Advice 1: How to avoid getting chicken pox adult

Chickenpox is a disease caused by the herpes virus type III (Latin name Varicella Zoster). Ill with chicken pox can children and adults, but unlike adults, kids are much worse tolerate this disease. To avoid getting chickenpox, you should know how to protect themselves from this disease.
How to avoid getting chicken pox adult
You will need
  • water;
  • - essential oils (tea tree, eucalyptus and bergamot);
  • - antiviral drugs, for example, "Viferon".
Adults infected with chickenpox as children, that is airborne. The contagiousness of the virus causing the disease reaches 100%, so when dealing with a sick person's chance of Contracting chickenpox great.
The incubation period in adults can last longer than the standard one to three weeks, so in some cases infected with chicken pox and could not understand where he got the sickness. Besides the peculiarity of this disease is that the infected person becomes a potential threat to others long before the appearance of distinct symptoms of chickenpox. Patients with chickenpox is contagious until, until no new lesions appear, and the latter is covered with a thick skin.
Given the high contagiousness of the virus and the complexity of diagnosing the disease in its first stages, the main preventive measure to prevent infection chickenpox remains quarantine, i.e. complete isolation of the infected person. This protective action will prevent the spread of the virus outside of the house.
The Varicella Zoster virus is not resistant to the environment and is very afraid of drafts, so often arrange ventilation of the room in which the infected isolated. In addition, regularly wet cleaning.
Essential oils of tea tree, eucalyptus and bergamot possess antiviral properties and can be used not only during treatment of chickenpox, but also as prevention.
Chicken pox if someone got sick from relatives, contact with which have every day, take anti-viral drugs, for example, "Viferon". An additional advantage of these drugs – strengthening the immune system.
Chickenpox is accompanied by severe pruritus, but in any case the skin to brush otherwise there will be scars.
Useful advice
Traditional treatment for chickenpox is "Brilliant green" - less effective than antihistamines and pain relievers lotions, for example "Calamine Lotion".

Advice 2: How not to catch chicken pox from a child

In childhood, chickenpox is relatively easy, and three weeks after the onset of the disease the kid in the green spots returns to school or kindergarten. With adults the situation is different – high fever and rash, traces of which can remain for a lifetime, a variety of complications. If you not had chicken pox, you should take measures to not catch it from the child.
How not to catch chicken pox from a child
You will need
  • - vaccination against varicella;
  • - "Acyclovir";
  • "Cycloferon".
Varicella vaccines have been developed that can completely protect themselves from disease or to be had in mild form. Do the vaccine to both adults and children over the years. Adolescents over thirteen years of age and adults should receive the vaccine twice, the kids also shot once. The vaccine act begins within seventy-two hours, so if you came home sick, it makes sense to be vaccinated.
Try to minimize contact with the infected child. Pass care to a spouse, the grandparents, her aunt, the people who managed to recover from chickenpox. There is no shame, because otherwise your family will have to care for two patients.
Chicken pox is a disease transmitted by airborne droplets. Therefore, you should make the standard for the prevention of diseases such measures. Regularly ventilate the room and wear a gauze bandage. Select a sick child separate bowl, towel. This will reduce the risk of infection. How often do the cleaning, clean the objects with which contact sick child, a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Person with low immunity is much easier to catch than healthy ones. Constantly strengthen your immune system, eat fruits and vegetables, take vitamins and sleep well. Of course, this doesn't protect you completely from the risk of getting sick, but the chances of chicken pox will be less.
Integrated reception "Acyclovir" and "Cycloferon" can protect the adult from chicken pox, even if he is in constant contact with the infected child. Usually "Acyclovir" is prescribed to drink within three weeks of the child's illness, "Cycloferon" is accepted only in the first week, while chickenpox is contagious. If you decided to protect themselves by medication, you should consult with your doctor about your medications and their dosages.

Advice 3: How not to get herpes

Herpes is a viral disease that is transmitted by direct contact with a sick person or when using common household items. To prevent cold sores, you must follow certain rules of personal hygiene.
How not to get herpes
You will need
  • - antiseptic gel or soap;
  • - individual personal hygiene and utensils;
  • - chlorine-based products;
  • - a condom.
First and foremost, a sick person needs to protect close relatives against infection. After treatment of the affected areas, wash your hands thoroughly with antiseptic gel or soap. Use personal hygiene products, bed linen, towels, pour boiling. Use separate utensils after every meal wash with chlorine-containing agent. After using the toilet make disinfection of the toilet with chlorine agents. The virus may be present on the plastic up to 4-6 hours.
If you are infected with genital herpes through sexual contact use a condom, even if the external signs of the disease disappeared completely. But even condom use can't give the partner guarantees that he will not become infected. Poor quality or excessively porous latex easy to transmit herpes simplex virus, and in any case, putting himself in danger. Therefore, the best option will be complete abstinence from sex with an infected partner.
To not get herpes from the patient, carefully observe good personal hygiene, wash hands with an antiseptic soap or gel, use PPE, personal hygiene. Take a separate bowl, spoons, forks, after eating, wash them thoroughly and store separate from utensils of an infected person.
Unfortunately, even these methods do not give 100% guarantee that contamination will not occur. The virus is transmitted by droplets, by sneezing, coughing, even in a normal conversation with the sick person. Therefore, no single method of prevention can give you confidence that you will avoid disease. This does not always mean that you will immediately covered with bubbles - the main manifestation of the virus - but it should be supercooled to weaken the immune system, the virus will immediately appear rashes on the skin or mucous membranes.
Pay special attention to the immune system. Self-administration of any drugs to enhance immunity are strictly contraindicated, so consult your doctor and you will select the safe pharmaceuticals based on your age and health status.

Advice 4: How to avoid chicken pox adults

Chickenpox, or, more correctly speaking, varicella, is a disease which is the causative agent the herpes virus third type. Disease are more prone to children, but not immune from it and adults. They have the chicken pox is much harder, and therefore it is necessary to take measures not to get her.
How to avoid chicken pox adults
You will need
  • - the vitamins;
  • - Immunostimulants;
  • - vaccination.
In most cases, chickenpox sick only once. As the recovery of the develop a strong immunity for life. But if you never had a risk of catching chicken pox there daily. The most dangerous disease for the elderly and pregnant women. It is they, and persons in close contact with them, should observe heightened precautions. Chickenpox spreads very quickly, and therefore it is better to protect yourself.
Without waiting for any of your surroundings ill chickenpox, submit to a blood test for antibodies. Perhaps in childhood the disease is not spared you a party, but because of the easy flow remained unnoticed. It also happens that in the medical record for some reason, there is no information about the fact that you were sick, but because only through analysis, we can see that immunity does not.
If analysis confirmed the absence of antibodies to varicella, it is necessary to take preventive measures. The easiest but unreliable way to prevent illness is to strengthen the immune system. Drink vitamins and Immunostimulants. Eat right and get more fresh air. This will reduce the likelihood of the disease, though only slightly.
Avoid crowded places, do not use public transport. It also slightly reduces the risk, but guarantee that the chicken pox will pass you, still will not. The fact that the virus spreads very quickly, and the susceptibility to it is incredibly high.
Vaccinated against varicella. This is the only way to reliably protect yourself from illness. There are different schemes of vaccination, but it is better to conduct it in a planned, not an emergency basis. Studies have shown that immunity after vaccination persists for more than 20 years.

Advice 5: Can the adult get sick with scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a disease of infectious etiology that is unique to the human body. Its main manifestations are considered to be characteristic petechial rash called rash, inflammation of the mouth and pharynx, General intoxication of the organism.
Relieve sore throat with scarlet fever will help rinsing with infusions of calendula, eucalyptus, chamomile

Why adults get sick with scarlet fever?

Despite the fact that scarlet fever most often affects children, this disease has no age boundaries and can affect any man, the body which will be under the influence of the pathogen from the family streptococci. Purple fever is an old name of scarlet fever, is transmitted by airborne droplets and by contact.

Medicine known 3 forms of the disease: toxic-septic, worn and ekstrabukkalnaya. Adults can cheer toxic-septic scarlet fever, the rest of the forms inherent to children's age.
Adult patients occasionally there are cases abortive form of scarlet fever. It is expressed weakly: the intoxication of a minor, and rashes scanty and pale.

Signs of scarlet fever in adults

A characteristic symptom of scarlet fever in adults is considered to be redness of the mucous membrane of the throat. Further redness affects the whole surface of the skin, they appear rash.

The patient complains of weakness, lethargy, headaches. It raises the body temperature, nausea and vomiting. When swallowing food feels soreness in the throat.

Specific rash in the form of small bright red dots can contain transparent content. In some patients it is accompanied by severe itching. After a few days the rash fade, and the body temperature is lowered.

The diagnosis of "scarlet fever" in adults is based on clinical picture and availability of area of the body where the rash is absent. Usually this area is located between the nostrils and the chin, and he stands out on the background of reddened his body's paleness. It is on this basis and differencebut scarlet fever from other infectious diseases proceeding with similar symptoms.
Complications of scarlet fever in adults can be pathology of the heart muscle and kidneys, and other diseases of infectious-allergic nature.

How to treat scarlet fever in adults?

Treatment of scarlet fever in adult patients requires compliance with bed rest. In milder forms of the disease it is held at home, in difficult and advanced cases – in hospital.

The basis of the treatment is the purpose of penicillin, and, if necessary, it is replaced macrolides and cephalosporins of the first generation. During the treatment the patient is recommended to gargle with herbal infusions of calendula and vitamins. To relieve itching appointed antihistamines.

The treatment of scarlet fever is 10 days, 7 of which patients must stay in bed. After treatment redness of the skin disappears, and the rash dry up and peel.

Advice 6: How can you get herpes

Herpes is considered the most common viral disease, according to statistics, it has infected more than 90% of the world population. There are about 35 varieties of this infection. In addition to all known herpes simplex 1 and 2 type, this same virus causes chickenpox, infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus infection, and other diseases. But despite the differences in clinical manifestations, ways of transmission of any kind of herpes the same.
How can you get herpes

How is the infection and development of herpes

The virus can be spread by droplets of saliva while talking, sneezing, kissing. In this case it enters the body through the respiratory tract, broken skin, via the conjunctiva of the eye. The biggest danger are the people with the aggravation, which have clearly visible external signs of active herpes. Infection in such cases is very likely, so it is advisable to avoid them any direct contacts.

In most cases the virus is transmitted through any sexual contact with the infected. A small percentage of infection occurs when using personal care products or items belonging to infected - towel, toothbrush, bedding, sponge, spoons, cups, etc.

Herpes can be transmitted during pregnancy from an infected mother and during childbirth. The risk of infection in childbirth is more than 40%. Lose of the fetus can occur at any stage of pregnancy, leading to the formation of malformations, preterm birth, or fetal death. A particular danger is the primary recurrence of genital herpes during pregnancy. If this manifestation happens just before birth, it is recommended cesarean delivery.

Herpes virus 8, able to trigger the development of Kaposi's sarcoma, along with the usual ways, is also multiple use of syringes and organ transplants.

Penetrating through the skin and mucous membranes of a healthy person, the virus begins to infiltrate the blood, lymph nodes and internal organs. It is distributed and accumulates in spinal and cranial ganglia. After infection begin to form antibodies that remain in the patient permanently. The virus manifests itself in the form of a rash only under favourable conditions, such as hypothermia, stress, etc. that is, the carrier of the virus with a strong immune system may not even know about your carrier. However, this person also is a potential hazard to health.

Preventive measures

To date, a complete cure of herpes is impossible, so everybody should know about preventive recommendations on how to avoid infection or recurrence of herpes.

The main thing is to maintain immunity at a high level, i.e. healthy eating, physical activity, tempering, absence of bad habits, adequate sleep, avoidance of overcooling and overheating. You cannot run the development of chronic diseases, they negatively influence on the protective system of the body and provoke the development of viral infections.

You should avoid sexual relations with random people. It is recommended to use condoms even with regular partners. In the period of the rash is to avoid any touch. For the prevention of infection during pregnancy be sure to use a condom, and exclusion of oral sex.

Good hygiene - washing hands after using public places, the use of personal hygiene items. Preferably, if the patient will lead a separate plate, spoon, towel, etc.

Sometimes justified vaccination, aimed at suppressing the virus and preventing the awakening of the infection.

Advice 7: Ways of infection with chicken pox

Varicella (chickenpox) is an infectious disease transmitted from person to person. Mostly the disease appears in children under 10 years of age; adults are exposed to chicken pox much more rarely. The name of the disease was due to the fact that it spreads easily through airborne droplets.
Ways of infection with chicken pox

Ways of infection

Chickenpox is transmitted exclusively by droplets. Man, the body of which caught the chicken pox is extremely contagious – 90% of contacts with patients leads to infection. For example, the infection of one child in the kindergarten group leads to the appearance of symptoms for the majority of his peers. The virus can also be spread through toys, however, the lifetime of an infection of varicella in the environment is low, and therefore the transfer of disease through common goods or in the street is unlikely.

Virus transmission occurs through breathing and coughing in close enough communication with the man. The patient with chickenpox can be contagious for 2 days before the appearance of the characteristic rash. Before the appearance of the rash the disease is not manifested.
The virus from a patient with chickenpox becomes impossible once there is a last element of the rash.

Susceptibility to the virus

Particularly susceptible children, because of the lack of the body's immunity to this virus. Most children perevalivaet chicken pox in childhood and then becomes impossible to get sick again because the body produces antibodies that hinder the development of the virus and contributing to his death. Chickenpox is rare in persons older than 15 years.
The peak incidence of chickenpox occurs in winter, most often occur epidemic of chickenpox in kindergarten and elementary school.

The disease is mild and usually does not cause any problems the child and his parents. The body itself cope with the virus, developing immunity to the disease. Recurrence of chickenpox occur in exceptional circumstances and extremely unlikely. However, children carry the virus much easier than adults, who are more susceptible to bacterial infections.
Contact rash infections can cause pus and vetranary encephalitis which can be fatal.


Many foreign experts recommend that vaccination against chickenpox in childhood. However, in Russia the vaccine against chickenpox is not used. The feasibility of injections of the disease is questioned by many experts because the body is quite successful on their own cope with virus. The vaccine is often used for pregnant women who plan to conceive or are already pregnant. If the mother had never had chicken pox, vaccination is mandatory and helps to avoid possible complications during pregnancy. For example, the fetus the mother can easily catch a disease that will have a negative impact on its development as a whole.

Advice 8: Could it be chicken pox in infants

Newborns and infants get chicken pox very rare. They are infected or from older children in the family, or mother, survived the disease before the birth, or if she has immunity to the disease. This infectious disease is dangerous for infants in the defeat of vital organs and the Central nervous system.
Chicken pox in infants may be congenital

Why do newborn babies get chicken pox?

A newborn child is considered until they reach months of age. But, despite the fact that he has not visited children's groups, to catch chickenpox it can from an older brother or sister, provided that the mother has never been exposed. In this case, infection is inevitable and the disease will develop quickly and be quite severe.

Sometimes a chicken pox the baby is a congenital disease, due to the fact that the transfer of her mother a few days before birth. Failing to respond in a timely manner, the maternal immune system is responsible for infecting the unborn child. In the congenital form of chickenpox in toddlers is difficult and fraught with the Central nervous system and internal organs.
If the child is ill during the period of introduction of complementary foods, new dishes until you have to give. Better at the time of treatment to return to breastfeeding.

If the mother of the newborn before pregnancy were vaccinated against chickenpox or had it in childhood, the risk of infection for the baby yet, because in the mother's blood at the time, had developed antibodies to the pathogen. However, this protection for infants will not be durable – after about 3 months, the antibody titer begins to drop and the baby can get chickenpox at any moment.

How is chickenpox in newborns?

A congenital form of chickenpox in toddler under the age of 11 days of life, starts with fever and ill health. The child becomes lethargic or agitated, cranky, refuses the breast, tearing. The disease develops quickly – within a couple of days on the skin and mucous membranes of infants appear specific lesions.

Chickenpox, struck the child's body after the 11th day of life, pediatricians do not consider innate. Born of an infected mother, easily transfers a disease due to the presence of her immunity to the causative agent. On the General health of the child, the disease affects slightly, and his body and mucous membranes are covered by a single elements of a rash. After suffering chicken pox at such an early age the baby produces lifelong immunity.
Skin rashes in chicken pox are usually treated with brilliant green, speeding up the process of drying of the bubbles. Rash in the mouth can be lubricated with sea buckthorn oil.

Features of the course of chickenpox in infants older than months of age

The severity of symptoms of chickenpox in infants is determined by their age, nature of feeding and the presence of immunity in the mother. For example, a baby born earlier, had been ill with chicken pox mother breastfeeding to 6 months of age, or not get sick with chicken pox at all, or transfer it without consequences for the organism.

The baby who is not breastfeeding, resistance of immunity to chickenpox lasts for the first three months of life. In the future, the baby is infected with chickenpox in the event of adverse conditions, and the degree of severity will depend on the age, owing to the imperfection of the immune system of children under 1 year.

Advice 9: How contagious chicken pox

Chickenpox or varicella is astrointestinal a disease which familiar to most people recover from it in childhood. About chicken pox was known by the ancient healers, who believed that the infection can be very fast. How truly contagious chickenpox and how it can be infected?
How contagious chicken pox

Infection with chicken pox

Chickenpox causes herpes zoster virus that people get from the previously ill with chickenpox, it can only trigger the development of herpes zoster. Contracting chicken pox from already infected person. According to epidemiological studies, adults and children, never bolevshih chickenpox and have not received the vaccine from her, when in contact with the source of the virus infected with a probability of over 90%.

To get chicken pox, enough to spend 15 minutes in the same room with the sick person or for 5 minutes to talk to him.

Chickenpox is transmitted through the environment by airborne droplets. To ingestion enough of inhalation or ingestion of particles of mucus or saliva that a sick person uses when sneezing, coughing or talking. In addition, chicken pox can be infected after touching a bubble of the rash, serving in the skin of patients with this disease, the fluid in the vesicles of chicken pox contains many viruses of herpes zoster.

Chickenpox in children

Despite the instability of the virus in the air, its propagation speed is amazing. So, if in kindergarten with chicken pox a sick child in the next two months, a similar disease develops in 90% of other children. Domestic medicine believes that a child's chickenpox should be treated with the utmost seriousness by isolating infectious baby from group of children at the period to full recovery. In Western medicine treat the disease otherwise, reasonably believing that children should not be placed in quarantine and give them to have had chicken pox in childhood that the body developed immunity, and the treatment went without complications.

Chickenpox got its name thanks to the lightning spread of the virus in the air.

To minimize the discomfort of chickenpox is possible, it is necessary to coat the bubbles fukortsin, tincture of propolis, tincture of Sophora japonica or the usual green paint. It is very important to keep the child from scratching the vesicles, to prevent the infection from spreading throughout the body. Bed linen should be changed daily, often changing clothes of a baby in clean clothes. Necessary to avoid overheating of the body, as the increased sweating increases the unpleasant itchy rash. To facilitate it will help bath with a decoction of sage, calendula and chamomile the skin, do not RUB with washcloth and towel.

Advice 10: How is the chickenpox in teenagers

Chicken pox usually get sick in childhood. A child attending kindergarten, carries the disease in the preschool period. However, not everyone is so lucky. Some chickenpox "catches up" in adolescence. During this period, disease is transferred much more difficult than in childhood. To avoid this, some countries are "vetryanye matinees".
How is the chickenpox in teenagers
Every year adolescents infected with chicken pox, becomes more and more. The deterioration of the ecological situation there are cases of re-infection. But they do not occur in such an aggressive manner. Due to the fact that the transmission of the virus occurs through airborne droplets, contaminated exposed in places with large concentrations of people.

Symptoms of chickenpox

Signs of chickenpox in teenagers are similar to symptoms of respiratory diseases. It starts with a fever, the appearance of a headache. The child feels, the chills, the runny nose appears. After about a day begin to appear rash, beginning with time to itch. Attempts to comb the affected areas lead to the spread of the rash. There's a chance of infection that way. After a week almost all the skin of a teenager are covered in a rash. Body temperature during this period can rise up to 40 degrees. Sometimes it causes intoxication of the organism. Disease chicken pox in adolescence is dangerous complications. Perhaps the manifestation of arthritis, bursitis, hepatitis, myocarditis, nephritis, pneumonia, sepsis, enteritis.

How to behave during chicken pox

The teenager in this period of prescribed bed rest. Due to the fact that the disease is highly contagious, the patient should be isolated from other people. Based on the severity of the disease, it can last from 12 to 21 days. During this period, appointed by antihistamines. In the case of severe temperature increase are taking antipyretics. But in any case it is impossible to give the child during the illness chicken pox aspirin. It is fraught with lose of brain cells and the liver. You need to drink a lot and often.

To relieve itching, take a bath with herbs. For this sage, oak bark, calendula, chamomile. You can make compresses of infusions of these plants. And of course, the traditional green paint, do not lose their relevance in the fight against this disease. Apply it only on affected areas. In pharmacy, there are more modern means. The most famous is acyclovir.

Whether or not to vaccinate

There is a possibility to make vaccination against varicella. Past procedure people if sick, they have the ailment in an easy manner without any complications. "Is it worth it to do?" – opinion among experts is divided. So the question is: "Do Teens without a history of chickenpox vaccination?" only solution his parents.

As chickenpox in adolescents is very difficult and can cause complications, it is advised to undergo treatment in a hospital. There he will have the proper treatment, and he will be under constant supervision of experts.
Is the advice useful?