The predicate is one of the main parts of the sentence consistent with the subject (number, gender, person) and answers the question: "what is the subject doing?", "what is it?" "who is he?" "what is he?", "what is it?"

The syntax in the Russian language provides ample opportunities for completing sentences. The predicate may be a verb, adverb, adjective and even noun.

Verbal predicate

Often the predicate can be expressed by a verb. Here are the simple verbal predicate, the compound verbal predicate and compound nominal predicate. To the simple verbal predicate are:
- verbs in the imperative, the indicative or subjunctive mood (for example: "do Not touch toy!" "It's raining", "Walk with friends");
- idioms based on verbs ("He is beside himself");
- collocation of the two verbs of the same form, the first of which denotes the action, second is the target of the action ("I'm gonna Go see if everything's okay").

Compound verbal predicate is a phrase, the grammatical and the lexical meaning of which is expressed in different words: an auxiliary and the main verb, and when used in the infinitive form and carries the lexical meaning of the predicate ("I wanted to talk about you"). Compound verbal predicate can be complicated, if consists of several sub-words ("He decided to stop being angry").

Compound nominal predicate expressed by a verb-phrase-bundles and a nominal part. Verb-a copula can be
- the verb "to be" deprived of in this case, its lexical meaning "to exist" to "available" ("She was a student");
- poluskeletnye the verbs "to seem", "be", "be", "be", "become", "becomes", "pass", "to reckon" and some others ("she seemed like a character");
- a complete dictionary verbs, expressing action, movement, status ("Children came to the hotel already dirty").

Other parts of speech as the predicate

The predicate can only be expressed as an adverb, without the use of cords, in that case, if there is no need to specify the time of the action ("It's just horrible!", compare: "That was horrible!").

Short adjective is often used as a predicate in spoken and artistic styles ("Our father of the soul also not the old). The use of this technique allows to vary the composition of the proposal to improve the readability of the text.

The noun becomes the predicate in sentences-definitions and often to be separated from the dash. For example: "My mother is the cook," "Book of wisdom".

Also, sometimes the quality of the predicate acts and the name of the numeral ("two times three equals six").