You will need
- - rubber gloves;
- - a soft cloth;
- - linen napkins;
- - gasoline;
- - means for polishing of furniture;
- - toothpaste;
- - white spirit;
- - denatured alcohol;
- - alcohol;
- - turpentine;
- - potash;
- - linseed oil.
In the case when, in order to recover the polishing furniture is not required to completely remove the old finish and apply a new, try to fix surface defects on your own. In the first stage, well, clean the surface with a soft cloth soaked in gasoline. Be sure to use rubber gloves. Wipe the surface several times, each time change the cloth for a new one. Log out and leave the furniture to dry in a well ventilated area.
To refresh the polishing and to remove formed on the surface of small "hairline" cracks can be diluted turpentine, wax, and potash. In a small amount of hot water, dissolve the potash and 10 parts of the wax, bring the mixture to boil until it forms on the surface of soap foam. Then remove the mixture from the heat and cool it, add 20 parts of turpentine, stir and use as polishes. If necessary, you can add aniline dye to the color of the furniture.
Carefully inspect the defects. To remove small scratches, use high-quality means furniture Polish based on beeswax and turpentine. They can also be eliminated and ordinary toothpaste. Apply it first for 10-15 minutes on a polished surface then a soft linen cloth, wipe the damaged area to remove traces of toothpaste.
The restorers to restore the polishing using a mixture consisting of equal parts of white spirit, methylated spirit and linseed oil. Stir it well before use, then apply on a cloth and circular motions massage into the surface.
Large surface polishing can be masked, the Bay is the same compound that was used as a coating. This is usually varnish, polyurethane varnish or one of its varieties - shellac. To determine the composition, which deposited on the surface of furniture, drop in an inconspicuous area with rubbing alcohol. If it is shellac, it will absorb the alcohol, if the paint is formed on the surface of the bubble, polyurethane, and varnish are not sensitive to the effects of alcohol. Apply the desired composition and when it has hardened, Polish the piece.
Advice 2 : How to repaint a polished furniture
Polished the furniture , even the good quality over time, covered with spots and tarnish. Painting is probably the most affordable method of transformation of the cabinets, drawers and other polished interior.
You will need
- A piece of furniture, a screwdriver, degreaser, wood putty, sandpaper medium and fine grits, heat gun, putty knife, wire brush, primer, paint, roller, brush.
Guide the preparatory work. Free piece of furniture that you are going to repaint. Remove the doors and shelves, remove the fasteners (hinges, hooks). Thoroughly degrease the polished surface with detergent or alcohol. Carefully inspect the furniture for the presence of chips, cracks, scratches. If you find them, be sure to repair. Carefully remove the cracked varnish around the damaged area, fill the chip a carpentry filler. When the composition is completely dry, treat the place with sandpaper fine grit.
There are two ways custom polished furniture. If you have a building dryer can fully remove the paint from the surface. Very carefully heat the paint and scrape it bit by bit with a spatula. So treat every detail. Next, clear the wood from layer of stains, use sandpaper medium grain. With a stiff brush, swipe with the dust left after sanding. Again, degrease the treated surface.
If building dryer at hand was not, you can resort to another method. After the removal of chips and defects with putty, carefully apply polished all of the furniture with sandpaper fine grit. Lacquer finish is ready for painting if it was matte and covered the risk from the sandpaper. Then also get away with a stiff brush from dust. And start decorating previously again Alesgerov surface.
Apply a coat of primer for wood. Prime and sand the inner elements of the drawers, doors and cabinets. Wait until the primer has dried. With the help of emery paper fine grit Polish of the decorated object.
The next step - painting. For this purpose you can use paint, varnish, stain. Regarding colors there are no clear rules, which should cover the polished furniture. There is a cover with a rather sharp smell, but drying. You will need a roller or brush. Carefully paint all parts, making sure to leave no gaps or streaks. Once the paint is completely dry, carefully inspect all surfaces and, if necessary, apply a second coat.
Drawers, doors and shelves of paint on the table, pre-covered with plastic wrap.
Advice 3 : How to restore lacquer coating
Sometimes it is necessary to restore not only old furniturebut also modern, recently acquired store. Often the disadvantage is obodralasja or scratched lacquer coating. Restoration of the varnish requires full or partial removal of the old layer. This procedure is quite complex, so, not having the necessary skills, it is better to entrust it to professionals.
You will need
- - solvent for Lac;
- - fine-grained grinding skin;
- - putty;
- - primer;
- Polish and brushes;
- - special preservative composition.
Examine the damaged area. With small cosmetic defects will only need to sanded surface, and when more serious irregularities and chipping – to remove all covering completely.
Rinse thoroughly and wipe the furniture. Gently with solvent start remove the Polish from the problem areas and then sand them with a special fine sandpaper. After sanding be sure to clean the surface of debris and dust.
Small cracks and scratches repaired with putty. Once it dries, again, treat these places with sandpaper. If you completely removed the old layer with the Foundation you need to cover the primer and then start grinding.
Wait some time in order that the treated surface has dried up, and start to apply the varnish. Pay special attention to the brush with which you will work. For varnishes based on water-soluble it is best to take brushes with synthetic bristles. You can also use a mohair roller. For varnish, comprising a solvent, choose foam rollers and brushes from pig bristles.
Start to apply the varnish of continuous circular motions. If you will be staying, the end result is you can get bumps and sharp color difference. First, distribute one layer, let it dry and apply the next one. The layers are applied until then, until you get the desired luster.
Restored leave the subject alone for five to seven days to complete the drying of the lacquer. After the entire surface be treated with special preservative composition. It forms an invisible thin film which protects the furniture from moisture. This allows you to keep the lacquer coating intact for a long time.
To refresh the lacquer on the furniture, wipe the surface with a woollen cloth, moisten it in prepared solution made of one part turpentine and two parts of ordinary vegetable oil.