Advice 1: What is the predicate and the subject

The subject and predicate are the main parts of the sentence, which form the grammatical framework. They carry the main meaning in a sentence and they ask questions to the secondary members.
What is the predicate and the subject
Subject is a syntactic term. They call the main part of the sentence that denotes the subject-the subject referred to in the proposal. The subject usually answers the questions of the nominative case – "who? what?".

In the Russian language subject is often a noun in the nominative case. To highlight it, need to ask the question "who? - what?" but only a couple, because the question "what?" can also possess the accusative case. For example: a Girl rides a Bicycle".

The questions "who? what?" you ask to the word "girl", so this is subject. During parsing, the subject is underlined with a single slash.

In addition to a noun in the nominative case, the subject can also be a pronoun ("He went to the window", "no One has power over time"), numeral ("we were approached By five"), infinitive ("to Break – not to build").

Also, the subject may not separate the word and the entire phrase (the Ministry of defence, agriculture, a huge number).

Strong people, depending on subject, form part of the subject.

The predicate is the second main part of the sentence. It characterizes the subject, often means the action (answers the question "what does?"), less describes its essence, talks about what constitutes the subject. In other words, describes the state of the subject.

Predicates are divided into verbal and nominal, can be simple or composite. Simple verbal and nominal predicate are expressed by one verb or filename.

"A girl rides a Bicycle" – the predicate "goes".

"My name is a big secret," verb "mystery".

Compound verbal predicates – those that are composed of the infinitive and ligamentous parts.

The boy wants to play – predicate "wants to play".

Composite nominal predicate contains the nominal and verbal part.

The girl was smart – predicate "was smart."


A sentence may contain only the subject or only the verb, in this case, the proposal is a one (if there are both two-part). The offer may be subject to several or more predicates. If they are one and the same sentence, they are called homogeneous.
If only one grammatical basis, it is called simple, and if some – complex.

Advice 2: What is the subject

The subject is one of the two main parts of the sentence. A word or a few words at this role point to the object, to which we report. A subject can be allocated in a simple sentence, main and subordinate parts of a complex and sometimes in predicative structures, which are formed of non-personal forms of the verb.
What is the subject
Instruction
1
The subject may be expressed by different parts of speech. This is usually a noun in the nominative or its equivalent – personal, relative, indefinite, interrogative and negative pronouns. Also subject can be a numeral, a proper noun and even a verb (indefinite form).
2
The composition of this part of the sentence in the Russian language is not always limited to one word. Sometimes the subject is represented syntactically or lexically indivisible phrase. These may be catch phrases, compound names of institutions and geographical names, idioms. Nouns denoting quantity, can play the role of subject, if combined with a noun in the genitive case (many people). Numbers "how many", "few", "many" should also be combined with a noun in the genitive case, and indefinite pronouns with adjectives.
3
May become subject design, consisting of a noun or personal pronoun in the nominative case, the preposition "with" and a noun in the instrumental case. Another such scheme is an adjective, pronoun or numeral in the nominative case along with the preposition "of" and a noun or pronoun in the genitive case.
4
A definite answer to the question of whether the subject hierarchical top offers, does not exist. Grammatist, for example, claimed subject top, because it, unlike the predicate refers to an entity. Other researchers have proposed to identify dominant supply, removing grammatically dependent. The result of this analysis, the core of the sentence becomes the predicate, and the subject falls into one category with other nominal parts of a sentence that depend on the predicate (actants).
5
However, the function to be differentiated from other nominal parts of the sentence. Typical features include its Autonomous subject or unmarked form of the name (in Indo-European languages the nominative case), a particular syntactic position, consistent with the predicate, autonomy references correlation with reflexive pronouns, the omission in subsequent predicates of the presumption of the existence of the designated object, the ability to be the subject of the participial turnover (in Russian).
Note
The presence of this member of the sentence is not always necessary. In cases where it is not, the object can be determined from the context.
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