Inflammation of joints of various etiology are called arthritis. Allocate monoartrit (the affected one joint) and arthritis (multiple joints affected). Inflammation of joints can occur in acute or chronic form. In chronic arthritis patients complain of feelings of stiffness in the joint, and pain that intensifies during movement.
In acute arthritis, or the aggravation of chronic pain syndrome is growing in the region of the joint appears swelling, the skin over the joint is hyperemic and hot to the touch. It is urgent to consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. If the inflammation of the joint is not treated, it can lead to irreversible changes and then require surgery to restore his mobility. The types of arthritis according to the etiological causes: rheumatoid arthritis, infectious arthritis and gout. Each of them has its own characteristic clinical picture, peculiarities of course and treatment.
Unfortunately, to date, there are no radical methods of treatment of arthritis, but the clinical symptoms of inflammation can be significantly reduced and thus to suspend the development process. To modern medicinal drugs used in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis include: anti-inflammatory (corticosteroid hormones and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) and anti-rheumatic drugs (gold salts). Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs include: salicylates (aspirin) and disalicylate (Nurofen, bonifer).
To choose the correct treatment regimen with all the features of the disease (activity of the process, stage of development etc.), as well as the presence of comorbidities capable qualified personnel only. In addition to the course of drug therapy by the podiatrist for You individually to develop a program of physical exercises that you will perform independently or under the supervision of a doctor in physical therapy.
When the penetration into the cavity of the joint by a variety of pathogenic bacteria can develop infectious arthritis. This type of arthritis requires urgent and immediate treatment, as it no therapy can lead to complete destruction of joint tissues and the development of sepsis, cellulitis and osteomyelitis. Therapy are appointed Antibacterials with broad spectrum of action, necessarily performed immobilization of the joint. May be required and surgery: an autopsy and drainage cavity of the joint. The treatment is performed in a hospital, the patient is discharged to outpatient aftercare, appointed physiotherapy, vitamin therapy, shown Spa treatment in remission.