Advice 1: What is a common offer

How to distinguish a common offer from the uncommon? Sooner or later the student on the lesson of the Russian language will face this problem. The task is not that difficult! Let us consider some examples of common and uncommon offers.
What is a common offer
If, in addition to grammar basics (subject and predicate), there are also secondary members (addition, determining fact), then such offer will be called common. Consider the examples. "It is raining" - an uncommon offer. "It rained today" (a common circumstance), "it Is raining" (extended definition), "Rain on glass" (extended addition) - common sentences.But do not forget that the grammatical basis of a proposal may be not only simple (subject + predicate), but one-piece, when in the presence of only the subject or only the verb. Such suggestions can still be spread. For Example: "Winter!" - uncommon one sentence. But "Early morning!" - this is a common offer, because here the subject is provided with a definition. Or, for example: "it's getting late!" - uncommon offer. However: "the Smell of autumn!" - this is a common sentence, when the verb has a complement.Incomplete sentences, subject or verb missing, but easily recovers logically, can also be common and uncommon. "I love raspberries, and Masha - BlackBerry" - here the sentence, "And Masha - BlackBerry" would be incomplete offerm, but common. Because "BlackBerry" is a complement. Do not confuse the concept of "rare offer" with the concept "simple offer". A simple sentence may contain no more than one grammatical framework, regardless of the presence of minor members. A simple sentence is contrasted to the complex sentence in which such a framework will be few and they will be separated by a comma.We wish you success in your Russian lessons! Now you are unlikely to confuse common and uncommon offers.

Advice 2: What is the circumstance addition and definition

In the Russian language parts of speech in the structure of phrases and sentences play some syntactic role. They can act as primary members of the sentence (subject or predicate) and secondary, namely: definitions, additions and circumstances.
What is the circumstance addition and definition

Place the secondary members of the sentence

The main parts of the sentence – a subject and a predicate). They perform logical-communicative function, determine the syntactic organization of the utterances are grammatical basis. The offer can consist only of the main members, and only one of them. Such a proposal is called unexpanded. For more informative and emotional fullness in the composition of subject and predicate introduced additional secondary members: the fact, the Supplement and determination.


The definition clarifies and expands the value of the designated word – subject or other secondary members with substantive value. It calls him a sign and answer the questions: "What? Whose?" As determined by the word forms are mostly nouns.

"An old cripple sitting on the table, sewed a blue patch on the elbow of a green uniform". (A. Pushkin)

Definitions can be consistent and inconsistent. Consistent definitions are expressed by: an adjective and a participle, ordinal, and quantitative numerals in oblique cases, a pronoun. As inconsistent definitions are used: nouns in oblique cases, possessive pronouns, simple adjectives in comparative form adverb, infinitive, as well as whole phrases.

A type definition is an application that is always expressed by a noun, as agreed with the designated word in the nominative case (oncologist) or standing in the nominative case (from the newspaper "Komsomolskaya Pravda").


A secondary part of the sentence, called a complement, denotes the object on which the action is directed or the object itself is the result of, or with the assistance of the action takes place, or in relation to which performed some action.

"The old man caught the fish in the net". (A. Pushkin)

In addition can be expressed by: a noun in an indirect case, a pronoun, quantitative, numeral, infinitive, phrase and idiom.


Circumstance is called a secondary part of the sentence with the explanatory functions, which refers to the part of the sentence denoting the action. Circumstance denotes the sign operation, the sign of the characteristic that indicates the way an action or the time, place, purpose, reason or condition for its achievements.

"A really Onegin went out; coming back home to dress him." (A. Pushkin);

Circumstances can be expressed as: an adverb, a noun in the indirect case, the adverbial participle or the participial turnover infinitive (the circumstances).
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