The relationship between the menstrual cycle and hormonal
Hormonal system women control the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. The hypothalamus is a very sensitive part of the brain, susceptible to the slightest stress, disorders, infections. That's why ARI can cause disruptions in his work. In turn, this affects the function of the pituitary gland – the main organ of the endocrine system that produces hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle - follicle-stimulating and luteinizing.
Follicle-stimulating hormone accelerates the growth and maturation of the follicle and also affect the production of estrogen (estradiol). Luteinizing hormone responsible for ovulation and progesterone secretion.
Colds and menstrual cycle
Any disease, and colds in particular, is stressful for the woman's body. In a state of tension it inhibits the production of luteinizing hormone. That's why a cold can delay a period. However, worry not: normally the menstrual cycle disruptions of this nature is a temporary phenomenon. Of regularity occurs over one to two months.
Breaking the loop
Delay of menstruation usually lasts from 2 to 6-7 days, depending on the severity of colds. For longer delays you should consult a doctor. There are also other violations of the monthly (may accompany the delay): spotting after menstruation or their appearance in the middle of the cycle, pain in lower abdomen, lower back, longer and heavy periods than usual or Vice versa.
What can you do if your period is delayed
The main thing you need to do in case of delay caused by the cold - treatment and rest, to prevent hypothermia. It is not necessary to carry the disease "on their feet", it is better to take sick leave and be alone: in the days of sickness I want to sleep, and that's a natural reaction to the infection.
At this time not recommended for intense physical activity and alcohol consumption. It is necessary to provide fresh air to the room, and also to monitor the humidity: the lack of moisture contributes to the spread of colds.
You need to drink a lot of liquid – camomile or lime tea with honey, tea with lemon, ginger, currant, raspberry, hot milk with cocoa butter and take vitamin C. to prevent the development of angina, it is necessary to rinse after eating, mouth and throat (decoction of chamomile for example), often to brush your teeth.
Advice 2 : Why is there a delay period
The menstrual cycle, which for 35 days or more there is a lack of cyclic secretions, called amenorrhea. Causes may be several, in most cases to determine the cause you need to see a doctor.
It is not necessary to panic, if menstruation is delayed for 3-5 days. It is likely that the symptoms of PMS (premenstrual syndrome). If this period exceeds one to two weeks or more, you need to think about the cause of amenorrhea.
If a woman is sexually active, it is possible to assume the pregnancy. This possibility cannot be ruled out even in cases when she uses contraception. To exclude or confirm these suspicions, you need to take a pregnancy test according to instructions attached to it.
If pregnancy is confirmed, it should be in the earliest time to register for pregnancy in female consultation and complete examination, in order to avoid possible health complications and unpleasant surprises in the development of pregnancy.
Another reason for the delay of menstruation stress or increased physical activity, which the woman experienced in the previous weeks. Often, problems at work or at home, active start sports or dancing lead to this phenomenon.
Change climate zone also can affect the hormonal balance. After the holidays spent in tropical countries, women often note the delay menstruation for a long time.
If a girl is trying to lose weight and adheres to a strict mono unbalanced, it is not surprising the absence of her monthly secretions – deficiency and exhaustion, with high probability develops sustainable amenorrhea.
In other cases, the reason for the delay of menstruation can be a major systemic diseases of the body: endocrine disorders, hidden infections of urogenital and gynecological diseases.
In disorders of the thyroid gland, adrenal glands, pituitary gland develops polycystic ovaries, which leads to disruption of ovulation and subsequently to persistent infertility. Benign tumors of the ovaries, uterus, inflammatory processes in them can also cause menstrual disorders – amenorrhea, or uterine bleeding, which can not be considered menstruation.
After artificial abortion may also experience a delay menstruation for up to 35-40 days, because the body is hormonal failure and such a long period is required for recovery of the uterine lining and stabilization of a hormonal background.
The same symptoms are present when taking certain hormonal contraceptives. After their withdrawal in 2-3 months also, there are no monthly allocation is to normalize hormone levels in the body.
When menopause begins the gradual fading of ovarian function after 45-50 years of menstruation become the norm, together with the manifestations of climacteric syndrome.
In all cases, the delay menstruation for a long time is required to consult a gynecologist.