Advice 1: How to grow strawberries

Strawberry is a popular berry among Russians. Gardeners-gardeners grow it in their backyards. In cultivation it is unpretentious. The harvest was rich, and the berries large and sweet, you need to properly care for her.
How to grow strawberries
Instruction
1
First of all you must choose the variety of strawberry, which is suitable to climatic conditions of your area. For example, berry "Elsanta" unsuitable for harsh winters, but "Eros" carries great Siberian winter. Varieties differ in ripening, for example, "Honey" is an early variety of strawberry, and "Bogota" - late.
2
Prepare the soil for planting. Remember that berry does not like the slope, so try to level the place and give it a horizontal position. Strawberry feels comfortable and gives a large harvest in the vicinity of the currant and gooseberry. Dig up the ground to a depth of 20-25 cm, add compost soil or manure, superphosphate and potassium salt.
3
Plant plant spring or early fall. Make a small hole at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other, as the strawberry growing rapidly. Place the berries and cover with soil. Necessarily in the end pour. If you planted the plant in the spring, cover the strawberries with plastic wrap. This is necessary in order to create a greenhouse effect and protect the berries from frost.
4
In the flowering process of strawberry water necessarily, as it loves moisture and does not tolerate drought. Watch for weeds and remove them, because they can inhibit the flowering of berries, and sometimes even "crush".
5
After the harvest, prepare the strawberries to frost. To do this, cover the beds and agro-fibre, and put hay. Instead of hay, you can use regular chips, but in early spring, remove them, otherwise they will sour.
6
Remember that strawberries do not like to stay in one place, so after 3-4 years the plant it elsewhere. If you don't want the berry was grown, after harvest, remove the moustache in the bushes with garden shears.

Advice 2: How to care for strawberries after harvest

The strawberry season is over, but do not forget about it until next summer. It's time to look after the bushes to ensure a good harvest this delicacy for the next year.
How to care for strawberries after harvest

After collecting the last berries, remove any weeds, loosen the soil near the strawberry plants. The loosened soil to fertilize a small quantity of manure. Antennae can be removed immediately or spring. The aisles should also be cleaned of weeds and sprinkle them with sawdust or small branches.

It is not necessary to wait for autumn, as many do, to then only treat the beds with strawberries. Overgrown by the time the weeds will prevent the strengthening of the young shrubs of berries. In addition, the fall there is frost and there is a rainy weather. Strawberry bushes can grow to the cold, if their process is in summer immediately after harvest of the last crop. The strawberries should be sprinkled with dry leaves before the appearance of frost, or they can destroy. The garden, located on a hill to insulate it better, and the cold it will be not terrible.

Should you look closely, not sick bushes. If the leaves are irregular in shape, twisted and with a buttery sheen, they are affected tick. In this case, you must remove from the land all the old diseased bushes and burn them. Then cut off all the leaves, leaving the middle, and four times to process a biological product "Fitoverm" (the interval between treatments 4 days). This measure will allow to get rid of the weevil and aphids. You can handle the garden Bordeaux liquid.

 

Advice 3: How to grow strawberries outdoors

When growing strawberries in open ground, you should consider some nuances. It must be remembered that strawberries do not tolerate excessive humidity and drying out is a bad influence on the quality of the berries.
The cultivation of strawberries

Growing strawberries, you must know the particular technology. She is developing well on level or slope of the surface in the South-West. Very steep not suitable. Not recommended to grow in the lowlands, where it is stored cool air. In these areas the ripening of strawberries will be slow, and it will be sick often. The southern slopes are considered a bad place because there before the snow melts.

Good land for cultivation is one that is protected from the wind. The root system is frozen, and in 10 degrees below zero. Strong moisturizing strawberry does not tolerate, but is a moisture-loving plant. It is recommended after every 2 years to change the place of growing strawberries, because over time soil has been accumulating various diseases.

How to propagate strawberries?

For reproduction of the necessary outlets (seedlings) that are grown independently. They grow on mustaches uterine bushes. Outlet that is closer to the Bush, are considered the best. You need to leave no more than four sockets on a single shoot.

With time appeared on the escape outlet is starting to gain a foothold in the soil and developing root system. The best for seedlings are bushes growing and giving fruits more than 2 years. For planting are not suitable clayey soils. On the sandy soil of the plant is a little fruit and small size (due to lack of moisture). A dedicated area for planting the strawberries need to be processed for 2 months.

The cultivation of strawberries

Ridge, whose high presence of groundwater should be done at 40 cm In the dry places of their size should be about 10 cm In loamy and sandy soil you need to add peat, humus and sawdust. No need to add chlorine fertilizer. Dug the beds must be sprinkled with sand 2 cm, it heats and dries quickly, which is detrimental effect on slugs and centipedes.

Planting strawberries

Planting strawberries is in July preferably in the evening, so plants will be able to quickly acclimate. On the socket there should be more than three leaves and a developed root system. Purchased seedlings should be washed in a solution (10 l of water 1 teaspoon of sulfate and 3 tablespoons of salt), putting her in there for 15 minutes.

Planting strawberries, it is impossible to deepen the root collar, but only on the ground level. After planting should be watered from a watering can with rain. If the winter will form a large Bush, then next year will be the harvest.

Advice 4: Do I need to feed strawberries during flowering

If you wish to obtain a rich harvest of strawberries, you must ensure that the plants need care. Many gardeners believe that the strawberry plants during flowering is better not to disturb, but it is not. Remember, fertilizing these plants during flowering will have a positive impact not only on the number of berries in the future, but also on their quality.
Do I need to feed strawberries during flowering

Foliar application of strawberry during flowering

When feeding strawberries during flowering is not necessary to forget about its foliar diet. This procedure should be carried out three times during the growing season. First – as soon as the first leaves, the second with the appearance of stalks, the third - during the growth of the ovary.

When selecting foliar feeding of select drugs which includes about two grams of potassium sulfate and one gram of boric acid per liter. During the processing of strawberries pay special attention to the underside of the leaves of plants (the fact that the underside of the leaves absorbs most of the nutrients).

Root feeding of blossoming strawberries

It is worth remembering that during the period of active flowering strawberries in large amounts of necessary potassium, so if you want to get a good harvest, be sure to feed the plants with an infusion of bird droppings, wood ash solution, mullein or potassium nitrate.

In recent years, many gardeners as a root feed use yeast: a kilogram of compressed yeast is diluted in five liters of water, insist in a warm place a few hours after which pour them with the mixture of the strawberries in the calculation of a pint on a Bush. Also to prepare such a feed can be used and the yeast, however, the technology of preparation of the mixture is slightly different. Need a package of yeast to dissolve in a glass of warm water, add a tablespoon of sugar, let stand a few hours, after which the cooked mass pour into a five-gallon bucket of water, stir and you are ready to feed.

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