Advice 1: What are the different types of briefings

Briefings are conducted at each company with all employees regardless of their duties and activities. The main ones are training in fire safety and labor protection.
What are the different types of briefings
Training on labour protection are divided into: introductory, primary, repeated, unplanned and target.

Induction training


This type of briefing is conducted with all employees. The level of education, work experience in this position is irrelevant. Induction training carried out by the specialist on labor protection. The program is developed on the basis of the acts, laws and regulations of the Russian Federation also takes into account the specifics of a certain company. The employer submits the program personally. At an introductory briefing officer must master the following knowledge:
1. on the General information about your business.
2. on the General provisions on labor protection;
3. about the internal labor regulations;
4. about common norms and rules of conduct on the premises;
5. about the harmful and dangerous factors when working at this company in this position;
6. the means of individual protection;
7. on fire safety;
8. one of the accidents;
9. about first aid.

Primary instruction


This kind of instruction is given before the start of production activities with all the accepted staff, as well as those who moved from one unit to another.
The issues studied during the initial briefing:
1. General information about the technological process, equipment;
2. basics without injury;
3. essential safety requirements;
4. basis for the use of firefighting equipment, fire protection and alarm systems.

Refresher training


This briefing shall be held semiannually for all staff members. It is conducted either individually or group. Questions, study with repeated instruction is similar to the primary.

Unscheduled briefing


Is held individually or by a group of persons engaged in similar activities. The plan and the instruction are determined depending on the purpose. For example, the introduction of new rules, norms of labor protection, process change or introduction of new equipment, in case of violation by employees of safety or long-term absence from work.

Target coaching


This type of briefing is conducted before commencing the specialist uncharacteristic of a single operation, in cases of necessity of elimination of consequences of emergency situations, natural disasters,and also in organizing trips to companies or other events.

Advice 2 : How to conduct coaching in the workplace

The life and health of employees is the most important issue for the employer. There is no need to be afraid to overdo it, it is important to take all measures to create safe working conditions. In accordance with the requirements of article 212 of the Labor code, each employee should be trained in safe work practices and instructed.
How to conduct coaching in the workplace
Instruction
1
For the organization of such work at the enterprise is developed and approved standard for the protection of labor. It to the smallest detail needs to be painted the order, periodicity of training, appointed person. In addition, are developed and approved instructions for the protection of labour to work on all the major professions), a summary of the primary and introductory briefings. These documents are basic to the instruction workers.
2
Briefings on labor protection at working place stand out from the total number because they are the immediate supervisor (foreman, mechanic, foreman, etc.) in the shop area, laboratories, etc. there are primary, target, repeated and unscheduled training at the work place.
3
Primary instruction is conducted on the first working day before the employee will be allowed to independent work. It is compulsory for all persons admitted to the company, regardless of the environment (temporarily, for the season, for practice, etc.), or transferred from one structural unit to another.
The briefing conducted by the head of Department, section etc. In the form of conversation to the employee explain in more detail the basic requirements of labor protection: the features of work, safe methods, routes of passage, requirements for clothing and footwear, etc. it is recommended to use a synopsis of primary instruction. To make sure that the subject employee learned, he asked questions.
The results of the instruction are logged in the prescribed form, where instruction and instructively put their signatures. As a rule, after training, the employee is assigned to an experienced worker for training. Her goal – getting skills of safe operations. The number of days (shifts) of the internships depends on the profession, its health hazards, the worker, and others. If the work is not associated with increased security requirements, probation may not be appointed. For this purpose the enterprise must be approved list of professions, whose admission to independent work is carried out without internships.
How to instructions on <b>work</b> <em></em>
4
Refresher training is conducted, as a rule, 1 time per quarter (but not less than 1 time in six months) in order to consolidate the acquired knowledge on labor protection and safety. It is carried out according to the approved instructions for the job or profession. The result is also written to the log, the signature of each employee and head of Department compulsory.
5
The reason for the unscheduled instruction may be a change in the technological process, obtaining new equipment, the introduction of new rules, guidelines, cases of personal injury. In the column of "content instruction" you must specify a reason that caused it. This may be a reference to the passport of the new equipment, the number and date of the normative document, instructions, telegrams about the injury, etc.
6
Another type of targeted instruction. It is carried out before performing the job that is associated with increased risk (e.g., with access to W.-D. the way). It is held by the foreman, shift foreman. If the work involved employees of other structural units, then the target instruction is carried out only by the supervisor (foreman, foreman, mechanic, etc.)
Note
If at the time of instruction (repeat, unscheduled) the employee is absent (vacation, illness, business trip), he instructed individually on the day of return to work.

Advice 3 : How to conduct a safety

Prior to admission of the worker to his duties on the shoulders of the master or any other responsible person undertakes to spend with the person briefing on technology security. This procedure is a mandatory condition of the employment relationship, regulated by the Labour Code of the Russian Federation. The passage shall be, even CEOs.
The safety
You will need
  • Manual safety, magazine briefings, handouts: diagrams of equipment which will work man, the layout of the room with the image input and output in enterprises, the presence of ventilation hatches, etc.
Instruction
1
Instruction is given on the basis of instructions for the technique of security, which is being developed at the company employee of labour protection in accordance with the order of his leader. In the manual safety sign the basic rules of safe work with any equipment, action in case of force majeure situations, etc.
Instructions <b>technology</b> <em>security</em>
2
Briefing on technology security can be done in group or individually. Importantly, workers have a clear idea about what rules they should follow to prevent injuries in the workplace, how to provide first aid to the victim, etc.
3
Coaching is usually a test master or the person under whose control will have to work with the new employee. Can be obtained as a special responsible person, whose duties included the conduct of instructionand the technique of security among employees.
4
The instructor familiarizes workers with the rules on labor protection at the enterprise, the actions in the event of dangerous situations; rules for the use of personal protective equipment; locations of fire extinguishers, first aid, the causes of possible accidents and injuries, making the number of warnings, and on completion of the oral tests the students knowledge of safe work practices
5
Only after reading the instructions for the technique of security an employee may be allowed to your workplace.
Note
Safety applies not only to people who work in the industry, but office workers, domestic servants, temporary or seasonal workers. From instruction delivered only employees working under a civil contract, and persons associated with the operation, adjustment, testing of certain equipment.
Useful advice
Upon completion of instruction, you must ensure that each employee signed a special log – log briefings on safety In the future, it will guarantee the observance of safety rules at the company in the event of accidents.

Advice 4 : How to conduct induction training

Introductory instruction is required as in hiring a new employee or in any situation in which it is assumed that instructively will operate in conditions that are potentially life-threatening. The goal is to tell the person about the possible risks when working in certain conditions.
How to conduct induction training
Instruction
1
Though, as you know, the introductory briefing is seen by many as an unnecessary formality, yet such things should not be neglected. If you have at this point in time the whole all arms and legs and all seemed fine, it does not mean that you do not cut off the finger of an industrial fan, if you're careless with it. Such things must understand every instructively.
2
Briefing held with the newly hired, but also temporary workers, business travelers, students (students, passing practice in the enterprise). Also instruction should be preceded by laboratory and practical classes in the study of work and on the street.
3
So, to spend instructing, you need to choose the room for free placement of all instructively. This is usually the office of labour protection or specially equipped for this purpose room.
4
Coaching conducted by a specially authorized person. As such person may act as a specialist in labor protection, and any employee assigned a senior Manager to this position.
5
To improve the efficiency of conducting the briefingand it is possible to use various demos. Under such content refers to not only the posters but also the video, or specially designed for such purposes of the program-directories.
6
The aim reference application is to demonstrate all the necessary regulatory, legal and other documents connected with the topic.
7
After holding an introductory briefingand you must make an entry in the register of introductory instructionand with binding signatures instructively and instructs.

Advice 5 : What is induction training on the manufacturing

In accordance with article 225 of the Labour code of the Russian Federation for all job persons and also for workers moving to another job, the employer or certified person shall conduct a briefing on safety and labor protection.
What is induction training on the manufacturing

The order of training of labor safety at the enterprise



Induction training is obligatory for all employed persons and temporary workers and workers of other enterprises, produce work to the designated site, students of educational institutions at appropriate levels, gaining work experience, and other persons involved in organizational production activities.

Introductory information provides specialist health and safety or employee charged with these responsibilities by order of the employer. Large enterprises to conduct specific sections of introductory instruction can be designed to the appropriate professionals, e.g. medical staff, fire brigade etc.

The process of instruction



Induction training is carried out on specially prescribed program, created on the basis of legislative and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation with regard to individual activities of the company and approved by the employer in the prescribed manner.

As a rule, induction training is carried out in the premises of labour protection or a specially equipped place with the use of modern learning tools and clear materials (posters, models, layouts, films, etc.).

The process of instruction should include:
- familiarize personnel with the existing hazardous and unsafe production factors.
- study all safety requirements and labor protection written into the local regulations of the organization;
- instructions on labor protection, technical and production documentation;
- application of methods and receptions of works, it does not harm the employee.

Completed training on the protection of labour oral verification of the acquired working knowledge of the person who conducted this orientation.
A detailed list of questions for the formulation of the programme induction is provided in Appendix 3 GOST 12.0.004-90 "Organization of training of labor safety".

On guidance to produce the entry in the register of introductory instruction with the necessary instruction and instructiunea signature, and the document of acceptance for work. Along with the magazine, you can use a personal card study.

Conducting induction briefings shall be recorded in the logbook is mandatory:
in educational work with students involved in extracurricular activities;
- in the work – the work of the Director, crew, etc.
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