportunity to meet them does not appear before December, when they ripen at home.
The bright orange color of oranges "clementines", which is imported from Morocco, appear in stores until the end of December. These mandarins are very fragrant and the price is always more expensive than Turkish, but in size larger.
The most juicy, sweet and large tangerines appear only for the New year. They are bright orange and bring them from Spain.
Advice 5: When ripe cherry
Cherry is a stone garden culture, growing as a Bush or a tree. Cherry tree reach a height of up to five meters and are most common in the South of black earth and North Caucasus. In the middle zone of Russia is more common Bush varieties of cherry, reaching a height of three meters. With regard to fruit ripening data of horticultural crops, it depends on their place of growth and variety. Currently, there are cherry early maturity ("Memory", "Enikeeva", "Sania"), to feast on the fruits of which are already in the middle of June, middle ("Youth", "Octave", "Radonezh"), maturing in early July, and late ("zhuravka", "Labska", "Rusinka"), fruiting in late July - early August. It should be noted that the time of maturation of all the above varieties of this provided that orchard crops are grown in the Central part of Russia, the ripening of the same varieties located in the southern regions, there comes a little earlier.
If you have decided on your plot to plant a few bushes of cherry, we suggest that when purchasing seedlings to prefer regionalized varieties (varieties recommended for cultivation in your region). In addition, be sure to ask about the yield of horticultural crops, disease resistance, winter hardiness, and the size and taste of berries. For example, the largest and most delicious fruits of the cherries varieties "Volochaevka", "Youth", "Memory Enikeeva", the most resistant to kokkomikoza are Turgenevka, "Robin", "Brunette", monilia "Oleoresin", "chocolate".
As cherry - very photophilous plant and more demanding than Apple and pear trees, planting and care should be taken with the utmost seriousness. Unfollow to put the data horticultural crops on heavy clay soils, peatlands, areas with poor lighting, the lowlands, etc. the best option for planting - well-lit South side of the plot with sod-podzolic soil, on the North side which has a fence or structure protecting from cold winds.
Advice 6: When strawberries ripen in the Moscow region, Leningrad region and Krasnodar
When strawberries ripen in Krasnodar
The end of may, and in stores of large cities of Russia are already beginning to receive the strawberry. In most cases, these berries are imported from Spain, Turkey, Israel, but among them you can find and Krasnodar strawberries. Yes, do not be surprised, in Russia these berries appear earlier (but only in the southern regions), for example, early strawberries in Krasnodar ripens in late April-early may, and the mid - in mid-may. However, depending on weather conditions, the timing of its maturation may change.
When strawberries ripen in the suburbs
In Moscow, the strawberries ripen a month later than in the Krasnodar region. For example, if planted early in the greenhouse, the first berries can be eaten in early June if planted by mid-season, then the harvest can begin in mid-June (at planting in the greenhouse) or late June (when landing in open ground). It should be noted that if the weather is overcast and not particularly warm, above the ripening berries can "lag" for a few weeks.
When strawberries ripen in the Leningrad region
Leningrad oblast is just North of Moscow, but weather in these two areas is virtually identical. Hence it can be concluded that the ripening of strawberries in the Leningrad region is similar to the ripening of these berries in the Moscow region. If this difference is, it is insignificant, not more than a week.