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One tonne-kilometre is a weight of one ton, which is transported through a distance of one kilometer. Therefore, in order to calculate tonne-kilometers, multiply the weight on the mileage of the car, delivering the goods. For example, the truck moved 5 tons of cargo a distance of 200 kilometers: multiply 5 by 200 and get 1,000 ton-kilometers.
The resulting calculationand the economic indicator used to assess the volume of cargo transportation by this mode of transport. In addition, this throughput can be used to estimate the maximum capacity of the transport lines of the company and compare the mechanical forces of different vehicles.
It is also possible to calculate the present ton-kilometers. This index characterizes the volume of all executed separate types of transport carriage of passengers and cargo. To count a given tonne-kilometres, summarize tonne-kilometers passenger-kilometers.
To characterize the efficiency of use of the vehicle by which the goods are delivered, the calculated utilization of capacity. This indicator reflects the utilization of cargo spaces of different vehicles. For example, to the case of freight wagons, utilization rate of capacity is calculated as the quotient when dividing the useful volume to full volume.
On the throughput is significantly affected by the type of road on which the consignment is carried. Currently in Russia there are three types of roads: roads are one-way and hard-surface paved roads and two-way traffic and dirt roads. Naturally, the speed of transportation of goods by road of the first type will be much higher than the speed of travel of loaded vehicles on unpaved roads.