Advice 1: What are the natural indicators can be used to determine directions

Define cardinal directions by the sun, stars, moon, moss, trees. Such methods of orientation may be useful in Hiking, if you have no map compass or gps.
Orienteering
In order to navigate the terrain, you must be able to determine directions without the use of maps, compasses and navigation instruments. Orienteering map and compass is not difficult, however, there are times when people go camping and do not take a compass with a map and in the gps out of batteries. Not to get lost in the woods, you need to be able to define cardinal directions by the sun, stars, moss, trees, etc.

Orientation to the sun and stars



The sun can be used as a reference point, but to do this you need to know the exact time. The sun moves across the sky from East to West. However, it is worth to note that in the winter it rises closer to the South-East and sets in the South-Western direction.

In the summer you can navigate in the following way: if at noon to get back to the sun, to your left is West and right is East. In winter the noon sun is in the South-East, and if you stand back to him on the left is the South-West. During the spring and autumn the sun is in the South-East at about 10:00 o'clock.

At night, when orientation to the sun is impossible, the direction of the cardinal points can be determined by the North star, part of the constellation URSA Minor. First we need to find the constellation URSA major resembling a dipper with a handle. On the territory of Russia "bucket" can be seen at any time of the year, except in southern regions, where the autumn dipper descends toward the horizon.

If using the two outer stars that form the right wall of the dipper (opposite the handle of the "dipper") to hold an imaginary straight line, it will point to the North star. Length straight is about five times greater than the distance between the two stars, which were conducted through line. The direction of the line towards the North pole coincides with the North direction.

Orientation to local characteristics



Moss grows mostly on the North side of tree trunks, and lichens grow on the North side of rocks and stones. However, these signs do not always guarantee one hundred percent accuracy to the cardinal directions, so for reliability it is desirable to use method of orientation by moss and lichens, together with other ways. For example, you can pay attention to the ant hills — most often they are located on the South side near the tree trunks and stumps.

Early spring South direction can be identified by the melted snow. Side slopes, hills and boulders, which faces South and is warmed by the rays of the sun more than the North. So on the South side the snow is melting more intense.

Advice 2 : What will the weather be tomorrow in the morning: folk omens

To predict the weather for tomorrow you can, if you pay attention to the behavior of birds, insects, animals, plants, etc. will tell a lot About such natural phenomena as the rainbow and the sunrise.
folk omens the weather for tomorrow
Instruction
1
Before people learned to predict the weather using special instruments and modern technology, they were guided by people's signs, which were noticed and collected by our ancestors in Russia. Many of them still never failed, that is why they continue to believe and pay attention to the behavior of animals, birds and insects, as well as the events themselves in nature. And on what national signs foretold the weather for tomorrow morning?
2
Domestication of animals occurred thousands of years ago, so their behavior pay attention in the first place. Animals have highly developed sensitivity to climate change. If the cat climbs in the evening bask in the Russian stove, to be a strong frost. The dog itches and wykonywac fleas – the next day to rain. If chicken in the barn, gather together, expect bad weather, and if you spread your wings, toiling from the heat – will be a clear day. Dog rolling on the grass to the rain, and if snow then to a Blizzard.
3
If the geese flap their wings and shake to the body one leg, is expected frost. The same can be said of a crow, hiding the beak under the wing. So much to say and phenomena occurring in nature on the eve, after clouds, the sun and the moon directly affect the climate. So, if in the summer evening and the moon is full, then prolonged rain for tomorrow don't wait. Low rainbow in the middle of the day predicts a prolonged downpour, but if it is high, the rain will be no more. If a rainbow appeared after a spring rain, then no matter how it will be shaped, in any case, the day will be Sunny and clear. If the evening and late at night, you watching red dawn, then the next day wait for windy weather.
4
The characteristic "ears" about a month also predict the same weather for tomorrow. If the sun rises without balasesti in the sky, the weather change and the sky will tighten clouds. If "snow plants" climb up on the glass, frost will continue tomorrow, and if bent, will thaw. If the frost of sweat frames and okonnitsy, it is a sign of promise warming. A similar phenomenon occurring in the summer points to the future rain. If the sun goes behind a cloud, it is an omen of bad weather, but if the early morning grass covered with heavy dew, it will be Sunny and clear. If you see the low clouds trail over the ground, and after a while rise – wait for better weather.
5
Birds, insects and plants can predict the weather for tomorrow. For example, many plants try to descend as close to the ground to increase their chances to survive after the storm, and insects at the approach of rain wet wings, with the result that they are unable to climb high into the sky. Chirping crickets in the rye at sunset – tomorrow will be clear, Sunny weather. But if day we hear the cry of the jackdaws and crows, expect rain. This is also indicated by a closing Lily. About the worsening weather broadcasts "weeping" maple. If the evening is heard, a strong smell of Jasmine, acacia, petunias and lawoko, and over them sweeps the midges, it will rain. This is also indicated by a sign, as the sparrows bathing in the dust. Evening the forest was quiet – be the rain.
6
Nicoleta swallows portend a deterioration in the weather, rain. If red clover pulls your stem is vertically expect the storm. But the violets before the storm on the contrary bend that low to the ground slope. Before the storm and bad weather earthworms come out of their hiding places. If mosquitoes and midges swarm over the land column, then you can expect clear weather for tomorrow, this is also indicated by the morning mist. If in frosty weather, the squirrel leaves the nest and down the tree trunk, the temperature will rise.
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