If you have abdominal pain, diarrhea and symptoms of intoxication are symptoms of a possible defeat Giardia. Giardiasis is lose it of the small intestine, so there is bloating, bubbling, diffuse pain in the umbilical region. The chair is bound to be thin, almost watery, with a touch of foam, and with long-term chronic process, with severe inflammation and severe enteritis you can see in the stool streaks of blood.
Do not try to see in the stool of the intestine of Giardia, because it is not worms, but tiny protozoa that are visible only under the microscope. During defecation patient with giardiasis the stools infected with cysts of these protozoa, route of transmission fecal-oral, hence the need for careful hand hygiene after using the toilet.
Additional symptoms of Giardia in the intestine is a common ailment caused by the intoxication of the organism. When life Giardia secrete substances toxic to the human body, which are absorbed into the bloodstream and cause symptoms of poisoning. With the defeat of the intestine develops Giardia enteritis (inflammation of the small intestine), which is accompanied by a slight increase in temperature (to 38 degrees).
To make a differential diagnosis of giardiasis and to distinguish it from other infectious diseases affecting the intestine, it is possible only with the help of analyses. If you suspect giardiasis, the doctor will prescribe a stool sample for Giardia and their cysts. The complexity of this laboratory study that adult parasite specimens are preserved in the stool only 15-20 minutes. Thus, the analysis should be performed immediately after defecation. Giardia cysts technician may find in the stool within 1-2 hours after defecation. If the date of collection of material for analysis to his research took more than two hours, the result will be uninformative, because in any case it will be negative.
If you are not able to deliver the biomaterial to the laboratory immediately (almost warm), there is an alternative research method – detection of antibodies to lamblias in the blood. Serological method can be used to determine the Ig class of AI M at the beginning of the disease (7-10 days from onset of clinical symptoms), and at long current of disease find Ig of class G that appear 2 weeks after the development of giardiasis. On the basis of clinical symptoms and laboratory tests, doctor makes a decision – a patient's lesion Giardia or not.