You will need
- - compass;
If you have a compass, going into the forest, set it. Step away from the road 50-100 metres, turn in the direction where you want to go back. Compass shake lightly and place on the palm. Align the compass arrow marked "North" on the dial. View the value of a degree in your field. This will be your guide. When you decide to move back, just align the arrow with the North and turn back face. Now find the vector of its road and go. Adjust your course from time to time by repeating the entire procedure.
Hourly also possible to determine the sides of light. Keep them in the palm of your hand, point the hour hand at the sun. Divide in half the angle between the figure 1 and the hour hand is the direction South. Accordingly, the opposite side will be North, the one that is on the right hand East and the left West. Clock set at local time.
Look at the plants in the forest, it is a kind of natural compass. Look for the dark strip moss on tree trunks – it is on the North side. It is formed because the crust dries out from the sun on the South side, and moss grows on the opposite where there is moisture. In hot weather, on the trunks of firs and pines stands resin, of course, more in the South, where the sun heats the tree.
Watch the butterflies at rest they fold their wings to the sun warmed them. When you move the lights, the insects also turn. On the morning of the folded wings of a butterfly directed to the East, noon is to the South, in the evening – to the West.
In search of berries pay attention to which side of the stumps and bumps the fruit is more mellow and bright. This is the South. On the meadow - green dossevi flank berries will point you North. Mushrooms and thick moss grow better from the North side.
Find forest anthill. Its South side is more gentle than the North. Ants build their settlements near the tree with the side of the South. In the spring try to navigate in the snow. It melts faster on the South side. But in the ravines, pits, hollows the snow melts better with the North, because the sun's rays do not fall on the opposite side of the recess.
In the night sky, identify the North star – it is always stationary and is located in the North in the constellation URSA major.
Advice 2 : How to navigate without a compass
Going on a trip, it is necessary to have a compass. It will help to Orient and determine sides of the world. But what if the compass is missing or is out of order? There are other methods of determining the location in space.
To understand which side light is possible with a conventional wrist watch. Rotate them in the horizontal plane and watch the dial. The hour hand should be directed towards the Sun. The South is in that direction, where is the line obtained by the bisection of the angle between the hour hand and mark 14 hours. When you find the South stand up to face him. Behind you will be North, left is East, right is West. In the southern latitudes this method can not be used. It works well in the North and bad – in moderate. But in the summer of error can be up to 25°.
To navigate by the Sun and no clocks, you just need to know when and where it rises and sets. As you know, in winter the Sun rises South East and sets in the southwest. As for the summer, this time of year the moon rises in the North-East and sets in the Northwest. With spring and autumn is easier in spring and autumn the Sun rises in the East and sets in the West. If you take the middle lane, then around 8 am the Sun summer is in the East, about 11 hours in the South - East, about 14 hours in the South, about 17 hours in the South - West, about 20 hours - in the West, about 23 hours in the North - West.
You can navigate and night – on the Polar star. It is located near the constellation URSA major. Define the first, where the sky shines the bucket, then mentally draw up the line through the two extreme points. On this line, count to five times the distance equal to the distance between these two stars. At the end of the line will be the North star. It's going to start the handle of the little dipper. If the Polar star to face ahead in the North.