Why the need for monthly
Monthly represent bleeding that occur once a month. If pregnancy occurs, they stop. Menstrual cycle – period of time from the first day of one menstruation until the first day of the next. On average, it lasts about 28 days, although it may be more or less. The main role here is played by the regularity of coming critical days. In the middle of the cycle ovulation occurs: the Mature ovum, ready for fertilization, out of the follicle and moves through the fallopian tube into the uterus. During ovulation the probability of getting pregnant is very high, so every woman should know when she gets her next period. Often the cycle of strays, and to determine the date of the coming critical days is very difficult.
How to recognize ovulation
Ovulation occurs approximately mid-cycle, women can identify the process in some respects. At the time of the release of an egg from the follicle in the body is hormonal surge. The basal temperature rises by 0.5-0.8 ° C, this increase can last until the last day of the cycle. Measure the temperature in the morning upon waking, without getting out of bed. The thermometer should be inserted into the anus for 8 to 10 minutes. Record the readings on the thermometer better in a specially designated notebook, to keep track of the regularity of its cycle. When measuring the basal temperature is important not to forget to record even the date and day of the cycle.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
PMS is a collection of their own personal experiences, who speak about the approach of menstruation. The cause of manifestation of signs of premenstrual syndrome are hormonal changes in the body. Every time these signs can be expressed to a greater or lesser extent. Premenstrual syndrome lasts from two to several days.
PMS symptoms are divided into psychological and physiological. Psychological symptoms: drowsiness or insomnia, unmotivated resentment, anxiety, fear, aggressive behavior, mood swings. Physiological symptoms: nagging pain in the abdomen and lower back, headache, dizziness, increased appetite, nausea, breast tenderness, acne on the face, a small increase in body temperature, the extinction or increasing libido.
If a woman observes the manifestation of any symptom of these two groups, it should not immediately hang the label of "PMS". You should monitor any symptoms for at least three months, then we can draw conclusions, PMS or not. Not to cost to forget that premenstrual syndrome will not last forever. If symptoms strongly complicate life, interfere with work and communicate with people, you need to take action. A good obstetrician will tell you how to alleviate the condition and support of family give strength.
The harbingers the first menstruation
The onset of the critical days is not a sign of full commitment of the body of a young girl to pregnancy and childbirth, it's just a sign that pregnancy is possible. Usually first period (menarche) in girls starting at the age of 11-14 years. This period varies due to some factors. On the date of the onset of menarche is affected by health status, diet, physical and mental development, disease history, hereditary factor, stress, etc. About the approach of the first menstruation is indicated by some symptoms: nagging pain in the lower abdomen (previously unknown), nausea, headache, frequent mood swings, fatigue, apathy, or aggression.
There are other signs of puberty, and hence the imminent onset of menarche: a girl's shape becomes more rounded, increasing the size of the hips, growing Breasts, appear leucorrhoea (vaginal discharge), increased sebaceous and sweat glands.
Advice 2: First period: what to do
The first menstruation is called menarche, is a sign that the female body has reached puberty and can become pregnant. Although today's teenagers are familiar with this theme, it is very important to parents in advance to explain to the girl how to behave and what to do in the first month.
The timing of the onset of the first menstruation
In girls, sexual maturation begins with the seven or eight years, when the body hormones are synthesized first. Gradually the figure becomes more feminine appear the hair in intimate areas, Breasts growing, changing behavior. The peak of puberty is the appearance of the first menstruation, which suggests that the girl might happen to ovulate, and she can get pregnant.
Not always the first menses indicate ovulation, in the period of the menstrual cycle ovulation may not be.
Most often the first menstruation begins at 12-14 years, although the norm is much wider, from 9 to 17-18 years. These terms are very individual, it depends on many different factors: heredity, health, environmental. So, full girls menarche occurs earlier, and fans of active sports later. The inhabitants of the southern regions monthly occur in 10-11 years, and Severiano usually late.
Smoking, use of alcohol, strict diet, drugs, abuse of harmful and fat food inhibit sexual development and can delay the onset of menarche.
The menstrual cycle is established immediately, but for one or two years. The first time period are very unstable, with large and different time intervals. Gradually regulated and blood volume, and duration of menstruation.
What to do when the first monthly
The forerunners of the first period are characterized vaginal discharge – leucorrhoea, which become more profuse and viscous. Sometimes girls get PMS symptoms a few months before the first menstruation – mood changes, appear lethargy or tearfulness, may have headaches. If the girl knows about these symptoms and listen to your body, menarche does not become an unpleasant surprise. But many are not ready for changes in your body of girls first period caught off guard, cause fear and cause stress. In the period from 11-12 years to be ready for such changes – for example, it is advisable to carry a few pads and clean underwear, just in case.
At an early age, during menstruation it is advisable to use pads and not tampons, and sometimes even a thin tampon is specially designed for young girls, can break or damage the hymen. Gaskets need to choose from the average absorbency, on the one hand, this will help to avoid difficult situations, if the blood is abundant, the other girl learns to change hygiene often enough that bacteria do not multiply. Not all Teens in this age of liberated enough to not be afraid to buy their own hygiene products. The first time it is desirable that the mother gave her daughter strip.
If the first menstruation is accompanied by pain and spasms, lower physical activity and eat healthy food. If the pain is too strong, it is advisable to tell your parents about this and consult a gynecologist.
Advice 3: How to understand that period
Monthly is a process that is accompanied by discomfort. Signs of menstruation every woman manifested in different ways. Someone does not feel changes in the body, and for some it's a problem that impedes their way of life.
The first menstruation in girls
Basically, the first month (of the regulation) the girls have between 11 to 16 years. Approximately two years before the onset of the first menstruation behavior, mood and physical condition of the girl is undergoing significant change. Her figure takes on a rounded shape and becomes more feminine.
The roots of the hair on the head, quickly grow fat, some girls dandruff appears. The sebaceous and sweat glands increases, resulting in the skin may become acne. Slightly increase in size, the outer genitals and pubes and in the armpits become more rigid and darker.
Vaginal discharge (leucorrhoea) become abundant for 3-4 months before the first menstruation. They can be liquid, viscous, clear or white and odor. The girl in this period may experience frequent headaches, feelings of apathy, resentment, and aggression for no apparent reason. Some girls may experience a dragging pain in the abdomen just before the blood discharge.
Signs of menstruation in women
The second and all subsequent monthly menstruation will depend on the length of the menstrual cycle of a woman. This allows you to calculate the beginning of the next regul. Normal menstrual cycle is the cycle of 28 to 35 days, counting from the first day of menstruation.
Speaking of the signs preceding the appearance of the regul, you can mark and other symptoms associated with certain sensations women. Interestingly, these symptoms occur in all women differently, but may not appear at all.
One of the most common signs of approaching menstruation breast pain. Women's Breasts 1-2 weeks before menstrual period slightly increases, it becomes more sensitive and "heavy". Sometimes when touching the breast of a woman experiencing pain.
A few days before the onset of menstruation on the face can appear pimples that usually take place immediately after menstruation. A couple of days before menstruation or the first day of the cycle the woman has pain in the lower abdomen, and the abdomen became slightly swollen. It should be noted that pain every woman is manifested individually.
Many women before the regulation point the following symptoms: fatigue, apathy, depression, General lethargy, tearfulness, distraction. Some women due to hormonal changes in the body before or during menstruation experiencing frequent changes of mood: aggression laughter and sadness.