Understand that there are different types of carrying capacity. Calculate the rated capacity of the vehicle as the permissible load, which is transport able to transport. Nominal capacity, in turn, depends on the quality of the road surface. So, when you use transport on the hard surface for cars, it ranges from 500 kg up to 14 tons, and trucks, for example, more than 28 tons.
Examine the technical documentation of your vehicle. In the technical passport must be specified the optimal weight that the vehicle can carry and the maximum load capacity exceed that which is prohibited. These parameters are calculated by designers taking into account the possible load on the chassis exceeding the maximum allowable weight may cause damage to the separate units of the car.
Inspect the body of the car. In some types of machines for door frame on the driver side attached to the so-called certification label with information about some of the technical parameters that include complete permitted weight of vehicle and maximum permissible load on each axle.
When calculating the load, consider the load distribution on the rear and front axis of the machine. The correct layout of the cargo in the vehicle will depend on the agility and driving safety. For those vehicles that have more than two axles, the maximum weight is the sum of the load on the front axle and rear bogie, which brings together middle and rear axles.
Determine what type duty is your truck. A particularly small load capacity up to 1 ton, light-duty vehicles can carry from one to two tons of cargo, the average capacity of 2-5 tons and vehicles used for the carriage of goods weighing over five tons, are to transport a large or even extra large capacity.
Advice 2: How to determine a truck
Russia uses the European classification of freight cars. To manage different types of vehicles require different category of rights. Types of trucks there are many trucks for public roads is traditionally divided into three classes.
According to the regulations on inland transport of UNECE, truck include motor vehicle, having at least four wheels and used for the carriage of goods. According to their purpose are divided into transport trucks intended for transport of goods and special. They are used as carriers of special equipment.
According to European classification, trucks with full weight from 400kg up to 6T and a carrying capacity of 3.5 tonnes are to easy. They can be divided into four groups. It can be the most light vans, created on the basis of cars of small and very small classes, full weight up to two tons (IZH 2715). The second group consists of pickup trucks, are cars with an open body with full weight from of 1.36 to 5.44 t third Most common group of European light trucks are different vans (passenger and cargo), vehicles with flatbed GVW 2 to 3.5 t (vans). All of these cars weighing up to 3.5 tons fall under the category of V. the Last group of light trucks cars total weight from 3.5 to 6T. required To manage them category C.
The cars of the middle class usually include trucks with GVW from 6 to 15 tons. Their characteristic feature – not full use of the permissible axle loads. The main types of trucks the middle class: chassis cab (ZIL 4314), car with side platform (GAZ 3309) and truck (ZIL-5423). In the small number of produced trucks.
To the heavy class includes vehicles using entirely valid road legislation axle loads, total mass and dimensions. Are considered the vehicles with GVW over 15 tons. In Russia for heavy trucks there are the following limitations. Overall dimensions shall not exceed 2.5 m in bus and 4m in height, the limit long road train, not more than 20m. Maximum axial load per axle depends on the type of road pavement is for roads of I-IV category 10 ton, V – 6, etc