Advice 1: How to challenge a diagnosis

Diagnosis called medical report on the presence of any disease. In the process of diagnosis the doctor examines the patient, finds out his complaints, is studying the test results and special studies. The decision about the diagnosis takes into account all the received medical data. However, the doctor and his ward may not converge in their views on the state of health of the latter. In this case, the patient has the right to challenge the doctor's verdict.
How to challenge a diagnosis
You will need
  • - medical certificate about state of health;
  • - patient card of the patient;
  • - extract from the medical card of the inpatient;
  • - written results of laboratory tests;
  • - the written results of diagnostic studies;
  • - the policy of obligatory medical insurance;
  • - the passport of the citizen of the Russian Federation or the document replacing it.
Instruction
1
Find out from your doctor all the details. Russian legislation guarantees every citizen the ability to obtain information about his health in an accessible form. Your doctor, of course, knows this. Feel free to ask questions. You need to understand what is going on with your body, and why the health worker thinks so. Be sure to specify: whether the inherent discovered you have the symptoms of only one diagnosis, is there a need for further examination, is it possible to continue monitoring for a more accurate diagnosis.
2
Don't leave until you receive complete and understandable information about your health. If, upon hearing the diagnosis, you're agitated or upset, tell your doctor. Explain that you need time to think it over, and set up a date for the next visit. Use the resulting interruption in order to once again ponder the words of the doctor and to perform their own feelings. When you re-set the conversation if you have further questions. In the end, you should definitely understand the position of the doctor and prepare their own arguments against the diagnosis.
3
Collect documents that describe your health condition: a written report on the conduct of the examination, treatment records, diagnostic studies, etc. to Give them to you (at your request) must in any medical facility. Make copies of all your certificates, which can be left as confirmation of your words in the higher courts.
4
Contact the head of the medical institution where you were given a conclusion on the existence of the disease. Explain to that person why you doubt the correctness of the diagnosis. Maybe the doctor does not have your point of view, competent or he was negligent to the diagnostic events. Show the opinions of other medical specialists, if you yourself appealed to him for help.
5
Write to the head of the medical institution a written statement with a request to conduct an additional examination to clarify the diagnosis. Write a document in two copies. One pass to the office. Second, you should put a mark on the admission application for consideration. When a negative decision requires the registration of the cancellation in writing.
6
Appeal against actions of employees of the medical institution. You need to contact your regional health Department or regional office of the Federal service for supervision in the sphere of healthcare and social development (Roszdravnadzor). If these bodies you also haven't got the desired result, use the constitutional right to justice in court. After examining all the circumstances, the court may render a decision on the appointment of an independent medical examination. According to its results, the diagnosis will either be confirmed or removed as inappropriate to the validity.
Note
To challenge the diagnosis of minors and incapacitated citizens, can their parents or guardians.
Useful advice
Consult a lawyer with experience in medical Affairs. It will help to make a claim, explain the intricacies of the passage of such processes.

Advice 2: How to remove a diagnosis of schizophrenia

The diagnosis "schizophrenia" is on the basis of survey results, interviews, tests. Schizophrenia is a split personality and consciousness. An accurate diagnosis is possible only in the period of exacerbation, when the patient may behave very inappropriately, for example, to say that he's Napoleon and lead the troops under his command. But this, of course, an extreme case. Non-acute schizophrenic can behave quite adequately, and does not differ from healthy people. This diagnosis is possible only after a lengthy examination.
How to remove a diagnosis of schizophrenia
Instruction
1
The diagnosis "schizophrenia" you got as a result of objective causes and long-term testing. You are on the account in psychiatric clinic, and everyone who is on the account about any disease in any medical institution, are obliged to systematically visit the doctor for routine examination and appointment or correction of maintenance therapy.
2
The diagnosis can be put only psychiatrist on the decision of the medical Commission. Remove the diagnosis can only the medical Commission of psychiatrists. As with the diagnosis "schizophrenia" has a number of limitations, for example, you cannot drive a vehicle, obtain a firearm permit, to work in places of high responsibility for the life and health of people, of course, many patients want to get rid of this diagnosis.
3
If you want a diagnosis has been cleared, refer to a psychiatrist from whom you stand on the account. You will be assigned a number of surveys and medical tests. But examined for removal of the diagnosis is possible only if you have over 5 years there were periods of aggravation, you just came to the outpatient clinic, did not receive maintenance therapy with neuroleptics and antidepressants and never sought treatment for the alcohol or drug poisoning (article 37 of the law 3185 on psychiatric assistance to the population of the Russian Federation).
4
First and foremost, the members of the Commission are required to hold a conversation with your family and loved ones. You give undergo a series of tests developed by doctor of medical Sciences in psychiatry. Prescribe common tests, cerebrospinal fluid analysis, x-ray, encephalography, tomography and ultrasound of the brain. You will have a half-hour conversation with different issues related to testing.
5
If all test results will show a full mental health and adequacy, the diagnosis can take.
6
But if the Commission decides that the diagnosis is impossible to make it, to challenge it is quite useless. The courts do not have jurisdiction over these issues.
Note
How does a schizophrenic? Clinic schizophrenia presents a wide range of psychopathological manifestations. The most common violations are the intellect and the emotions. If you thought disorder patients complain of inability to focus thoughts, difficulties in mastering the material, uncontrolled flow of thoughts, blockage or stop of thinking parallel thoughts.
Useful advice
People can be very loud music, as if trying to drown out something that bothers him. In this case, you must behave very calmly and in no case over him not to laugh. Remember that during the attack, the schizophrenic seems that everything that happens to him is real. Therefore, it is better to ask what he now sees and hears, than it irritated him.

Advice 3: How to challenge forensic examination

In the case when the forensic examination results are questionable, the applicant has the right to challenge it completely or parts of it. It is the inalienable right of every citizen, which may help to re-conduct expert studies.
How to challenge forensic examination
Instruction
1
Refer to another company for re-examination. Make sure she has a license for carrying out expert services. The second study will charge to experts, not interested in any outcome. However, the organization must conduct all of the same steps of the previous examination, which will help eliminate or identify possible errors.
2
At the end of the study will receive from experts expert opinion and advice upon which you can challenge questionable expertise. The conclusion must be furnished in the prescribed manner, to have legal force in court. By the way, the same action may appoint a judge, if he doubted the veracity of expert opinion. He just needs to convince.
3
Refer to the independent expert for a review at the conclusion of the initial examination. This service does not mean that the specialist will conduct re-examination. Is this a conclusion about the quality of the initial examination. This will be another way to challenge the examination.
4
From the review, you will learn all the details of compliance or non-initial examination norms, rules and regulations. Also there will be clarification on the issue of challenging poor quality examination. This write-up can seriously affect a professional opinion on the competence of the expert and can be used in court.
5
Please submit the application to the judiciary, in detail, describe the reasons of distrust of the results of the initial examination and request a re-examination, if for any reason you do not already have one. To the application apply the results of the re-examination or review of the initial expert research. The court may deny the petition but must motivate its refusal.

Advice 4: How to diagnose symptoms

Often the body gives signals about a particular disease that people are not taken seriously. However, there are situations that require immediate professional assistance, otherwise there may be serious consequences.
How to diagnose symptoms
Instruction
1
Watch for weight changes. If you are dieting, it is a cause for concern. Rapid weight loss can signal many diseases. For example, hyperthyroidism, a disease in which the thyroid gland produces excessive hormones. In adulthood, quick weight loss can be triggered by cancer.
2
Often ill SARS? Then you watch how long the cough. It performs a protective function is during the discharge of sputum the bronchi and lungs are cleared. However, if the symptom becomes prolonged and lasts more than 3 weeks, it can be a symptom of serious pathology. For example, pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, oncological diseases. Will visit the doctor.
3
Look for changes in the stool. Blood can occur when hemorrhoids, anal fissure, polyps in the intestine. Black stools can be caused by taking certain foods (such as beets, grapes, prunes) or medications (activated charcoal, iron, vitamin-mineral complexes). If the color changed for no apparent reason, it is possible that the body's internal bleeding, provoked by serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Be sure to consult with Coloproctology.
4
Calculate how much fluid you drink per day. If the thirst occurs for no apparent reason and forces you to drink 2-3 liters of water a day is alarming. Refer to the endocrinologist to rule out diabetes. Among other reasons - kidney and thyroid.
5
Keep a chart of the menstrual cycle. Unscheduled bleeding may start because of changes in hormonal levels, an unbalanced diet or following strict diets, oral contraceptives, and other reasons. Immediately contact your gynecologist.
6
Remember how often you have heartburn. It can cause a lot of reasons, but the main overeating. When the stomach is constantly increased, the activity of the sphincter (the muscular valve between the stomach and the esophagus) is reduced. The result is eaten enters the esophagus, causing burning and pain. One-time manifestation of heartburn is not dangerous, but constant phenomenon, should consult a gastroenterologist to rule out digestive diseases.
7
Draw an analogy mood, what is it with you today as it was yesterday, a week ago... If you faint not, very good. Constant depression - a reason to go to a therapist, during the period this state is often exacerbated chronic illnesses.
8
Treat yourself sore throat, antiseptic and anti-inflammatory drugs not more than three days. And then refer to the otolaryngologist. In the case of streptococcal tonsillitis or pharyngitis, the disease can go beyond the throat and hit the entire body.
9
Regularly check vision. Sudden deterioration, the appearance of visual hallucinations in the form of dancing flies and stars - dangerous symptoms. Can occur retinal detachment and ischemic stroke. Be sure to make an appointment with the optometrist.

Advice 5: Examination of the kidney: how to get accurate diagnosis

If increasingly began to disturb pains in the lumbar region, which are accompanied by changes in the urine, it is necessary and as soon as possible to examine the kidneys. Prolonged inflammation can lead to serious complications.
How to examine the kidneys
You will need
  • - the urine;
  • - the blood;
  • - diagnostic devices.
Instruction
1
For examination of the kidneys have to contact a good specialist-a urologist. The doctor will carry out an external examination, and ordering tests and other tests.
2
One of the common methods of examination of the kidneys – palpation (used with prolapse or disease of the kidneys). The urologist will perform a palpation in the following way: one hand has on the abdominal wall of the patient, and the second on his back. The patient needs to relax the abdominal muscles and use your abdomen to breath (during exhalation, the physician performs deep palpation points of the kidney).
3
Another way of examination – kidney symptom check of the twelfth rib. The essence of this method is as follows: the physician places the left hand (palm) on the back arc of the twelfth rib and the right (edge), taps his left hand. If in the course of such examination the patient complains of a sharp pain, it is a signal that inflamed kidneys.
4
For examination of kidney use additional diagnostic procedures. The safest and most informative ultrasound of the kidneys. This procedure allows to obtain data about the shape and size of the inspected bodies, and to identify pathological changes of the kidney structure.
5
Examination of the kidneys is also carried out with the help of computer and magnetic resonance scans. These methods allow us to estimate the location of the kidneys in relation to other internal organs, and to study their structure and to detect pathology. Often assigned a radiographic contrast study that allows to assess the patency of the urinary tract.
6
Applied radioisotope renography. This diagnostic method allows to obtain reliable information on the secretory and absorptive functions of the kidneys.
Note
If when urinating there was a strong pain, in no case do not self-medicate! Self-taken drugs can complicate the process of diagnosis, and to hide the real picture occurring in the body processes.
Useful advice
All used methods of examination of the kidneys accompanied by laboratory examination of urine and blood chemistry.
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