In most cases the subject is expressed as a pronoun or noun used in the nominative case. However, it can also be:

  • A participle, adjective, or numeral in the nominative case, which acts as a noun. For example, three to go and nothing to think.
  • Structure of numeral and noun are in the genitive. For example, some of the boys climbed the fence and stole apples. The grammatical basis of the sentence there will be "some of the boys climbed".
  • If the predicate is expressed in the plural, then the subject can be expressed by a construction consisting of a noun (or pronoun) with another noun (or pronoun) in the instrumental case. For example, I and Vanya walked in the woods at night.
  • Also the subject may be an infinitive expressing an action not flowing in time. For example, to live in La aristocracy.

One of the components of the grammatical framework of the sentence is the predicate. There are three main types:

  • Simple verbal predicate if it consists of one word and is a verb or consists of several words, but is an idiom or form of the future tense. For example, she will take part in the competition.
  • Composite nominal predicate if it consists of one word and not a verb or consists of several words, but part of the predicate is not part of the infinitive. For example, all on this coast was a strong current washed. Grammaticheskie the basis of the proposals: "it was washed".
  • Compound verbal predicate contains more than one word and contains the infinitive, not being a idiom. For example, I really want to sing on stage.