You will need
  • - compass;
  • - map of the area;
  • notebook;
  • pencil.
Learn how to determine the compass North. Typically, this device has a long arrow with two edges. One end of it points North, the other South. The one that North always marked. It can be blue - then South painted red. There may be other designations.
Consider limb. It stands for side light. North Russian is written With a "j" or Latin "N". This mark is always there. On the opposite side, respectively, will be "s" or "S". If you stand facing North, left is West and right is East. They can also be marked on the compass corresponding Russian letters or Latin "W" (West) or "E" (East).
Consider carefully the limb. It is divided into 360°. This is necessary in order to determine the angle between the North direction and the fact that you're going. Compasses can be of different designs. Some models have an extra arrow that allows you to lock the angle. Other modifications have compass - a device that resembles an optical sight, allowing a better focus on the object. But all magnetic compasses work on the same principle.
Give the compass steady horizontal position. Wait until the arrow rest. It will happen fairly quickly. Gently rotate the instrument to the direction of the arrow coincides with the letter "s" on the limb. Select the direction in which you need to go, and a landmark. It should be a visible fixed object - any structure, a kind of tree. Aim at the object and notice the angle between the directions. If you have a map, Orient it the same way as a compass, and mark the path of the object, denoting the angle. In the absence of the card, record the direction in Notepad. You are unlikely to get to the desired object in a straight line, since the path can meet, buildings, streams, or ravines that have to be circumvented. When they reached the desired point, select the next landmark, and again determine the angle between the directions to him and to the North. To return you the records or on the map.