You will need
- - varnish;
- - peso-wax composition;
- - cloth;
- - the tampon;
- - cloth and sponge;
- - planed Board-a probe;
- - vaseline or vegetable oil.
Choose a varnish of the desired color, depending on color wooden products. Mixing different components of polishing, you can achieve the tone from the classic reddish-brown (shellac and alcohol 1:4) to colorless (bleached shellac and alcohol 1:5).
The working fluid can be prepared independently. For this pre-dissolve the purified shellac in alcohol. Add to the mixture a small amount of benzene, shake the solution and leave for a day.
Discard supernatant, being careful not to shake the muddy sediment. Working, filter the mixture through a funnel and sheet of filter paper – varnish finish.
Start polishing lacquered products special peso-wax composition. It is also possible to make at home: store pumice powder sift through a sieve of silk fabric, then add in melted natural wax and mix vigorously.
Fold half cut of cloth fabric and start to Polish the varnish, regularly wetting the cloth in the resulting abrasive composition. Do light circular motion until all the product does not become absolutely smooth.
Rinse the pumice with clean water and sponge and wipe with a dry cloth. Before polishing warm up the entire polished surface, rubbed it with a cloth.
Make a tampon for polishing. One shell should be of coarse linen, the other of soft flannel. Inside lay a fat-free wad of wool or cotton. Fixture size choose individually, depending on the area of the product.
Expand the tampon pour into his soft filler varnish and re-roll woven shell. When wool or cotton wool impregnated polishing composition, drag swab sample from planed boards. The degree of saturation of the cloth with the varnish best if you lay down smooth, thin and quick-drying strokes. They do not in any case should not be spread!
Apply on the outer working side of the swab a little vaseline or vegetable oil – then it would be better to slide and not stick.
Proceed to the polishing varnish. In the first stage, make small circular movements from left to right. Then move the swab to the next station without taking your hand and begin polishing the furniture in the opposite direction. When processing the edges stretch a tampon according to wavy, in a straight line.
Let the first layer of varnish dry completely. At a temperature of from 18 to 20 degrees this can happen in about 3-6 hours. When the surface is ready to re-processing, re-apply varnish. Make a quick movement – zigzag, longitudinal, transverse, - capturing large areas.
Dry the surface of furniture for 6-12 hours, then spend the final polishing of the varnish. Per 1 m2 of wood you'll need about 300-400 g shellachnoj varnish.
Polishing lacquered furniture carefully, not pushing hard on the surface. Always check the fullness of the working of the pad with varnish and, if necessary, refill it. To avoid damaging the lacquer film, do not exert extra pressure while processing. A tampon should not slumped on the product, and the like onto it easy sliding movements.
Advice 2: How to refinish furniture
To put things in the apartment perfect order, it is not enough to wipe the dust off of the furniture. Cabinets, tables and cupboards you need to Polish with the special tools. This will give the tree a beautiful matte glow, and the room, comfort and neatness.
You will need
- - furniture wax;
- - natural beeswax;
- - liquid Polish;
- - cloths for polishing;
- - a cotton swab;
- - a broad brush;
- - turpentine;
- - linseed oil.
Before you begin, get the right tool. The natural wood furniture with matte polished surface it is recommended to apply special furniture wax. Sales are toned means to refresh the color of the wood. Antique furniture is better to Polish with natural beeswax, no dyes. Veneered and lacquered surfaces are treated with liquid Polish oil-based.
Wipe the surface from dust. If it is found the spot, erase it. The white circles from wet glasses removed swab dipped in a mixture of oil and Cologne. In the same way you can remove strokes from a pen or pencil. The surface must be dry.
Working with natural wood, choose a furniture wax in the color of the surface. He must not only Shine, but slightly toned furnishings, a refreshing color. Apply a small on the soft cloth rag and RUB it into the wood soft circular movements. Start with large surfaces, in the last process thread, ledges, drawers and shelves. Don't take too much, otherwise the wax will fall unevenly and forms on the surface of the furniture dull spots.
Antique chests of drawers and cupboards can be polished with natural beeswax. Warm it in a water bath and the wide brush to apply to the surface. RUB the tool with a soft cloth until it is completely absorbed and Polish wood to a Shine.
Modern furniture with a smooth surface of natural veneer can be treated industrial liquid polishes oil-based. Spray from the spray or apply it with a cotton swab to the surface, cleansed from dust. Be careful with glass Polish badly washed. Soft cloth RUB the tool and buff until completely absorbed.
Industrial liquid Polish can be replaced by a simple homemade recipe. Mix a pint of drying oil with a quart of turpentine. Pour the mixture into a tightly screw-top container. Apply it on the furniture with a cotton swab and RUB with a dry woolen cloth to Shine.